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[en] Reflective surfaces are one of the key elements of solar plants to concentrate energy in the receivers of solar thermal electricity plants. Polymeric substrates are being considered as an alternative to the widely used glass mirrors due to their intrinsic and processing advantages, but optimizing both the reflectance and the physical stability of polymeric mirrors still poses technological difficulties. In this work, polymeric surfaces have been functionalized with ceramic thin-films by atomic layer deposition. The characterization and optimization of the parameters involved in the process resulted in surfaces with a reflection index of 97%, turning polymers into a real alternative to glass substrates. The solution we present here can be easily applied in further technological areas where seemingly incompatible combinations of polymeric substrates and ceramic coatings occur
[en] This paper has developed a scattering cancellation technique to achieve illusion and invisibility of inhomogeneous cylinders and spheres. The inhomogeneous cylinders and spheres are modelled as many thin layers of piecewise homogeneous layers. For the two-layer cylindrical and spherical objects with the isotropic coatings, Mie series solutions to the resulting scattered fields are analyzed in the quasistatic limit, and thus geometric and electromagnetic parameters of the coatings are derived to realize the illusion and invisibility of the two-layer cylindrical and spherical objects. Following a further generalization step, the coating parameters are determined for the illusion and invisibility of the inhomogeneous cylinders and spheres composed of N piecewise homogeneous layers. With the proposed method, the electrically small inhomogeneous cylindrical and spherical objects with arbitrary media and conductor core can be hidden, and have illusion images generated by the objects with similar shapes but different electromagnetic parameters and geometric sizes. Numerical results are given to verify correctness and effectiveness of the proposed method. (paper)
[en] Dye-doped hybrid silicate/titanium nanofilms on the glass substrate structures of asymmetrical waveguides were studied by way of laser systems. The threshold, spatial and spectral features of the laser oscillation of genuine and hollow waveguides were determined. The pattern of stimulated radiation included two concurrent processes: single-mode waveguide lasing and lateral small divergence emission. Comparison of the open angle of the lateral beams and grazing angles of the waveguide lasing mode provides an insight into the effect of leaky mode emission followed by Lummer–Gehrcke interference. (paper)
[en] The angular resolutions of the phase-shifted Rugate thin-film filters, the ultra-narrow bandpass filters, and a cutoff filter-combination device are discussed, and the electric field distributions of the filters are compared. The results show that the three transmitting multi-layer thin-film filters can realize the same angular resolution, but the electric field in the cutoff filter-combination device is the lowest. Because a lower electric-field distribution corresponds to a higher laser-induced damage threshold of the thin films, the cutoff filter-combination device may replace the traditional spatial filters in high power laser systems. (paper)
[en] We develop a model based on Fick's law of diffusion as a phenomenological description of the molecular motion, and on the coupled mode theory, to describe single-beam surface relief grating formation in azopolymer thin films. The model allows us to explain the mechanism of spontaneous patterning, and self-organization. It allows us to compute the surface relief profile and its evolution, with good agreement with experiments.
[en] We study the quantum forces that act between two nearby conductors due to electronic tunnelling. We derive an expression for these forces by calculating the flux of momentum arising from the overlap of evanescent electronic fields. Our result is written in terms of the electronic reflection amplitudes of the conductors and it has the same structure as Lifshitz's formula for the electromagnetically mediated Casimir forces. We evaluate the tunnelling force between two semiinfinite conductors and between two thin films separated by an insulating gap. We discuss some applications of our results
[en] We derive a first-principles method of determining the van der Waals or Casimir pressure in a dissipative and dispersive planar multilayered system by calculating the Maxwell stress tensor in a fictitious layer of vacuum, that is eventually made to vanish, introduced in the structure. This is illustrated by calculating the van der Waals pressure in a thin film with dissipative properties embedded between two semi-infinite media.
[en] Penetration of vortices into a current-carrying superconducting film is observed for the first time. The distribution of the transport current over the width of the specimen and temperature distribution in the vicinity of the resistive domains are reconstructed experimentally
[en] We study theoretically the behavior of vortices in a thin film superconductor placed close to a soft magnetic film. It is shown that the field from the vortex induces a magnetization distribution in the soft magnetic film, thus modifying the fields and vortex interactions. We suggest that the interaction between two otherwise identical vortices is attractive at short distances, but repulsive at larger distances. This is in contrast to the case without the soft magnetic film, where the force is always repulsive
[en] Recently, we have reported a magneto-optic angular displacement (MOAD) sensor where both the incident and reflected laser beams pass through a magneto-optic (MO) film. In this letter, we report a modified MOAD sensor where only a reflected laser beam passes through the MO film. With the modified configuration, the modified MOAD sensor is a truly remote sensor such that the MO film can be located close to the detector and far from the sample. Furthermore, the modified sensor system can measure angular displacements with an improved resolution of 1x10-3 deg, which is ten times better than that previously reported