[en]In Austria the alpine regions received the highest fallout contamination, showing a very inhomogeneous spatial distribution of the surface deposition. About half of the national territory is within alpine regions, which are very different in times of underlying bedrock and soil characteristic. Since this is the controlling factor for the radionuclide uptake of the vegetation, it is crucial for the long-term effects of radioactive fallout. Different studies have been carried out in the Province of Salzburg (area: 7154 km2) over the past ten years, addressing a broad spectrum of issues, such as: measurement of the spatial distribution of the fallout, research in monitoring techniques comparison of theoretical calculations with actual in vivo-measurements of nuclide uptake by man for different population groups, and the investigation of biological effects. When considering the radioecological effects of the Chernobyl fallout a distinction has to be made between the short-term effects immediately following the fallout and the long-term effects. While the short term effects are controlled by the physical characteristics of the fallout, similar for the whole region, the long-term effects are more determined by the radioecological properties of the environments affected which are much more variable than the fallout-characteristics
Primary SubjectSPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5221)
Secondary SubjectSPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5100), ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (B3110)
Source/ReportEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 158-165; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; 19 refs, 5 figs, 2 tabs.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)AUSTRIA, CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, FALLOUT DEPOSITS, MOUNTAINS, PLANTS, RADIATION MONITORING, RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION, REACTOR ACCIDENTS
Descriptors (DEC)ACCIDENTS, DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS, ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT, EUROPE, FALLOUT, GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS, LWGR TYPE REACTORS, MASS TRANSFER, MONITORING, POWER REACTORS, REACTORS, THERMAL REACTORS, WATER COOLED REACTORS, WESTERN EUROPE