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[en] The author gives a broad picture of the development of nuclear power and industry in the world. He analyzes the evolution history of nuclear technologies in the USA and in the USSR. It also considers the present-day state of nuclear power. The author emphasized that achieving the full-scale evolution level of nuclear power capable to cope with the socio-economic and ecological issues faced by humankind requires a basically new evolution concept for all fields of nuclear industry
[ru]Автор дает широкую картину развития атомной энергетики и промышленности в мире. Он анализирует историю развития ядерных технологий в США и в СССР. Также рассматривается современное состояние ядерной энергетики. Автор подчеркивает, что достижение полномасштабного уровня эволюции ядерной энергетики, способной справиться с социально-экономическими и экологическими проблемами, с которыми сталкивается человечество, требует принципиально новой концепции эволюции для всех областей ядерной отрасли
[en] Existing NESs, which are mainly based on TRs operating in a once through cycle, will continue to represent the main contribution to nuclear energy production for at least several decades. As many national and international studies have shown, major innovations in reactor and NFC technologies are needed in order to achieve sustainable nuclear energy development. New reactors, nuclear fuels and fuel cycle technologies are under development and are being demonstrated worldwide. In these conditions, the evaluation of the status, prospects, benefits and risks associated with innovative technologies is very important. The results of such an evaluation could be useful not only for countries engaged in nuclear power development, but also for newcomer countries evaluating their potential to start a nuclear programme. This case study, performed by the team of Romanian experts from RATEN ICN Pitesti, proposes to apply the KIND approach to evaluate evolutionary and INES technologies comparatively, based on specific KIs. The analyses performed address the status, prospects, benefits and risks related to the development of these technologies, taking into consideration country specifics. The general and specific goals of the case study are in agreement with the KIND objectives.
[en] China NPPs Development Plan: Improving the utilization rate of uranium resources and disposing of spent fuel are two major problems in the development of nuclear energy. Developing fast reactors and their closed fuel cycles are important options for the sustainable development of nuclear energy in China.
[en] This book proposes a comprehensive overview of the technology of pressurized water reactors since its origin in the USA (creation of atomic engines for naval propulsion) until the last developments in the field of civilian energy production, notably in France with the 58 reactors operated by EDF, and the EPR. After a presentation of this history (first naval reactors in the USA, France and USSR, reactors in the USA, Belgium, Italy, England, USSR, France, history and technology of plutonium recycling, description of the EPR), the different chapters propose detailed presentations of the different parts and components: the reactor building and the related buildings, the primary circuit (design, secondary heating, temperature, pressure, flow rate, core thermal power, chemistry, activity, pumps, pressurizer, steam generators, regulation), the vessel and its components, the core and the reactor fuel, the secondary circuit, the other main circuits (volume and chemical control, water and boron supply, cooling of the stopped reactor, safety injection, intermediate cooling, nuclear sampling, steam, atmospheric discharge, water supply and emergency supply for the team generators, enclosure spraying, pool refrigeration, effluent processing, venting, depression generation, demineralized water production, iced water, compressed air, control command system), and the turbo-generator unit and electricity production
[en] This paper presents the schematic diagrams of a two-component nuclear power system, it also briefly describes the main tasks and prospects for their implementation in time
[ru]В настоящей статье представлены принципиальные схемы моделей организации двухкомпонентной ядерно-энергетической системы, кратко описаны их основные задачи и перспективы реализации во времени