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[en] The approach used in the United States for license renewal (plant operation to 60 years) and subsequent license renewal (plant operation to 80 years) is implemented within a structured regulatory framework that includes regulatory process ''essential elements'' which are integrated to ensure continued safe plant operation. This integrated approach was evaluated by an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Integrated Regulatory Review Service mission in 2010, in part using the IAEA Periodic Safety Review for comparison. This mission identified only one suggestion related to license renewal: the NRC should incorporate lessons learned from Periodic Safety Reviews performed in other countries as an input to the NRC’s assessment processes. For international regulatory frameworks that do not include these regulatory process ''essential elements'' or similar provisions, use of the license renewal approach followed in the United States may necessitate enhancement of the framework to include activities which achieve similar objectives, in order to ensure continued safe long term plant operation. (author)
[en] Outline: • Initial Licensing First 40 years of operation; • First License Renewal 40-60 years of operation; • Subsequent License Renewal 60-80 years of operation; • International Activities
[en] Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) are gaining recognition among policymakers and industry players as a promising nuclear technology. SMRs can be defined as nuclear reactors with a power output between 10 MWe and 300 MWe that incorporate by design higher modularization, standardisation and factory-based construction levels enabling more predictable delivery models based on the economies of series. Today, more than 50 concepts are under development covering a wide range of technology approaches and maturity levels. The value proposition of the SMR technology also includes potential financing and system integration benefits. These attractive features, however, rely on a business case that requires the development of a global SMR market to become economically viable. Large-scale deployment of SMRs faces several technical, economic, regulatory and supply chain challenges and will need considerable governmental efforts and efficient international collaborative frameworks to be realised in the next decade.
[en] The NRC is strategically transforming and modernizing to prepare for safe deployment of Avanced Reactors. NRC's implementation action plans are ensuring readiness in important strategic areas. Leveraging flexible review strategies with safety focus: Core Review Team Approach; Robust pre-application engagement program; Regulatory Review Roadmap. Enhancing access to information to improve transparency and increase engagement.
[en] Some lessons learnt: FANR has gone from TSO dependence to independence of TSO support in licensing and inspection; FANR developed Emirati capacities and expertise in nuclear safety, security, safeguards, radiation protection and emergency preparedness; Established early on IMS to support the staff in doing things the 'FANR way'; Implemented efficiency gains based on lessons learnt from licensing of unit I to licensing of unit 2; FANR licensing has authorized regulated activities on a time line and in a manner that is consistent with the readiness and needs of the owner/operator as it has progressed through siting, construction, receipt of nuclear material, and finally to operations. Some concluding remark: Importance of having a strong national strategy in place before embarking on establishing the nuclear program and its regulatory infrastructure.; The development of the legal, regulatory and support infrastructure to follow a project management approach tuned to the NPP development plan.; The adaptation of the regulatory framework to country specific conditions, and that technical and regulatory competence are built in the country.; Continuing dialogue and coordination with the implementer needed throughout the development, as well as transparency towards the public and international community.
[en] In Germany, after the necessary licence has been granted, nuclear installations are subject to continuous regulatory supervision, in accordance with the Atomic Energy Act and associated ordinances, over their entire lifetime from the start of construction to the end of decommissioning. This supervision is performed by the nuclear licensing and supervisory authorities of the Länder (federal states) on behalf of the Federation. As in licensing, the supreme objective of regulatory supervision of nuclear installations is to protect the public and the people working in these installations against the risks associated with the operation of the installations. In the following, examples are taken from the regulatory supervision of nuclear power plants in the Land Baden-Württemberg to illustrate practiced aspects of integrated safety assessment (systematic and periodically repeated organization of results from regulatory functions with feedback information provided to the authorized party). The processes are described in a supervision manual.
[en] Content:: - AREVA Aging Management Services and Concepts; - Concepts on Obsolescence and Spare Part Management; - AREVAs Pro Active Component Employment (PACE); - Cross Qualification between different Licensing Codes: • Environmental Qualification; • Cross / Delta Qualification; • Commercial Grade Dedication; • Equipment Qualification Database Summary