[en]General Background. Previous studies confirmed that the main reason of the psychological stress after Chernobyl was a worry about radiation influence on personal health and health of children. This ''Chernobyl stress'' is typical ''information'' or emotional stress resulting from mass media information on radioactive contamination and exposure but not from direct personal visual or auditory and other impression for 5 million population. The population was not able to define the radiation danger by direct sensual perception without measuring equipment but was obliged to change their life-style and diet as a remedial action and to follow the radiation protection requirements and advices. Therefore the anxiety was related not only to information about the accident but also to implemental countermeasures, which changed the everyday life. The countermeasures became the first real sign of the accident. Methods. In 1988-1994 studies based on population interview of about 5 thousand residents and questionnaires were carried out on contaminated (15 - 40 Ci/km2) territories, adjacent and distant areas. The following information was used: population knowledge of protective measures; sources of information about radiation and level of trust; assessment of the effectiveness and reasons of non-satisfaction of the protection measures; compliance and involvement of population in countermeasures including effects of life-style changes and behavior; public opinion on priority for financial expenditure for mitigation of accident consequences
Primary SubjectRADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY (C5400)
Secondary SubjectENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY (F1400)
Source/ReportEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 515-519; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; 3 refs, 4 tabs.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR, CONTAMINATION, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, HEALTH HAZARDS, PUBLIC ANXIETY, PUBLIC OPINION, RADIATION DOSES, REACTOR ACCIDENTS, SOCIAL IMPACT
Descriptors (DEC)ACCIDENTS, ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS, GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS, HAZARDS, LWGR TYPE REACTORS, POWER REACTORS, REACTORS, THERMAL REACTORS, WATER COOLED REACTORS