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[en] Twice a year, RTE publishes a forecast study of the electricity supply and demand in continental France for the summer and winter periods. The study is based on the information supplied by electric utilities concerning the expected availability of power generation means and on statistical meteorological models. Safety margins are calculated using thousands of probabilistic scenarios combining various production and consumption situations. This report is the forecast study for the summer of 2020.
[en] Innovative financing and market policies are one way that investment in new build nuclear power plants is becoming more attractive, which may help to pave the way for a clean energy future. Nuclear power — which produces no greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during operation — has been widely recognized by many countries for its important role in reducing GHG emissions and mitigating climate change. Its flexible and continuous stream of energy can also supplement supplies when other energy sources, such as variable renewables like wind or solar are not available.Despite these benefits, one of the biggest challenges with adopting nuclear power is economics. While the economics of nuclear power from today’s fleet remains competitive in many markets, financing a new plant has high up-front capital expenses and requires long-term investment.
[en] Public financing of the infrastructure: the State body builds, owns and operate the infrastructure (eg NPP). It may need to borrow on global sovereign markets to do this. The risks of lenders is the sovereign risk. The project finance (or Public Private Partnership, PPP) way: The NPP is RING FENCED in a single company. This company builds, owns and operate (BOO) the NPP under a concession contract with the State. Equity and debt providers are solely exposed to the NPP.
[en] Advances in materials science and technology are helping to extend the lives of nuclear power plants, so countries can continue reaping their clean energy benefits. Most nuclear power reactors were initially built to have an operating life of between 30 and 40 years. Extending the life of a nuclear power plant involves assessing an existing plant and determining if it can safely, securely and cost-effectively continue operating past its assumed retirement date. When a plant’s life is extended, operations can often continue for an additional 20 to 40 years.
[en] What is PRIS? Authoritative: Data is provided directly from officially nominated data providers from Member States. Comprehensive: Entire history of nuclear power since 1954. Unique: Largest collection of statistical information on NPP operating experience.
[en] Nuclear projects include nuclear power plants, nuclear waste-processing plants, fuel-reprocessing plants, fuel fabrication plants, and nuclear material-mining industries. All of them do release effluents containing radioactive substances in a controlled manner as per design and well within the regulatory specifications, in the normal course of their operations. The quantity of effluents containing radioactive material varies from one type of plant to another. In the order, nuclear power plants and reprocessing facilities have slightly higher rate of annual releases compared to that of all other types of nuclear facilities. According to the latest report of the UNSCEAR, doses of <100 mSv are not significant and cannot be used for cancer risk assessment. The general observation is that the public residing at and around the existing nuclear facilities including power plants are comfortable and have no complaints whatsoever, as far as low-level routine effluent releases or the nonexistent effects are concerned. However, there is a general opposition from the public for setting up of any new nuclear facility at the beginning, citing various reasons including radiation effects due to releases particularly during nuclear emergencies. It takes considerable efforts and time from authorities to convince the public, and work at the proposed plants gets partly delayed due to this
[en] Nuclear power generation has come to be exposed to competition in the deregulated electricity market, and its profits would depend on the market price. Due to its cost structure and technical characteristics, the important markets for nuclear power generation are the wholesale electricity market that trades electric power (kWh value) as energy, the capacity market that trades supply capacity (kW value), and the non-fossil value trading market that trades non-fossil certificate (environmental value). In particular, for nuclear power generation, where the role as a base load power source is emphasized, the income determined by the wholesale power market is important, but looking at overseas cases, the management of nuclear power generation may become extremely severe. (A.O.)
[en] The paper investigates the potential of non-electric application for the future nuclear development in the context of the energy market evolutions in Romania. Based on the current practice of district heating for Cernavoda town the potential to extend the nuclear cogeneration is analysed. The last advances in the material development for the heat transport are considered together with the existence of the heating networks and the interest of different stakeholders. At the same time, the potential of the market for industrial process heating is discussed. The synergy between variable renewables and nuclear is analysed considering hybrid system approach and hydrogen as an energy carrier. All of the applications are analysed in the context of the Small Modular Reactors development in Romania. (author).