The problem of radioactive contamination inhomogeneity and simulation of the transport of radionuclides through agroecosystems
[en]The analyses of the measurement data on the territory of the Ukrainian Polesie region carried out by the Research Centre Juelich and the Ukrainian Institute of Radioecology shows that there is a high degree of inhomogeneity for the contamination pattern, they transfer from soil to the biosphere and for the food consumption. Therefore, a deterministic environmental assessment model may not be convenient because most processes are not known in detailed. In this situation a probabilistic approach seems to be more promising. In this report presented a dynamic model for the transfer of radioactivity in terrestrial food chains that fit to the regionally conditions and agricultural practice. The living organism will be treated as dynamic system subject to random action of radioactivity. This system is described by stochastic differential equations of Langevene's type. Starting from this base we calculated a distribution function of radionuclide body burdens for inhabitant ensembles under the assumptions that entering of activity into organisms is a random temporary function that can be approximated by certain impulse Poison processes. A comparison of calculated distribution function is carried out with measurement results of internal body burden. It shown a satisfactory description of the real situation found for four investigated villages of Ukrainian Polesie region (Olevsk, Narodichi, Vezhitsa and Stare Selo) that were characterized by different degree of contamination and different degree of inhomogeneity
Primary SubjectSPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5221)
Secondary SubjectENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (B3110)
SourceEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 481; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; Abstract only.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)AGRICULTURE, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, CONTAMINATION, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT, FOOD CHAINS, RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION, SPATIAL DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS, TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
Descriptors (DEC)DISTRIBUTION, ECOSYSTEMS, MASS TRANSFER, RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS, SIMULATION, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION