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[en] Two different models allowing the calculation of reaction products are confronted with data from α-particle induced reactions. Both models contain a pre-equilibrium part and an equilibrium or compound nucleus part. The models are the exciton model in form of a code written by the author and TALYS. The other model is the intranuclear cascade model in form of the Liege-Saclay formulation incorporated in the PHITS code. The data are angleintegrated proton spectra from reactions with α-particle energies below 720 MeV and excitation functions from multi neutron emission with α-particle energies below 200 MeV.
[en] We discuss our present understanding of the incomplete fusion (ICF) reaction dynamics, the excitation function of six evaporation residues (ERs) have been measured in 16O + 156Gd reaction at projectile energy range, E/A ~ 4.3-6.3 MeV/Nucleon. Some of the ERs are produced directly and indirectly (i.e. through pre-cursor), the pre-cursor contributions have been separated out from the measured cumulative cross-section with the help of Cavinato et al.1. After correcting the pre-cursor contribution, the independent yield has been compared with the statistical model code PACE-22, which describes the fusion reaction cross section. In order to optimize the parameter of the code PACE-2 that reproduces the cross section of all the complete fusion (CF) channels like xn and /or pxn-channels. Using the same set of input parameters, cross section of the ERs populated via incomplete fusion (ICF) channels have been measured. The enhancement in the measured cross section of the ERs populated via ICF channels over the PACE-2 prediction have been measured, which indicates the occurrence of the break-up of projectile 16O into (12C+α) and/or (8Be+2α) leading to ICF reaction dynamics. (author)
[en] The excitation functions of 70Ge(p,n)70As,72Ge(p,n)72As, 74Ge(p,n)74As and 76Ge(p,n)76As reactions were studied from reaction threshold to 30 MeV by using EMPIRE-3.2 and TALYS-1.9 nuclear reaction model codes. This study is important because some isotopes produced are important for positron emission tomography (PET). Direct, pre-compound and compound nuclear reactions are considered as main nuclear reaction mechanisms in the codes. The calculated excitation functions have been compared with available experimental data and found to be in fair agreement. Furthermore, the contributions of various reaction mechanisms have been studied in total reaction cross-section that varies with the incident proton energy. The estimation of induced radio activity in thick Ge target due to the primary interaction is carried out for 1μA, 30 MeV proton beam. (author)