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[en] In connection with the development of nanotechnology in the last 15—20 years, the method of molecular layering (ML), created in the middle of the last century in the USSR, has attracted increasing attention. The features of structural-dimensional effects in the products obtained by new chemical nanotechnology and promising directions of their practical application in "core—nanoshell" compositions are considered in the review. In accordance with the synthetic capabilities of the ML method, the functional properties of the "core—nanoshell" type materials are affected by the "monolayer effect" and the substrate shielding effect, as well as the multicomponent nature of the system, and mutual structural coordination effect of the substrate and the build-up nanolayer. The review presents theoretical and experimental data on the application of the observed effects in the creation of shell pigments and fillers, modified sorbents, catalytic membrane reactors, nanodoped ceramic materials, polymers, quartz fibers with adjustable optical characteristics, electrets, etc.
[en] A significant laser-induced piezooptical response in novel CdCl0.5J 0.5 nanolayers is obtained under the influence of laser illumination. The maximal piezo-optic response is observed for off-diagonal piezooptical tensor components. The layered structure allowed to obtain the thin specimens of thickness up to 1 nm with mirror-like surfaces. The observed studies show huge dependence of the piezooptics on the nanolayer thickness and the photoinduced beam power density. The effect is completely reversible. This fact allows proposing a new type of nanomaterials, which have significant benefits with respect to the other types of piezooptical materials (i.e. a possibility to use them in the laser operated devices). (paper)
[en] In the book of abstracts there are the theses of the IX Annual conference of Nanotechnological Society of Russia which took place on the 05.04.2018 in Moscow. The consideration is given to the nanostructured metals and alloys and coatings on their base, nanocomposite polymers. The questions of nanotechnologies use in microelectronics, instrument engineering, fuel-and-energy complex as well as in biotechnology are also discussed
[ru]В сборнике представлены тезисы IX ежегодной конференции Нанотехнологического общества России, проходившей 05.04.2018 в Москве. Рассмотрены наноструктурированные металлы и сплавы и покрытия на их основе, нанокомпозитные полимеры. Обсуждаются вопросы использования нанотехнологий в микроэлектронике, приборостроении, топливно-энергетическом комплексе, а также в биотехнологии
[en] This paper reports on conceptual and experimental work towards the realization of plasmonic surface traps for cold atoms. The trapping mechanism is based on the combination of a repulsive and an attractive potential generated by evanescent light waves that are plasmonically enhanced. The strength of enhancement can be locally manipulated via the thickness of a metal nanolayer deposited on top of a dielectric substrate. Thus, in principle the trapping geometry can be predefined by the metal layer design. We present simulations of a plasmonic lattice potential using a gold grating with sinusoidally modulated thickness. Experimentally, a first plasmonic test structure is presented and characterized. Furthermore, the surface potential landscape is detected by reflecting ultracold atom clouds from the test structure revealing the influence of both evanescent waves. A parameter range is identified where stable traps can be expected. (paper)
[en] The functionalization of fine primary particles by atomic layer deposition (particle ALD) provides for nearly perfect nanothick films to be deposited conformally on both external and internal particle surfaces, including nanoparticle surfaces. Film thickness is easily controlled from several angstroms to nanometers by the number of self-limiting surface reactions that are carried out sequentially. Films can be continuous or semi-continuous. This review starts with a short early history of particle ALD. The discussion includes agitated reactor processing, both atomic and molecular layer deposition (MLD), coating of both inorganic and polymer particles, nanoparticles, and nanotubes. A number of applications are presented, and a path forward, including likely near-term commercial products, is given.
[en] Penetration of vortices into a current-carrying superconducting film is observed for the first time. The distribution of the transport current over the width of the specimen and temperature distribution in the vicinity of the resistive domains are reconstructed experimentally
[en] Based on the Scalapino-Huberman μ* model, the possibility of temporally oscillating structures appearing in a superconducting film under high quasiparticle injection is discussed. The range of parameters in which these structures may occur is also given
[en] Orientation changes in sol-gel derived (40%)Pb(Sc1/2Nb1/2)O3-(60%)PbTiO3 (PSNT(40/60)) thin films on two different kinds of Pt bottom electrodes were investigated. PSNT thin films grown on the Pt/TiO2/SiO2/Si substrate with a high degree of (111) Pt preferred orientation showed predominant (100) orientation while the others on the Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate with a lesser degree of (111) preferred orientation had random orientation. The effects of these two different substrates were show through the crystallographic orientation of the films in correlation with the microstructure and orientation Pt-bottom-electrode
[en] We study the quantum forces that act between two nearby conductors due to electronic tunnelling. We derive an expression for these forces by calculating the flux of momentum arising from the overlap of evanescent electronic fields. Our result is written in terms of the electronic reflection amplitudes of the conductors and it has the same structure as Lifshitz's formula for the electromagnetically mediated Casimir forces. We evaluate the tunnelling force between two semiinfinite conductors and between two thin films separated by an insulating gap. We discuss some applications of our results