Results 1 - 10 of 1716
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[en] The paper presents the results of calculated research on determining the thermal technical indicators of a combined solar desalinization and drying plant. The structure of the plant is developed and proposed. A mathematical model is developed that describes the thermal processes occurring in the plant based on heat-balance equations solved using the Laplace method.
[en] The future trends of the industry require major renovations in the infrastructure of transmission, distribution, and storing of generated energy. With the increased use of renewable energy across the globe, energy storage (ES) systems have started to play a prominent role in shaping the future of the ES market. However, because of the uneven distribution of the renewable energy throughout the world, more emphasis must be made to the integration of power grids with the ES devices to utilize the excess power more effectively. In this paper, a study is performed regarding the integration of a hybrid system, consisting of a lithium-ion battery (LIB) and superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), into an interconnected microgrid operation. The structure of a microgrid is explained by analyzing the selected battery (LIB) and voltage source converter (VSC)-based SMES unit via MATLAB & Simulink. Finally, the voltage waveforms are compared and discussed in detail.
[en] The use of a low-power solar network and standalone power plants is the most promising for the needs of the housing and utilities sector, small industrial enterprises, social and public health facilities, recreation areas, remote objects, and agricultural industries; this will make it possible to reduce the load on the energy system at peak moments, as well as to decrease losses when transporting electric energy in its elements. It is assumed that the minimum value of the unit cost of generated electric energy is used as the criterion for configuring and selecting the parameters of solar power equipment, which will make it possible to set up an economically feasible additional power supply to the consumer, since it excludes the use of storage devices and rearrangement of the power supply system.
[en] A brief summary of data collection and the creation of an actinometric database necessary for estimation of the solar energy potential of the Republic of Uzbekistan is provided. The results of the processing of four-year data from six meteorological stations of the Republic are presented in a graph form.
[en] Computational and design studies of the arrangement of an autonomous power unit with a nuclear reaction in a sparsely populated location characterized by weak soil are presented. A variant of a possible arrangement of the reactor taking account of the requirements of the facility is shown. The radioactive emission around the reactor and the distribution of heat emission in the soil, for picking and determining the number of cooling elements, are calculated. A technical solution that provides for the installation of a nuclear reactor in soft ground is proposed.
[en] This paper studies the experimental and exergy analysis of solar still with the sand heat energy storage system. The cumulative yield from solar still with and without energy storage material is found to be 3.3 and 1.89 kg/m2, respectively for 8-h operation. Results show that the exergy efficiency of the system is higher with the least water depth of 0.02 m (mw = 20 kg). Competitive analysis of second law efficiency shows that the exergy efficiency improves the system by 30% than conventional single slope solar still without any heat storage. The maximum exergy efficiency with energy storage material is found as 13.2% and it is less than the conventional solar still without any material inside the basin.
[en] In Newtonian fluid dynamics simulations in which composition has been tracked by a nuclear reaction network, energy generation due to composition changes has generally been handled as a separate source term in the energy equation. Here, a relativistic equation in conservative form for total fluid energy, obtained from the spacetime divergence of the stress-energy tensor, in principle encompasses such energy generation; but it is not explicitly manifest. An alternative relativistic energy equation in conservative form—in which the nuclear energy generation appears explicitly, and that reduces directly to the Newtonian internal+kinetic energy in the appropriate limit—emerges naturally and self-consistently from the difference of the equation for total fluid energy and the equation for baryon number conservation multiplied by the average baryon mass m, when m is expressed in terms of contributions from the nuclear species in the fluid, and allowed to be mutable.
[en] The ground-state properties of nuclei with 8 Z 120 from the proton drip line to the neutron drip line have been investigated using the relativistic continuum Hartree-Bogoliubov (RCHB) theory with the relativistic density functional PC-PK1. With the effects of the continuum included, there are totally 9035 nuclei predicted to be bound, which largely extends the existing nuclear landscapes predicted with other methods. The calculated binding energies, separation energies, neutron and proton Fermi surfaces, root-mean-square (rms) radii of neutron, proton, matter, and charge distributions, ground-state spins and parities are tabulated. The extension of the nuclear landscape obtained with RCHB is discussed in detail, in particular for the neutron-rich side, in comparison with the relativistic mean field calculations without pairing correlations and also other predicted landscapes. Here, it is found that the coupling between the bound states and the continuum due to the pairing correlations plays an essential role in extending the nuclear landscape. The systematics of the separation energies, radii, densities, potentials and pairing energies of the RCHB calculations are also discussed. In addition, the α-decay energies and proton emitters based on the RCHB calculations are investigated.
[en] In designing generating solar-engineering devices, the first priority is the predesign study of the potential of local resources of solar energy at the places where they may be located. Currently, actinometric information is obtained in several ways. They include direct measurement of solar-radiation characteristics at meteorological stations or from satellites and analytical methods for calculating intensity of solar radiation. Despite the significant number of sources of actinometric information, it seems impossible to evaluate the potential of incoming solar energy in the region, to substantiate the composition and parameters of solar-power-plant equipment, and to predict its operation at the initial stage. Using the example of the town of Kamyshin in Volgograd oblast, the sufficiency of required actinometric information is analyzed for further solar-engineering calculations and the data accuracy and limits of their applicability are estimated.