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[en] In the last decades the use of satellite images and remote sensing for agricultural activities has increased to encompass factors such as plant growth or biomass. However, satellite images may not be available for all regions or during all seasons (cloud cover) and precision agriculture requires smaller resolutions for mapping small elements as for example trees or smaller crops. The application of multispectral cameras mounted on UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) is therefore a new and fast developing market and methodology. In order to explore its opportunities a training course on the use of UAVs and multispectral camera systems in agriculture was organized for the staff of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture in Vienna, Seibersdorf from 23-27 September 2019. The course was led by Mr Erik de Badts (Micasense) but included several guest lecturers from different companies and research facilities. In total six staff members from the SWMCN laboratory and section participated. The course provided insights into the different UAVs available, camera systems, software and data processing programmes. IAEA staff learnt how to plan a UAV survey and process acquired data.
[en] Summary: • SMR is an attractive option to enhance energy supply security: - In embarking countries with smaller grids, remote areas and the need of non electric applications; - In expanding nuclear countries for facilitating transition to low carbon energy systems. • Innovative SMR designs and concepts have common impediments to address including regulatory and licensing frameworks; • Studies needed to evaluate potential benefits of deploying SMRs in grid systems that contain large percentages of renewable energy. • Studies needed to: develop Generic User Requirements & Criteria, assess Technology Readiness, address manufacturing aspects, and establish a robust supply chain; • IAEA assists Member States in all aspects of SMR development: infrastructure, safety, safeguards, security, economics, and so forth.
[en] Summary: The NEPIO is responsible for the overall coordination of the programme and should ensure the engagement of all important parties - Should include representatives from all relevant ministries and organizations, Establish competent working groups in Phase 1, Evolve in Phases 2 & 3 with NEPIO monitoring progress, coordinating and leading as needed; Strong commitment and support from the government is necessary; NEPIO should be clearly charged at a high level and given necessary authority and resources; Must be able to communicate and interact effectively with all relevant stakeholders.
[en] Summary: INPRO was established 20 years ago following a recommendation from the General Conference; INPRO contributed to better understanding of how nuclear energy can become a sustainable energy option; INPRO created knowledge and tools that can be used to ensure the sustainability of nuclear energy; INPRO Members guide directions, but INPRO s results and tools are available to all IAEA Member States.
[en] INPRO - An IAEA forward looking project that integrates all areas important to the sustainability of nuclear energy. The Future of INPRO: Collaborations and Trends: Analysis Support for Enhanced Nuclear Energy Sustainability (ASENES) - Integrated Tools; Nuclear Energy System Assessments (NESAs) - for SMRs and microreactor studies; INPRO - Energy System Models for Grids; INPRO Schools and Outreach to Universities; Dialogue Forum.
[en] Outline of the presentation: General information about Belarusian NPP project; Status of Belarusian NPP project; Key organizations staff; Responsibilities and functions of NEPIO: at phase 1, phase 2 and phase 3; Positive lessons for other countries: Establishment of a regular high level IDC helps to ensure effective coordination of activities of numerous public agencies and organizations involved in the project; Development of the National Program on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy at the early stage of the nuclear power programme implementation; Development and implementation of the national nuclear power programmes with due consideration of the experience gained by other countries, and active international cooperation based on bilateral inter governmental agreements; Use of relevant IAEA review and assessment missions to identify gaps at early stages of the nuclear power programme development.
[en] Ghana's nuclear programme journey began in the1960 s but was truncated due to political instability. In 2008 the Government established a presidential committee to report on the feasibility of adding nuclear to Ghana's energy mix. Based on the committee's report, the Ghana Nuclear Power Programme Organisation (GNPPO) was formed to oversee the development of the nuclear power programme. Take Away Points: Establishment of the NEPIO at the early stages of the programme is very important; The programme should identify with a technical backbone institution that is able to undertake the technical activities needed to make a knowledgeable commitment; Its important to have a structured and well thought out approach/roadmap for consistency; Early identification and development of management processes for the programme infrastructure development; Involve other Government and non government institutions early in the programme; Its imperative newcomer countries establish a TC programme with the IAEA on behalf of the programme.
[en] The IAEA's International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO) was established in 2000 based on an IAEA General Conference resolution to support efforts leading to long-term sustainable development and deployment of nuclear energy to help meet growing global energy needs in the 21st century. The activities of INPRO are based on an integrated and forward-looking approach that takes into consideration all aspects important to the sustainability of nuclear energy: economics, safety, security, environmental impact, non-proliferation, and effective national and international infrastructure. At this side event the IAEA will mark the 20th anniversary of INPRO and two decades of fostering the movement to create sustainable nuclear energy systems worldwide. Representatives of Member States and the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) will share their experiences with INPRO projects and studies, discuss the impacts on their countries, lessons learned and expectations for the future. The session will provide highlights from INPRO's activities during the past 20 years, including the tools developed and support provided to Member States in nuclear energy sustainability assessments and global nuclear energy scenario modelling. The session will also describe INPRO's vision for the future, in a global setting of changing energy needs and technologies in the 21st century to help ensure that nuclear energy is and remains a sustainable source of energy.
[en] Nuclear Power in Ghana: A country can only adopt Nuclear Energy into its mix if there is a committed long term development plan; Such long term plan was evident when Ghana began its nuclear journey in the 1960's which was truncated; In 2008 the Government established the Adjei Bokoe presidential committee to report on the feasibility of adding nuclear to Ghana's energy mix which has led to Ghana's current nuclear programme Nuclear Power in Ghana. Conclusions: Ghana's Long Term Economic Plan can be realized with the support of a long term, sustainable energy source in the form of nuclear energy; INPRO analytical tools have assisted Ghana in completing some of the Phase 1 infrastructure issues and has resulted in Ghana completing and submitting its Programme Comprehensive Report; Ghana continues to use INPRO analytical tools and would continue to expand studies and assessment using INPRO tools.