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[en] The main topics covered by the Conference are: possibility of controlled fusion and status of the research programmes in different countries (USSR, Germany, USA, UK); theoretical aspects of plasma physics; experimental aspects of plasma physics
[en] The first part of this paper is a discussion of the magnetic acceleration of plasma. The second part contains a description of some experiments which have been performed. In the work reported the intention is: 1. To produce a burst of gas in vacuo; 2. To ionize the gas and heat it to such an extent that it becomes a good electrical conductor. 3. To accelerate the plasma thus produced into vacuum by the use of external time-varying magnetic fields
[en] The results of the experimental study of a pulse discharge between two electrodes in a straight tube in the presence of a longitudinal magnetic field are presented in this paper. The following conclusions may be made, based on the experimental material: 1. In straight gas discharge tubes when the distance between the electrodes exceeds the tube diameter appreciably and also in the absence of a coaxial damping conductor, the discharge column in a longitudinal magnetic field can be stable for more than a thousand microseconds. 2. After the breakdown, the region occupied by the discharge expands and the rate of this expansion increases with increase in the derivative of the current and decreases with increase in the intensity of the longitudinal magnetic field. 3. At large H0/Hφ ratios, the discharge column does not reach the walls and remains stable while the current flows. 4. If the condition for H0/Hφ is not satisfied, the discharge fills the whole tube volume and the stability fails. 5. The ionization in the stable plasma column exceeds 20 per cent. 6. The longitudinal field within the plasma column increases up to the value sufficient to ensure equality in the magnetic pressures (neglecting the insignificant pressure of the plasma heated to 10-100 eV)
[en] More than 2100 papers were submitted by the Governments, specialized agencies, and the International Atomic Energy Agency, which participated in the Second United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, held at Geneva in September 1958. These papers together with the records of the sessions have been published, in English, in a series of thirty-two volumes which constitute the official Proceedings of the Conference. The United Nations has also published abbreviated French and Spanish editions of the Proceedings which total thirteen volumes in each edition. They consist of all the Conference papers in the language of the edition, the complete text of the orally presented papers, the complete text of the one hundred and nine thermonuclear fusion papers, additional selected papers, and the records of the sessions. A similar abbreviated edition is being published in Russian by the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. A list of the titles and prices of the volumes in each of the editions published by the United Nations is included in this volume, which is the index volume of the Proceedings. Prices are quoted in US dollars, but the volumes may be purchased in any national currency. This volume also includes, for the English edition only, a subject index, a numerical index, an author index and a list of errata. The numerical index, which was prepared by the United Nations Headquarters Library, lists the individual papers of the Proceedings serially, omitting the numbers of those papers which were withdrawn by Governments before the Conference. The arrangement of the index is self-explanatory except for the use of the letters F, R or S which appear in parentheses following some of the titles. These letters indicate the existence of a published version of the paper in French, Russian or Spanish. French and Spanish texts may be found in the corresponding series given in the list of volumes. In both editions, Volume 1 contains, as Annex 3, a complete numerical list of papers with volume numbers. Russian texts appear in the publication of the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics mentioned above. The author index was also prepared by the United Nations Headquarters Library. Again, the arrangement is self-explanatory except for some possible confusion concerning the spelling of the names of Russian authors. There are in the Proceedings a number of inconsistencies in the transliteration of these names. In such cases, the names are entered in the index in the form in which they appear in the volume concerned, followed by the corrected version enclosed in brackets. Where the corrected version is substantially different from the spelling originally used, or where it does not fall alphabetically adjacent to the original entry, the corrected version is also entered separately in its proper alphabetical place. A number of technical and typographical errors have been noted in the thirty-two substantive volumes of the Proceedings. Those called to the attention of the editor prior to the publication of this index volume are listed in the errata in the final section of this volume
[en] Uses of radiation in industry are among the most effective ways in which atomic energy can help economic development. The benefits to industry, which are already substantial, have so far been mostly derived from the application of radioisotopes and other small sources of radiation as tools of scientific investigation, detection, measurement or control. The use of radiation as a direct agent in initiating industrial processes, which has now become possible with the availability of large radiation sources, will perhaps result in ever greater and wider development. Work in this new field of research and development has already been undertaken in some countries and a beginning is being made in many others. In view of a widely felt need for an exchange of information and views on the new techniques and results, the International Atomic Energy Agency organized a conference at Warsaw in September 1959 on the Application of Large Radiation Sources in Industry and Especially to Chemical Processes. This was the first international scientific meeting at which the whole subject was reviewed in detail.