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[en] This paper summarises the work done in India in the field of physics and economics of plutonium utilization. Plutonium recycle was considered in Tarapur Atomic Power Project and Rajasthan Atomic Power Project and the results obtained are presented in this paper. A short description of the plutonium laboratory being constructed in India i s also presented. (author)
[en] The investigation of the thorium fuel cycle (ThFC) is a collaborative INPRO (International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles) activity within its main area on global vision on sustainable nuclear energy for the 21st century. The current publication reports on the sustainability of nuclear power by re-examining the potential of thorium-based fuel cycles to support future large scale deployment of nuclear energy systems by increasing the availability of nuclear material. Special attention is paid to the thorium fuel cycle from the point of view of economics and proliferation resistance.
[en] In this meeting we will continue the established tradition to inform each other about the most important achievements of both projects and results of activities identified on last meeting which include areas of Proliferation Resistance, Economics, Safety, and Non-electric applications. We are also expecting discussion of new areas of potential cooperation such as Modelling and Simulation, SMRs, Institutional innovations, Advanced fuel cycles including Thorium, advanced materials, and Education and Training.
[en] Summary: • Development of the next version of G4ECONS is progressing well; • Comparable results obtained from the benchmarking of G4ECONS, HEEP and H2A for hydrogen production; • Completed benchmarking G4ECONS with NEST in collaboration with IAEA: –Once-through SCWR; – Two fast reactors with closed fuel cycle.
[en] The report summarizes the results of discussions at the Consultants' Meeting on Assessment of Nuclear Data Needs for Thorium and other Advanced Cycles. The requirements to the nuclear data for power systems with Th-U fuel cycles are reviewed and updated. The meeting participants recommended to the IAEA Nuclear Data Section to organize the Co-ordinated Research Project 'Nuclear Data for Thorium-Uranium Fuel Cycle' to co-ordinate the activity on national programmes for improvement of the data in accordance with the new requirements. (author)
[en] Full text: Over millennia, Man has developed technology, and this technology has made possible a great increase in population, which in return finds technology indispensable. The progress in technology has been accompanied by a depletion in natural resource and pollution. The doubling of the population required l,650 years from the Year AD One, but now takes a mere 45 years. Consumption-based economies in modern times also mean that each person consumes ever so many things in order to live, and massive production and distribution networks lead inevitably to pollution and environmental devastation. The future of mankind is in jeopardy and nature has only a limited capacity to absorb and handle this extra burden of pollution. Fortunately, nuclear energy can be deployed to mitigate and even to reverse the global trend toward destruction of the environment. Issues are addressed under the headings of what is known, what should be done now and for the future. Our first priority should be training of manpower to make effective use of the nuclear knowledge which is already abundantly available. Secondly we must push for research and development in all phases of the nuclear program. Our third priority must be to develop a desalination reactor and to produce cheap and abundant nuclear hydrogen and confront the environmental issue with a high-temperature reactor. IAEA's INPRO and U.S.-led Gen lV programs together with associated fuel cycle schemes must be encouraged with a view towards eventually developing economic, reliable and proliferation-resistant reactors and fuels. Finally, the nuclear community must strive to develop a commercial transmutation reactor to incinerate long-lived radioactive nuclides. (author)
[en] The Plutonium Utilization Program (PUP) of the USAEC is being carried out by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory of Battelle Memorial Institute. The basic mission of the program has been to develop the- base technology necessary for the implementation of plutonium recycle in commercial power reactors. Hie program scope has been quite broad in the past, including plutonium fuels development, chemical reprocessing studies, physics of plutonium-enriched systems, and technical and economic optimization studies of plutonium-enriched reactors. More recently, the major efforts have been directed toward solving the immediate problems of utilizing plutonium as enrichment in refueling cycles in the present generation of H2O moderated and cooled power reactors. This report summarizes the current and planned program activities. Another report prepared for the panel meeting ''Results from USAEC Plutonium Utilization Program Conducted by Battelle-Northwest'' presents detailed results and conclusions from the programs and therefore these will not be presented here. The major emphasis of the program are on physics and fuels developments.
[en] Conclusion: • GIF Cost Estimating Methodology is available for use by all GIF projects. • Training for users is available at varying levels of detail. • The EMWG continues to monitor Methodology applications. • Small scale activities on additional GEN IV related case studies.
[en] EMWG - Plans for the future: - Continue improvements to G4ECONS v3.0; - Seek feedback from SSCs using survey questionnaire; - Discuss and agree on further collaboration with IAEA; - Publication of work on benchmarking; - Monitor use of the methodology and seek feedback; - Maintain watch on international activities on nuclear economics.