[en]The Chernobyl accident has changed the people representations on the degree of danger for the person of development of a nuclear power. From more than 384 people involved, from 134 suffered from acute radiation syndrome, from which 28 persons died at the acute period. And what has been happening before and after Chernobyl? Which radiating incidents took place on a territory of former USSR and on which ''background'' Chernobyl consequences are observed? Materials of the Registry of SRSR - Institute of Biophysics (IBP), which clinical department has provided medical assistance, observation and treatment in the majority of victims damaged at radiating incidents on a territory of former USSR, certifies that at least 147 radiating incidents have taken place for a period from 1950 to 1996 (excluding South Urals accidents, nuclear submarine accidents and consequences of nuclear explosions). More than 776 individuals were exposed in these incidents. It is authentically known, that at least 393 of them were observed with clinical symptoms of acute radiation injury, local radiation damages or their combinations, and 57 patients died during acute period of radiation injury and about half of given statistics are on the Chernobyl accident. More than half the cases (79 of 147) were connected to radioisotope devices and their sources of radiations. In the last three decades small fluctuations of frequency of radiating incidents, on the average are observed: about 3-4 cases in a year (maximum 9, 1971) from which, only 1-2 with two and more damaged and about one case in two years with fatal outcomes at the acute period. Quantity of victims with clinical symptoms makes on the average 5-6 in a year, and with fatal outcome - on the average less than one case in a year before Chernobyl accident and only three cases for 10-year period after Chernobyl
Original TitleRaditsionnye intsidenty, svyazannye s oblucheniem cheloveka, na territorii byvshego SSSR po i posle Chernobylya
Primary SubjectSPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS (C5221)
Secondary SubjectGENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS (E2300), RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY (C5500)
SourceEuropean Commission (CEC), Brussels (Belgium); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); 699 p; ISSN 1011-4289; ; Sep 1997; p. 601-607; International conference on one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident; Vienna (Austria); 8-12 Apr 1996; 2 tabs.
Country/OrganizationInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Descriptors (DEI)BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS, CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR, DATA ACQUISITION, INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR EVENT SCALE, RADIATION ACCIDENTS, RADIATION DOSES, REVIEWS, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Descriptors (DEC)ACCIDENTS, BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, DOCUMENT TYPES, EASTERN EUROPE, ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS, EUROPE, GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS, LWGR TYPE REACTORS, POWER REACTORS, RADIATION EFFECTS, REACTORS, THERMAL REACTORS, WATER COOLED REACTORS