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[en] Twice a year, RTE publishes a forecast study of the electricity supply and demand in continental France for the summer and winter periods. The study is based on the information supplied by electric utilities concerning the expected availability of power generation means and on statistical meteorological models. Safety margins are calculated using thousands of probabilistic scenarios combining various production and consumption situations. This report is the forecast study for the summer of 2020.
[en] Public financing of the infrastructure: the State body builds, owns and operate the infrastructure (eg NPP). It may need to borrow on global sovereign markets to do this. The risks of lenders is the sovereign risk. The project finance (or Public Private Partnership, PPP) way: The NPP is RING FENCED in a single company. This company builds, owns and operate (BOO) the NPP under a concession contract with the State. Equity and debt providers are solely exposed to the NPP.
[en] Nuclear projects include nuclear power plants, nuclear waste-processing plants, fuel-reprocessing plants, fuel fabrication plants, and nuclear material-mining industries. All of them do release effluents containing radioactive substances in a controlled manner as per design and well within the regulatory specifications, in the normal course of their operations. The quantity of effluents containing radioactive material varies from one type of plant to another. In the order, nuclear power plants and reprocessing facilities have slightly higher rate of annual releases compared to that of all other types of nuclear facilities. According to the latest report of the UNSCEAR, doses of <100 mSv are not significant and cannot be used for cancer risk assessment. The general observation is that the public residing at and around the existing nuclear facilities including power plants are comfortable and have no complaints whatsoever, as far as low-level routine effluent releases or the nonexistent effects are concerned. However, there is a general opposition from the public for setting up of any new nuclear facility at the beginning, citing various reasons including radiation effects due to releases particularly during nuclear emergencies. It takes considerable efforts and time from authorities to convince the public, and work at the proposed plants gets partly delayed due to this
[en] What is PRIS? Authoritative: Data is provided directly from officially nominated data providers from Member States. Comprehensive: Entire history of nuclear power since 1954. Unique: Largest collection of statistical information on NPP operating experience.
[en] A Clean Energy Ministerial Initiative (CEM): Expanding Outreach in its Second Year: Initiatives under the CEM are country-led and opt-in.The NICE Future initiative is part of a global partnership of countries and organizations exploring the potential for nuclear power uses, innovations, and greater systems integration, to accelerate progress toward clean energy goal. Activities: The initiative focuses its work into action areas that include research and outreach to help countries understand how nuclear can enable their clean energy systems and reimagine the roles of nuclear.
[en] Twice a year, RTE publishes a forecast study of the electricity supply and demand in continental France for the summer and winter periods. The study is based on the information supplied by electric utilities concerning the expected availability of power generation means and on statistical meteorological models. Safety margins are calculated using thousands of probabilistic scenarios combining various production and consumption situations. This report is the forecast study for the winter of 2020-2021. An update of the spring preliminary forecast has been published thereafter in order to take into account the possible impacts of the Covid-19 sanitary crisis on the winter electricity supply and demand.
[en] The organization of the electricity market as we know it today in Europe and in a number of other countries has its intellectual roots in issues of thirty years ago. The first European directive that initiates the opening to competition of the electricity sector in Europe will celebrate this year its twenty-three years. The Electricity Act in the United Kingdom, which dismantles and privatizes the integrated electricity monopoly and establishes a mandatory exchange exchange, will be thirty years this summer. The theoretical sources of this movement are even older: the founding economic work of Paul Joskow and Richard Schmalensee (Joskow, 1983) was published more than thirty-five years ago. Thus, the architecture and organization of our electrical systems in Europe is based on an intellectual landscape of more than a quarter of a century (Mistral, 2019).
[en] All concepts of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) Floating has the potential to return used fuel, reactor facilities and irradiated equipment to the supplier country at the end of its life. Most nuclear supply countries will not receive return of used fuel for permanent storage and disposal. In the legal aspect it is recommended that host states and supplier states explicitly discuss in an agreement that will regulate the operation of the nuclear power plant. The study results show that the choice of approach needs to be planned to prepare for all legal issues that will occur in the future. Two possible technical approaches will emerge, the first, the innovative approach of building, refueling, and commissioning a reactor in the supplier country and then being transferred to the operating country. While second, construction at a location in one supplier country and then transporting complete manufacturing facilities to the country of operation, where it is then loaded with nuclear fuel which is separately transported to the country where it is operating. Both approaches require planning legal aspects to respond to them. (author)
[en] IEA: Nuclear Power in a Clean Energy System: • Failing to invest in nuclear plants would have implications for emissions, costs and energy security. • Strong policy support is needed to secure investment in nuclear. • Electricity markets should value clean energy and energy security attributes of nuclear power. • Licensing processes should support new construction and not lead to project delays and cost increases.