Results 21 - 30 of 157872
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[en] Brief descriptions are given for three research areas: transport properties of multicomponent fluid mixtures, fluctuations in a Rayleigh-Benard cell, and light and neutron scattering of simple fluids
[en] The effect the initial structure of a two-component reaction powder mixture has on the dynamics of its isothermal homogenization is investigated. Relations for determining the duration of homogenization are obtained. A technique for calculating kinetic parameters is proposed.
[en] We investigate the transport dynamics of an interacting binary Bose—Einstein condensate in an incommensurate optical lattice and predict a novel splitting of a matter wavepacket induced by disorder potential and inter-species interaction. The effect of atomic interaction on the dynamics of the mobile and localized atoms are also studied in detail. We also discuss the behavior of the balanced and inbalanced mixtures in the incommensurate optical lattice. (general)
[en] Highlights: → Irreversible thermodynamics establishes form of multicomponent diffusion coefficients. → Phenomenological coefficients and thermodynamic factors affect sign of diffusion coefficients. → Negative diagonal elements of diffusion coefficients matrix can occur in non-ideal mixtures. → Eigenvalues of the matrix of Fickian diffusion coefficients may not be all real. - Abstract: The form of multicomponent Fickian diffusion coefficients matrix in thermodynamically stable mixtures is established based on the form of phenomenological coefficients and thermodynamic factors. While phenomenological coefficients form a symmetric positive definite matrix, the determinant of thermodynamic factors matrix is positive. As a result, the Fickian diffusion coefficients matrix has a positive determinant, but its elements - including diagonal elements - can be negative. Comprehensive survey of reported diffusion coefficients data for ternary and quaternary mixtures, confirms that invariably the determinant of the Fickian diffusion coefficients matrix is positive.
[en] A new device, consisting of a rough plate immersed in the fluid sample, was developed to enable a simpler measurement of the sedimentation and yield stress increase of non-Newtonian suspensions. Due to the deformation of the material at rest or due to changes in the solid volume concentration by sedimentation along the vertical axis, the plate apparent mass varies with time. The apparent yield stress value of a fluid and the sedimentation rate could be calculated from this measurement
[en] This paper presents vibration control responses of a controllable magnetorheological (MR) suspension system considering the two most important characteristics of the system; the field-dependent hysteretic behavior of the MR damper and the parameter variation of the suspension. In order to achieve this goal, a cylindrical MR damper which is applicable to a middle-sized passenger car is designed and manufactured. After verifying the damping force controllability, the field-dependent hysteretic behavior of the MR damper is identified using the Preisach hysteresis model. The full-vehicle suspension model is then derived by considering vertical, pitch and roll motions. An H∞ controller is designed by treating the sprung mass of the vehicle as a parameter variation and integrating it with the hysteretic compensator which produces additional control input. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control system, the hardware-in-the-loop simulation (HILS) methodology is adopted by integrating the suspension model with the proposed MR damper. Vibration control responses of the vehicle suspension system such as vertical acceleration are evaluated under both bump and random road conditions
[en] We discuss fast frictionless cooling techniques in the framework of sympathetic cooling of cold atomic mixtures. It is argued that optimal cooling of an atomic species--in which the deepest quantum degeneracy regime is achieved--may be obtained by means of sympathetic cooling with another species whose trapping frequency is dynamically changed to maintain constancy of the Lewis-Riesenfeld adiabatic invariant. Advantages and limitations of this cooling strategy are discussed, with particular regard to the possibility of cooling Fermi gases to a deeper degenerate regime.
[en] This paper introduce a numeric procedure to determine the temporal evolution of the height, potential temperature and mixing ratio in the atmospheric mixing layer. The time and spatial derivatives were evaluated via forward in time scheme to predict the local evolution of the mixing-layer parameters, and a forward in time, upstream in space scheme to predict the evolution of the mixing-layer over a flat region with a one-dimensional advection component. The surface turbulent fluxes of sensible and latent heat were expressed using a simple sine wave that is function of the hour day and kind of the surface (water or country). (author)
[pt]Este trabalho apresenta um algoritmo numerico para se determinar a evolucao temporal da altura, temperatura potencial e razao de mistura da camada de mistura atmosferica, utilizando um esquema numerico avancado no tempo para prognosticar a evolucao local, e um esquema numerico avancado no tempo e atrasado no espaco para a analise sobre uma regiao sujeita a um campo de adveccao unidimensional. Os fluxos turbulentos de calor sensivel e calor latente foram determinados a partir de parametrizacoes senoidais simplificadas em funcao da hora do dia e do tipo de regiao analisada (rural e de agua). (autor)