[en]The reports on the consequences of the reactor accident at Chernobyl in late April 1986 have been extremely contradictory as yet. In the post-Soviet republics affected by the accident there was a general lack of reliable information concerning the levels of radioactive contamination of the environment and of foodstuffs. Where data were given, they were insufficiently supported and explained. Not least, these circumstances led to considerable disquiet and concern amongst the public even at a great distance from the site of the accident. In order to assist in informing those affected and above all to determine their actual radiation exposure, the Federal Republic of Germany performed a measuring campaign in the three post-Soviet republics between Moscow and Kiev in the years 1991-1993. For this purpose, the Federal Ministry of the Environment made available funds of about DM 12 million. Starting in 1991 a total of 22 vehicles math 27 measuring assemblies and more than 150 staff, recruited on a voluntary basis from various institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany, were engaged in the first measuring campaign lasting from mid-May to early October 1991. In the following two years the programme was slightly reduced. Great store was set by the comprehensive information of the population. In addition to general information through the media two leaflets were distributed to all visitors to explain the radiological situation. Each person undergoing measurements or bringing food samples received a form with the results and a short explanation in Russian. This was favourably accepted by the public
Primary SubjectENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY (F1400)
Secondary SubjectSPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5221)
SourceEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 507-514; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; 3 refs, 2 figs, 4 tabs.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR, CONTAMINATION, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, FALLOUT, HEALTH HAZARDS, POLITICAL ASPECTS, PUBLIC ANXIETY, PUBLIC HEALTH, PUBLIC OPINION, RADIATION DOSES, RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION, REACTOR ACCIDENTS, SOCIAL IMPACT, SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS
Descriptors (DEC)ACCIDENTS, ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS, ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT, GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS, HAZARDS, LWGR TYPE REACTORS, MASS TRANSFER, MEDICINE, POWER REACTORS, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, REACTORS, THERMAL REACTORS, WATER COOLED REACTORS