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[en] Factors affecting Nuclear adoption: 1. Social Acceptance / Risk perception; 2. “Decision to Commissioning” time; 3. Implementation Risk; 4. Load Following capabilities 5.; Decentralization
[en] Examples of partnerships from IRENA: - Global Geothermal Alliance; - SIDS Lighthouses Initiative; - Open Solar Contracts; - Long-Term Energy Scenarios for the Clean Energy Transition; - Coalition for Action.
[en] The world needs energy to support everyday life and drive human and economic development. In 2019, over 26 000 terawatt-hours of electricity were produced worldwide. This electricity is being produced by a range of energy sources, mostly fossil fuels but also nuclear power and renewables such as solar, hydro and wind. Energy production and use are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions around the world. As greenhouse gases are a driving force behind climate change, countries worldwide are actively working on a clean energy transition by changing how energy is produced. Here’s a closer look at the clean energy transition and what role nuclear power plays.
[en] Science provides a clear and objective case that nuclear energy should be the primary replacement for carbon fuels and that “renewables” are not sufficient. A viable energy source needs to be stable and to provide controllable energy, whenever and wherever required. The science of energy is well established, and it places available sources in three clear categories widely separated in potency: pre-industrial, chemical, and nuclear. There have been three corresponding critical turning points in human history: the adoption of pre-industrial sources, the Industrial Revolution, and today, the need to go carbon-free. At this point excluding fossil fuels and reverting to the pre-industrial energy regime is not an option that is compatible with social and economic stability – “renewables are not a viable main primary source of energy. The only option is nuclear with its million-fold superiority in energy density, inherent physical control and natural biological radiation safety: the scientific reasons for each of these are given. However, the public are largely unaware of these. Indeed, in the past the truth has often been misrepresented for political reasons. Today to establish the dominant use of nuclear energy the greatest challenge is educational, to provide a proper positive image of nuclear science in schools and the media, and to overturn much of the precautionary culture of the past 70 years. Global climate change is a far greater threat than nuclear energy ever was. (author)
[en] At the Paris Conference on Climate Change, the world community set itself the most important task – to prevent the annual increase in average air temperature by more than 1.5 ºC since otherwise our planet will be on the verge of a global catastrophe. The key mechanism for accomplishing this task is the development of environmentally friendly energy sources, to which the UN includes both the renewable energy sources, such as wind or sunlight, and nuclear energy. In view of this, the international experts stress that nuclear power should play a major role in solving climate problems and protecting the environment.
[en] The ability to build a dialogue with stakeholders in a way that broad and ambitious goals and objectives are perceived positively by the key stakeholders, mainly by public, is becoming an indicator of the professionalism – the competence of a business company. This is particularly relevant in the case of enterprise activities which impact the environment and implement knowledge-based, skill and technology intensive programs. There is a case of creation and functioning of the ROSATOM Public Council to provide informal approach for organizing discussion between the Corporation and the public. In 2017 -2018 the ROSATOM Public Council initiated project “Green square” on forming public expert environmental community in the regions where major facilities of the ROSATOM are located. Main topics for discussions were the following: Value of nuclear energy for overcoming ecological limitations of economic development and legislative aspects of nuclear energy development/ Potential of the development of the renewable sources of energy in the nuclear regions/ Environmental education projects to promote the subject of carbon-free energy (interactive educational games, quests, internet platforms, multimedia technologies) / Role of regional experts in their work with the media/ Public Perception study on nuclear and renewable energy and the concept of “Green square”. Creating the possibilities for the formation and self-development of concerned and skilled citizens, the ROSATOM Public Council facilitates building the qualified public dialogue on aspects of the development of nuclear technologies including their role in solving the problem of climate change. (author)
[en] At the Paris Conference on Climate Change, the world community set itself the most important task – to prevent the annual increase in average air temperature by more than 1.5 °C since otherwise our planet will be on the verge of a global catastrophe. The key mechanism for accomplishing this task is the development of environmentally friendly energy sources, to which the UN includes both the renewable energy sources, such as wind or sunlight, and nuclear energy. In view of this, the international experts stress that nuclear power should play a major role in solving climate problems and protecting the environment. (author)
[en] A web-based survey has been developed to assess the public opinion regarding the national energy strategy and the possible implementation of a nuclear power program in Lebanon. The engineers in northern Lebanon were selected as a target group for this study. The survey indicates that solar energy is perceived by the majority of Lebanese as an alternative to thermal plants to meet the climate change commitments, while only 6% are supporting strongly the nuclear energy as an alternative, however, 55% believe that nuclear solution is more suitable in future and the nuclear programs in neighbouring countries might have a positive influence on their position regarding a nuclear power program. The internet and social media are the dominant sources of information that influence their energy knowledge and attitudes, while 77% indicate that the school curricula are not containing either information about nuclear energy or principles of nuclear medicine and radiation protection for the necessary daily life knowledge. The results reveal the strong need of nuclear knowledge based on education, outreach programs and effective roles of media if Lebanon will consider a nuclear power program in future. (author)
[en] Despite South Africa being the leading producer and distributor of electricity on the African continent, the country has encountered some challenges in the past eleven years with regards to the supply of uninterrupted electricity. Between February and March 2019, South Africa experienced one of the worst, unprecedented power crisis since 2008, with rotational load-shedding reaching up to stage 4 to ease about 4000 MW from the national grid. Stage 4 load shedding involves intermittent rotational power cuts, three times per day for two hours at a time, or twice a day for four hours at a time. The history and challenges related to the energy crisis in South Africa and its associated impacts as observed over the past eleven years are well documented. These challenges are generic and are likely to continue unless notable alternative energy sources which are environmentally friendly, such as hydroelectricity and nuclear energy (nuclear power generation), are fully explored. Effects of paleoclimatic changes on the Zambezi River Basin (ZRB) and implications to the Cahora Bassa hydroelectricity generation is presented in this paper, based on preliminary field investigations. Additionally, a brief overview of the nuclear power generation and other renewable new-build power generation programmes, as outlined in the draft Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) of 2018 are provided. Although the planned programmes are likely to ease pressure on the continuously growing energy demand in South Africa, consideration should be given to the effects of climatic changes so that effective mitigation measures can be put in place.
[en] The participation of renewables sources of energy in the Brazilian Energy generation mix is among the highest in the world. The Brazilian government has been striving to develop clean energy generation projects and to diversify the electricity matrix, which is strongly dependent of hydropower. This paper gives an overview of recent activities aimed at the development of nuclear power as effective option for collaborate with the diversification of the Brazilian energy mix, mitigate the impacts from climate change and democratize the population's access to electricity throughout a continental country territory.