[en]Ecological modeling is a powerful tool which can be used to synthesize information on the dynamic processes which occur in ecosystems. Models of radionuclide transport in forests were first constructed in the mid-1960's, when the consequences of global fallout from nuclear weapons tests and waste disposal in the environment were of great concern. Such models were developed based on site-specific experimental data and were designed to address local needs. These models had a limited applicability in evaluating distinct ecosystems and deposition scenarios. Given the scarcity of information, the same experimental data sets were often used both for model calibration and validation, an approach which clearly constitutes a methodological error. Even though the carry modeling attempts were far from being faultless, they established a useful conceptual approach in that they tried to capture general processes in ecosystems and thus had a holistic nature. Later, radioecological modeling attempted to reveal ecosystem properties by separating the component parts from the whole system, as an approach to simplification. This method worked well for radionuclide transport in agricultural ecosystems, in which the biogeochemistry of radionuclide cycling is relatively well understood and can be influenced by fertilization. Several models have been successfully developed and applied to human dose evaluation and emergency response to contaminating events in agricultural lands
Primary SubjectSPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5221)
Secondary SubjectENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (B3110)
SourceEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 124-129; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; 19 refs, 3 figs.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)AGRICULTURE, ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, FALLOUT, FORECASTING, FORESTS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION, RADIOECOLOGY, RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION, TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
Descriptors (DEC)ECOLOGY, ECOSYSTEMS, ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT, MASS TRANSFER