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[en] The 2nd Climate Change Technology Conference (CCTC2009) was held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada on May 12-15, 2009. CCTC2009 is a Canadian/International forum for engineers, scientists, policy advisors, industry and other stakeholders to share new information and ideas for dealing with climate change and global warming. It also provided an opportunity for participants to keep abreast of emerging techniques and technologies for the mitigation of and adaptation to, the impacts of climate change. The conference theme: 'Climate Change ..... Deal with It!' emphasized the need to develop practical engineering and administrative responses to address the impacts of climate change and global warming.
[en] This paper discusses how clean technologies can get returns from greenhouse gases credits. Businesses recognize that climate change opportunity is bigger than information technology. Clean technologies and climate change will transform the economy. Clean technologies will bring business opportunities, revitalize industry and the economy, bring jobs and increase exports.
[en] The purpose of this paper is to examine greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction potentials in the Canadian electricity generation sector through fuel switching and the adoption of advanced power generation systems. To achieve this purpose, six different scenarios were introduced. In the first scenario existing power stations' fuel was switched to natural gas. Existing power plants were replaced by natural gas combined cycle (NGCC), integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), hybrid SOFC, and SOFC-IGCC hybrid power stations in scenarios number 2 to 6, respectively. (author)
[en] This paper discusses the program to train and develop a community of experts with the highest standards of professional practice in measuring, accounting, auditing and managing greenhouse gas emissions. Experts should operate with a common code of conduct and ethics, and provide the high levels of professional competency.
[en] In Nepal Climate change has implications on reduction of snow pack on the mountains, water supply shortages, increase forest fires, increase in extreme weather, increase demand for irrigation, decreases power generation; wells dry up due to lower water table. Climate change seeks the two actions on the mitigation of greenhouse gases and adaptation to the climate change. This paper also describes the climate change issues of Nepal. In addition it deals with the potential threats of climate change to water Supply, agriculture and food security, temperature increase, run-off patterns, glacial melt and floods. (author)
[en] The manufacturing of a product is connected directly to the amount of carbon emitted in producing electrical energy used by that manufacturing process. A new, simple Carbon Emission Signature, CES™, is proposed. Knowing the CES for a power grid and the energy needed to make a part, the carbon emitted can be found. Examples of single point turning and open die forging are given. Knowing the total carbon emitted for a product, a manufacturer can voluntarily place a Green House Gas label on each product. A customer can then see the amount of Green House Gas emitted in making the product. The format for a Carbon Emissions label is proposed. (author)
[en] This paper is a discussion on how to manage climate change-associated risks in water resource infrastructure projects. It proposes to simulate future climate conditions , perform climate change impact study and implement adaptation measures.
[en] This paper discusses climate change and infrastructure engineering. The infrastructure scope includes potable water, storm water, waste water, buildings, transportation, public transit and energy. These projects involve civil, chemical, environmental, electrical, mechanical and other engineering disciplines. These projects are important because of the influence of technical standards on infrastructure.
[en] The efficiency of a regenerative burner installed for upgrading an aluminum melting furnace in a die-casting plant is evaluated using energy and exergy methods. Energy and exergy efficiencies are compared for the furnace before and after the upgrades. The objectives are to examine the efficiency improvement potentially achievable using regenerative burners and to identify ways to exploit this improvement potential. The results indicate that energy and exergy efficiencies of the furnace are both improved after upgrades and emissions to the environment are correspondingly reduced. The results also demonstrate the benefits of using exergy. (author)
[en] This paper examines a portion of the thermodynamics of global warming. The calculations use the endothermic photosynthesis reaction and yearly measures of CO_2 uptake to determine the amount of energy that is absorbed by forest cover each year. The energy absorption value of forest coverage determines the yearly cost of deforestation. The calculations reveal that 3.92 * 10"1"5 kJ less solar energy is absorbed by global forest coverage because of deforestation each year. The energy is enough to warm the atmosphere by 0.00008 °C / year. By comparison the same amount of energy represents 0.001 % of the atmospheric energy gains between 1995 and 2003. The results of this paper raise questions about the nature of global warming and the possibility that thermodynamic contributions to global climate change are significant. (author)