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[en] The Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has co-ordinated an international initiative to develop a common approach to the preservation of records, knowledge and long-term memory (RK and M), focused on radioactive waste disposals. The work programme has run in two phases, starting in 2011, with the current phase of the project due to be completed in 2018. Preparations for final reporting are now underway. The detailed implementation of an approach to RK and M preservation for any disposal facility will always remain a national decision. However, the NEA project has produced a 'menu' of tools and techniques that can be accessed and adapted to suit national needs. The common source of these menu components will help to ensure that the memory of the repository is kept alive, that messages to future populations can be clearly understood, and that evidence derived from the disposal environment can be properly interpreted. This paper describes the vision for implementation of the RK and M initiative within national programmes. Practical testing of some components of the menu of tools and techniques is currently underway in France, Sweden and USA, with encouraging results. Other disposal facilities, both under development or in planning, are invited to 'road test' the products and provide feedback. Refinement and maintenance of the tools remains important, and the NEA is committed to ensuring the continued accessibility and availability of the project outputs into the future. (authors)
[en] The seminar was held Serpong, on 26 September 2017 as a media to disseminate research and development results in the field of radioactive and non-radioactive waste. The National Seminar on Waste Management Technology XV serves as a medium for exchanging information and experience, a place for scientific discussion, enhancing partnerships between researchers, academics and industry practitioners, sharpening the vision of policy makers and decision-makers, as well as increasing collective awareness of the importance of innovative waste management, reliable, and sustainable and as a form of concern for the environment. This proceeding includes 36 papers from various research results on radioactive, industrial and environmental waste management. Papers are grouped into four groups, namely waste management, disposal, environment, and legislation. The papers came from researchers circles in the BATAN, BAPETEN, and PUSARPEDAL, as well as academics from the University of Indonesia, Gadjah Mada University, Muhamadiyah University Jakarta, and STIKES Binawan.(PPIKSN)
[en] Proposals for a set of provisions for long-term memory and knowledge to be defined for a radioactive waste disposal facility, near surface or deep underground, address two primary motives, related to two ethical principles. The first motive is to prevent future generations from interfering involuntarily with the repository. This requires maintaining awareness of the repository, and addresses the ethical principle of protection of man and environment. The second motive is to provide future generations all the available relevant information which might help them make informed decisions about intentional actions, and assess the consequences. This requires transmitting detailed knowledge of the repository, and addresses the ethical principle of preservation of freedom of action. The set of provisions to be implemented with respect to each of these motives may not be the same. In order to define and assess the set of provisions, it is also useful to identify the various components of the process of transmission of a given message, or set of messages, to future generations. Three sub-processes have been identified: (i) 'memorization', at the producer stage, where a full set of information to be transmitted is identified, organized and expressed; (ii) 'preservation', where the potential durability of records is extended, the preservation conditions are controlled and where the records may be restored, if their status is degraded; (iii) 'access', at the receiver stage, where the receiver has to be notified of the existence of the information, to find it and to interpret it properly. As a failure of transmission to future generations would result from the failure of any of the subprocesses, a minimal set of provisions may be defined from this decomposition. (authors)
[en] Quality Management is a recent phenomenon. This is applied to products or services, with an objective to deliver high quality, reliable, worthy, enduring, product or service. The process is considered to have four main components: quality planning, quality control, quality assurance and quality improvement. Focusing on quality control and quality assurance leads to achieving quality management or ensures that an organization or product is consistent. In this paper, the applicable international standard for learning services and for the organization for education and training (learning service provider) is discussed and also the procedure to implement the management system.
[en] The Korea Electric Power Industry Code (KEPIC) certification program is a system for qualifying the organization in accordance with KEPIC requirements so as to achieve the safety and reliability goals of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). The organizations certified by KEA can perform their appropriate code activities for nuclear safety-related items. KEA is finding its new roles for contributing to safety and reliability of NPPs in operation. It is one of those activities that KEPIC experts are studying a new certification program for repair and replacement organization of NPPs, which has been being operated by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors (NBBI) in USA, but isn’t adopted by Korean nuclear industries. The kick-off meeting of project committee was held on December, 2017 and established the detailed promotion plan.
[en] A study has been made of the availability of human resources and R and D facilities in Science and Technology of the Accelerators - The National Nuclear Power Agency (BATAN-PSTA). This study aims to find out the availability of human resources and facilities existing in the PSTA surveillance results based on data from the National Commission on Accreditation Institution of research and development (KNAPPP). PSTA has implemented management systems R & D institution since the year 2003 up to now according the guidelines of KNAPPP 02: 2007 and reaccreditation have been doing has been updated is valid from May 11, 2017 until 10 may 2020. To start the year 2018 refers to latest Guidelines KNAPPP 02:2017. PSTA has also been accredited by the management system of laboratory/laboratory test of KAN, quality management system certification, certification of management system of safety and occupational health (K3), Environmental management system certification certification of environmental management systems and the latest Security management system certification on July 13, 2018 corresponding SB 009-BATAN: 2010. The study was done by studying the data results of the surveillance KNAPPP on 8-9 May 2018 related human resources and availability of facilities research and development. The conclusions of the study results is the availability of HUMAN RESOURCES and facilities for R & D in the PSTA has fulfilled requirements according the guidelines of KNAPPP 02:2017, but to meet the industrial age 4.0 still needs to be improved. (author)
[en] Andra's approach for memory preservation on the long term is based first on a reference solution, which has been developed and implemented for the Manche disposal facility, the 'Centre de la Manche' (CSM). The reference solution is based on three sets of documents ('passive memory' provisions) and on activities involving the public, the local stakeholders and/or experts ('active memory' provisions). The reference solution is perennial for 6 to 10 centuries. Andra has decided to set a target of keeping the memory of the disposal facility for as long as possible. So, a research program to develop memory provisions for several millennia was launched in 2010. The most important and most promising studies come from scientific realms such as linguistics and semiotics, geology and archaeology, and feedback from surveys on transmission medium and preservation. Other studies are available in different areas, where social sciences and humanities play a prominent role. (authors)
[en] The ANDRA, the French authority for the management of radioactive waste, has launched a competition for architects and artists on how to preserve the memory of a disposal site of nuclear waste. 24 projects have been proposed and 3 have been awarded. The first prize was given to 'Forests' designed by the New Voisins agency, it represents a forest of 80, 30 meter high concrete pillars on top of each an oak tree grows, the pillars are placed all over the disposal site and slowly, as time goes, they will sink into the ground and eventually will form a buried protective shield of the site. The memory of the site is guaranteed for at least 300 years. The second prize was awarded to the 'Good luck' project proposed by Bruno Grasser. It is a protective case containing a corn cob like clay structure made up of 2500 grains, each one representing a time unit: a year. Every year a grain is removed and every 40 years the item kept by the site wardens, is given to the new generation of wardens. The memory will last 2500 years. The third project to receive an award was 'Could in-Could out' work proposed by Alice and David Bertizzolo. This project is made up of thousands of artificial deep-red colored stones, cut in half and whose one half stands at the top of a 1 to 2 meter high metal mast while the other one is buried in the ground. At the beginning the work appears as a large carpet of poppies covering the disposal site. As time passes, the work deteriorates, the half-stones fall and are buried in the ground, turning themselves into a warning message without text targeted for those tempted to dig the disposal site in the future. A skull and cross-bones symbol may be engraved on each stone. (A.C.)