[en]The 'classical' pattern of radiological protection considers mostly the radiation factor. The choice of protective measures is governed by effective doses, both received and projected, also established and adopted intervention levels, respectively. The effectiveness of the countermeasures is measured by the value of an averted dose. The lessons learned from Chernobyl show that the above single-factor pattern of radiological protection is appropriate only at an acute post-accident phase. In that period (days and weeks after an accident) the radiation factor prevails and bas countermeasures are proceeded from prearranged intervention levels. At the next long-term phase (months, years after the accident) there is enough time for a human factor to come fully into force. This factor implies the psychological and social acceptance, by the public, of the countermeasures to be implemented. It implies the response of the public to their implementation, the reflection of the situation by mass media, the reaction of Legislative and Administrative Bodies too
Primary SubjectRADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY (F2300)
Secondary SubjectRADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY (C5400)
SourceEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 542-548; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; 9 refs.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR, CONTAMINATION REGULATIONS, PUBLIC HEALTH, RADIATION HAZARDS, REACTOR ACCIDENTS, RECOMMENDATIONS, REGULATORY GUIDES
Descriptors (DEC)ACCIDENTS, DOCUMENT TYPES, ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS, GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS, HAZARDS, HEALTH HAZARDS, LAWS, LWGR TYPE REACTORS, MEDICINE, POWER REACTORS, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, REACTORS, REGULATIONS, THERMAL REACTORS, WATER COOLED REACTORS