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[en] The contribution comprises analysis that is based on scientific work as a part of participation on the international research project carried out at the University of Prešov in Prešov and Vienna University of Technology entitled 'Detection and Management of Risk Processes in Building Insulation' and numbered SRDA SK-AT-0008-10. Statistical approach with correlations among humidity, time and temperature values in the space between the wall and building insulation uses the set of data obtained during the measurement series as testing using a new technology with equipment that does not influence the environment properties in the space. Therefore such real mapping can bring a real picture of possible condensation as a risk process in the building envelope.
[en] Increasing numbers of galleries, museums and archives are including ink jet printed materials into their collections, and therefore displays. There is evidence that the instability of these prints is such that images can suffer deterioration in print quality or in extreme cases, a loss of information over an extended period of time. This is shorter than the period typically required for perceptible deterioration to occur in many other paper-based artworks. The image stability of prints is affected by a number of factors some of which have already been studied. However the role played by the ink solvent in the loss of image quality has yet to be explored. This paper will outline research being undertaken to investigate the effects of solvent content which may increase/promote the loss in image quality of the hard copy prints when stored or displayed under a range of temperature and humidity conditions.
[en] The data centre at the Galician Institute of High Energy Physics (IGFAE) of the Santiago de Compostela University (USC) is a computing cluster with about 150 nodes and 1250 cores that hosts the LHCb Tiers 2 and 3. In this small data centre, and of course in similar or bigger ones, it is very important to keep optimal conditions of temperature, humidity and pressure. Therefore, it is a necessity to monitor the environment and be able to trigger alarms when operating outside the recommended settings. There are currently many tools and systems developed for data centre monitoring, but until recent years all of them were of commercial nature and expensive. In recent years there has been an increasing interest in the use of technologies based on Arduino due to its open hardware licensing and the low cost of this type of components. In this article we describe the system developed to monitor IGFAE's data centre, which integrates an Arduino controlled sensor network with the Nagios monitoring software. Sensors of several types, temperature, humidity and pressure, are connected to the Arduino board. The Nagios software is in charge of monitoring the various sensors and, with the help of Nagiosgraph, to keep track of the historic data and to produce the plots. An Arduino program, developed in house, provides the Nagios plugin with the readout of one or several sensors depending on the plugin's request. The Nagios plugin for reading the temperature sensors also broadcasts an SNMP trap when the temperature gets out of the allowed operating range.
[en] In this paper, the working principle of static protective clothing and its testing method of quantity of electric charge are introduced, and the influence of temperature and relative humidity on the quantity of electric charge (qe) of static protective clothing is studied by measuring qe of different clothing samples. The result shows that temperature and relative humidity can influence qe of static protective clothing to some extent and the influence of relative humidity is bigger than that of temperature. According to experimental results, the relationship of qe and relative humidity and temperature was analysed, and the safety boundary of quantity of electric charge is discussed. In order to reduce the occurrence of electrostatic accidents and ensure safe production and operation of petrochemical industry, some suggestions on choosing and using of static protective clothing are given for guaranteeing its static protective performance.
[en] The concept of 'calibrated ESEM' - the ability to determine and create the exact conditions within the ESEM required for specimen stability and/or accurate in-situ hydration/dehydration - is an attractive idea. It has the potential to allow true natural state imaging, enhanced analysis and a whole range of new and novel applications. The present work reports on the use of in-situ temperature and humidity sensors to accurately measure and characterise the conditions within an ESEM.
[en] Formaldehyde, as a main indoor pollutant, is a serious hazard for human health. Here the experimental results of dielectric discharge, together with photo-catalysis to treat formaldehyde, were presented. The modified photocatalyst was loaded onto the electrode surface for degradation of formaldehyde in an artificially enclosed room. The effect of catalyst quantity, inlet rate, temperature, humidity and other process variables were examined in order to explore the relative purification factors of plasma cooperated with photo-catalysis. It is found that formaldehyde degradation efficiency is proportional to photo-catalyst quantity, and reciprocal to gas inlet rate and humidity. Experimental results confirm that plasma discharge combined with photo-catalysis can significantly improve the treatment efficiency of formaldehyde compared to a single plasma discharge. This research may form a basis for practical development of an efficient, low-power-cost, and relatively comprehensive indoor pollutant purification system.
[en] Flight like droplet impact with superhydrophobic substrate in conditions favour icing is discussed in this work. Test stand with fast camera and equipment eligible to obtain temperatures and humidity at different ranges, lead to results which can prove, that superhydrophobic surface might be good ice repellent substrate. The influence of air humidity on droplet freezing was confirmed.
[en] We present experimental results on the flow and stability conditions for natural pozzolana, a natural volcanic sand widely used in concrete production. We measured different angles involved in equilibrium conditions for sand piles and relate them to the flux parameters necessary to produce a silo evacuation. We vary some of the geometrical parameters in the silo to inspect the different flux responses of the system. Results are showed as a function of humidity present in the system. In this way, we related critical angles with flux conditions through a silo under different geometric setups and different humidity degrees, thus setting up a basic phase diagram for flux.
[en] A fixed site monitoring station recorded the potential gradient disturbances near to two high voltage power lines during 2008. The full year's results show that the electrical environment downwind of power lines is modified compared to that upwind. Potential gradient disturbance was greater on days when there was rainfall. Humidity was inversely correlated with mean potential gradient when the station was both downwind and upwind of both power lines. Wind speed is weakly correlated with the standard deviation of a 10 minute sample of potential gradient downwind of both power lines, but not upwind. The distributions of mean and standard deviation of potential gradient in 10 minute samples showed that the field was more negative overnight and on days where there was rain, but less variable at night and on dry days. Upwind of the power lines, the average 24 hour trace exhibits the natural background Carnegie curve, with peaks corresponding to increased global thunderstorm activity, while local effects mask this trace when the FSMS is downwind of the power lines. The results show that corona ions can cause potential gradient disturbances downwind of high voltage power lines, most particularly during rain and high humidity, and overnight.
[en] In this paper we will first present the measurement of temperatures on different positions at a diesel-powered car. As a result, several locations are identified as suitable to implement a wireless sensor node powered by thermal energy harvesting. Based on the data gained a thermoelectric generator (TEG) has been selected, and measurements of energy generation have been performed. Further, a complete energy-autonomous wireless sensor node was designed, including the TEG with its mounting bracket, an electronic power management, and a Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) sensor node. Based on temperature differences from -10 K up to 75.3 K occurring in test drives, a low power set up was chosen to achieve a system startup time below 10 minutes and to ensure service even under difficult ambient conditions, like high ambient temperatures or a slow movement of the car in stocking traffic. 2 minutes after starting the engine a power about of 10 mW is available from the chosen TEG, and in peak the power exceeds 1 W. In a 50 minute test drive it was possible to generate 650 J of energy. This information was used to develop the complete system, demonstrating the opportunity to deploy energy-autonomous wireless sensor nodes in a car, e.g. for exhaust gas monitoring. The system is used to gather sensor data, like temperature and humidity, and transmits data successfully via BLE to a prepared main node based on a Raspberry Pi. (paper)