Risks and benefits of the interventions aimed at minimizing nuclear damage in the Chernobyl accident
[en]The damages that the absorption of ionizing radiation (i.r.) can cause to humans may be classified as 1) nonstochastic (somatic or deterministic) or 2) stochastic (probabilistic) , which result, for example, from high doses of i.r. absorbed after a serious nuclear accident. Though the Chernobyl case involved both kinds of damage, this paper deals only with stochastic damage risk, and confine our considerations to individuals who were directly Affected and received high i.r. doses. The purpose of this paper is to provide elements on which to base future decisions on the evacuation and return of populations affected by serious nuclear accidents. Unlike the abundant literature on the subject, and as a necessary complement thereto within the bounds of a strict synthesis, to identify the most significant parameters applicable to single individuals rather than to the population at large, and referring solely to risks of stochastic damage
Primary SubjectSPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5221)
Secondary SubjectRADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY (C5400), SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5100)
SourceEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 153-157; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; 5 refs.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)EMERGENCY PLANS, EVACUATION, GENETIC RADIATION EFFECTS, PUBLIC HEALTH, RADIATION DOSES, REACTOR ACCIDENTS, REMEDIAL ACTION, RISK ASSESSMENT
Descriptors (DEC)ACCIDENTS, BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS, GENETIC EFFECTS, MEDICINE, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, RADIATION EFFECTS