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[en] • Nuclear energy is the only energy source that survives scientific scrutiny. • The present precautionary culture obstructs and delays the rapid roll out of nuclear power needed to replace both fossil fuel and “renewable” plants worldwide. • Education challenge is critical, to build the skill base and to get opinion formers on side side– the media, teachers and politicians have never been told the truth. • Climate Change brings likely global dangers that far outweigh any local nuclear risk. • Safety regulations should be recast based on existing scientific evidence. • Those concerned with radiation safety should review how they might best contribute towards a safe future in a new nuclear world.
[en] A web-based survey has been developed to assess the public opinion regarding the national energy strategy and the possible implementation of a nuclear power program in Lebanon. The engineers in northern Lebanon were selected as a target group for this study. The survey indicates that solar energy is perceived by the majority of Lebanese as an alternative to thermal plants to meet the climate change commitments, while only 6% are supporting strongly the nuclear energy as an alternative, however, 55% believe that nuclear solution is more suitable in future and the nuclear programs in neighbouring countries might have a positive influence on their position regarding a nuclear power program.
[en] There are complex correlations between economics, energy and the environment. It is a reality that world energy demand increase would be inevitable and global warming issue would become more and more serious in coming decades. For a sustainable future of our planet, we should take on challenge to realize a low carbon society. Bangladesh has given the utmost priority on diversified fuel mix and new technologies integration to provide safe, reliable, cost effective and value-for-money electricity for a long-term basis. The country has decided to draw up and implement nuclear power programme to produce base load, safe, environmentally benign and affordable electricity and to reduce over dependence upon imported energy and to increase diversity of energy resources for ensuring energy security. The Power System Master Plan (PSMP) 2016 aims in formulating an extensive energy and power development plan up to the year 2041. Bangladesh has an aspiration to become a high-income country by 2041. The development of energy and power infrastructure therefore pursues not only the quantity but also the quality to realize the long-term economic development. One of the major viewpoints of the PSMP 2016 is to maximization of green energy and promotion of its introduction. PSMP2016 aims to create a well-balanced power generation environment that maximizes the respective advantages of different types of power generation methods. Nuclear power, power import, hydropower, and coal-based thermal power generations are considered as base load energy. In this PSMP2016, nuclear power generation plays an important role in providing a stable base load. It is assumed the first unit 1200MW is to start operations by 2024 and the second 1200MW by 2025 on PSMP2016. The paper clearly identifies the country’s goal considering nuclear power programme and global climate change issues. (author)
[en] UK Nuclear & Climate Change – Conclusions: • Nuclear energy is not currently a preferred means of tackling Climate Change in the West - for economic & funding reasons. • Three approaches to: - Make nuclear competitive with other low-carbon energy sources; - Become a substantial contributor to tackling Climate Change in UK and other developed countries. • Governments & industry needs to step up to huge opportunities & challenges: - New approaches to guarantee funding of construction; - Support the collaborative design of advanced reactor technologies. • Further work is required: - Turning modern construction approaches into practical solutions; - Evaluating the attractiveness and practicality of AMRs being developed and deployed to tackle Climate Change by 2050.
[en] Nuclear power combined with smart power grids — the two-way networks that connect producers to consumers and use new technologies to do so — can help countries transition to low carbon electricity sources and ensure reliable, stable and sustainable energy supplies. Many countries are diversifying their mix of low carbon energy sources to help them decarbonize their economies and achieve their climate goals. This has led to a global shift towards renewable energy sources; however, these sources alone are not able to fully and reliably meet demand.
[en] The role of teacher is important in forming student’s perception. Most student first learn about the side effect of using fossils fuels, with teachers as the sole source of informations.
[en] Variable renewable energy sources are increasingly contributing to global energy generation today and are planned to play an even more prominent role in the future. Recent predictions show that the share of renewables (including non-variable) could increase from 22% in 1995 to 28% in 2020 and more than 70% by 2050. At the same time nuclear power generation is predicted to be fairly constant at approximately 3,000 TWh per year, with global power generation increasing to approximately 50,000 TWh by 2050. As a result of the rapid increase in renewable energy production, mostly from solar, wind and hydropower, the global share of nuclear power production is expected to decrease from 18% in 1995, and 10% in 2020 to approximately 5% in 2050. Nuclear power remains the second most important (after hydropower) dispatchable greenhouse gas lean energy source and is foreseen to play an important role in balancing variable renewable energy generation from renewables.
[en] Conclusion: Ghana’s electricity generation mix developed along line its ambition to attain a high income status in fulfillment of the socio-economic aspirations of its people. The assessment considers the influence of the future electricity generation on greenhouse gas emission. The results indicate that nuclear power can play a key role in greenhouse gas emission mitigation, due to the dominant role it is expected play in the electricity generation mix. The low contribution of renewable sources is due to limitation in their resource availability in Ghana particularly in the case of hydro, wind and biomass. Even though solar is abundant by virtue of Ghana’s geographical location, the unavailability of cost effective energy storage system in the foreseeable future imposed limitations on its wide spread use. The Introduction of nuclear power in Ghana is confronted by a major challenge which is financing. The high capital cost of NPPs makes it currently difficult for government to finance them calling for arrange with vendor countries through build operate and transfer arrangement, public private partnership (PPP), etc. In addition, some decision makers and some members of the general public have concerns about nuclear safety, particularly in the case where Ghana is a developing country. This therefore calls for public education to allay their fears and negative perception about the technology.
[en] Conclusions: • According to the reviewed background it is possible to conclude that the study of the nuclear option in Chile is coherent with the state policies to face climate change,mainly with the fundamental pillars of the 2050 Policy ''Reliability, Inclusivity, Competitiveness and Sustainability'' of the energy sector. • Nuclear energy plays a crucial role worldwide in the decrease of emissions from the power generation sector, ensuring a stable and secure supply of energy, which are important characteristics that are in accordance with the national policies to address the climate change. Therefore it is advisable to include nuclear energy as one of the options to be reviewed in the next long-term energy planning (Chilean PELP). • This energy could provide robustness of supply, which integrated with hydroelectricity and variable renewable energies would generate a cleaner and safer energy mix that would be in compliance with the Chilean NDCs, and would allow the country to have a more ambitious position in the scenario of future COPs.
[en] In the last decades the use of satellite images and remote sensing for agricultural activities has increased to encompass factors such as plant growth or biomass. However, satellite images may not be available for all regions or during all seasons (cloud cover) and precision agriculture requires smaller resolutions for mapping small elements as for example trees or smaller crops. The application of multispectral cameras mounted on UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) is therefore a new and fast developing market and methodology. In order to explore its opportunities a training course on the use of UAVs and multispectral camera systems in agriculture was organized for the staff of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture in Vienna, Seibersdorf from 23-27 September 2019. The course was led by Mr Erik de Badts (Micasense) but included several guest lecturers from different companies and research facilities. In total six staff members from the SWMCN laboratory and section participated. The course provided insights into the different UAVs available, camera systems, software and data processing programmes. IAEA staff learnt how to plan a UAV survey and process acquired data.