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[en] The workshop program committee developed a concept paper in preparation for the workshop with the following objectives in mind: - Provide the FSC with the possibility to learn from UK stakeholders about their concerns, views, roles and interactions. - Share collected experience and learnings from the FSC based on 20 years of collaboration; - Examine the concrete approaches of stakeholder involvement in the process of decommissioning a nuclear facility in the UK. - Promote a neutral, respectful and learning dialogue on the subject. - Enhance international collaboration on the subject for the long term. The workshop was divided into the following four sessions: 1. Opening remarks, objectives and a presentation by the NDA setting the stage of the workshop? 2. Two separate panels focusing on: - The viewpoint of the non-governmental organisations (NGOs), - The viewpoints of the FSC, and the UK regulators. 3. Open dialogue among all participants, including the FSC and CDLM participants. 4. Summary of the main takeaways and ending with a roundtable discussion. The discussion brought forward a good overview of the current situation in the UK and also reflected the following main issues related to stakeholder involvement in the field of decommissioning: - Trust and confidence are a vital part of engaging stakeholders. Openness and transparency, as well as consistency between involved entities, are key. - The usual top-down approach ('Decide- Announce-Defend') was widely applied in the last century, leaving a feeling of no engagement nor involvement; the partnership approach which followed showed significant improvements, however, in the view of some stakeholders, the UK 'new build' policy has cast a shadow, reversing the improvements achieved in previous years. - Large quantities of consultations ('consultation fatigue') creates frustration and leaves the impression of promoting participation for the purpose of legitimisation. - It is noted that consultation is not equal to engagement. - Stakeholder confidence means a long term engagement and needs to be built and maintained. Long time frames mean that it is challenging to maintain sustainable engagement mechanisms. - Capacity building and youth engagement is a very important aspect. This requires 'future citizens' and multigenerational aspects to engagement. - The geographical context matters and local perspective (project level) is quite different as at the national policy level; different concerns/ interests (national/regional/local). - It is important to include NGOs - their perspectives are important and valued both on a national NGO as well as local site stakeholder group level (which are the most affected). - Better and more sustainable decisions can be reached through stakeholder involvement. - NGOs with different amounts of resources can create an imbalance; dependencies have to be carefully evaluated and the independence of each actor is crucial. - Clarity of expectations and roles is crucial; UK regulators have a clear role regarding environment and society. - Specific/clear communication for different target groups is important, including different channels (disseminating information, local liaison, social media, etc.). - Verifying how information is received and understood (level of scientific depth) provides a challenge for engaging diverse groups of stakeholders. - Engaging and building confidence with stakeholders requires time and have a cost, so there is a need to be focused and deliberate
Official journal of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Law of 6 July 2020 on third-party liability for damage related to a nuclear incident and amending: (1) the Law of 20 April 2009 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remediation of environmental damage, as amended; and (2) the Law of 21 April 1989 on civil liability for defective products, as amended. Official Journal A No. 578 of 9 July 2020
[en] The present law lays down the third-party liability regime for the compensation of nuclear damage caused by a nuclear incident. Any person who claims to have suffered nuclear damage and who has brought proceedings for compensation within the period applicable pursuant to Article 2262 of the Civil Code may amend their claim to take into account any aggravation of the damage, even after the expiry of that period, provided that final judgment has not been entered. The courts of Luxembourg shall have jurisdiction to hear proceedings concerning nuclear damage arising from a nuclear incident provided that such actions involve Luxembourg territory, or residents or persons on Luxembourg territory at the time of the events giving rise to the damage. In the event of a nuclear incident, proceedings concerning civil liability shall be governed by Luxembourg law
[en] In the social conflicts of the Federal Republic of Germany, Protestantism always felt compelled to take a public stand. Particularly in the case of environmental issues, Protestants were under the tension of, on the one hand, representing creation as advocates and, on the other hand, acting as mediators to give space to all positions in the debates. The ambivalent history of nuclear power in the Federal Republic of Germany was such a tense field of debate, especially in the late 1950s and early 1970s, because it was still undecided. Tim Schedel uses historical case studies to convey the Protestant strategy of advocacy mediation through religious language. On this basis, he discusses current concepts of translation of religious language and puts his own conception up for discussion.
[de]In den gesellschaftlichen Konfliktfällen der Bundesrepublik sah sich der Protestantismus stets zu einer öffentlichen Stellungnahme gedrängt. Dabei standen Protestantinnen und Protestanten gerade bei Umweltthemen unter der Spannung, einerseits die Schöpfung anwaltschaftlich zu vertreten und andererseits als vermittelnde Instanz allen Positionen in den Debatten Raum zu geben. Die ambivalente Geschichte der Atomkraft in der Bundesrepublik war gerade in den späten 1950er und frühen 1970er Jahren so ein spannungsreiches, weil noch unentschiedenes Debattenfeld. Tim Schedel vermittelt in historischen Fallstudien die protestantische Strategie einer anwaltschaftlichen Vermittlung durch religiöse Sprache. Ausgehend davon diskutiert er aktuelle Übersetzungskonzepte religiöser Sprache und stellt eine eigene Konzeption zur Disposition.
[en] As of 1 February 2020, the United Kingdom is no longer a member of the European Union (EU), but a "third country" in legal terms. In the Withdrawal Agreement (O.J. L 29 of 31 January 2020), however, the EU and the United Kingdom agreed there would be a transition period up to 31 December 2020, when EU and Euratom rights continued to apply, and whose purpose was to enable an "ambitious" agreement on a new partnership to be concluded. This agreement was particularly to contain a free trade area.
[en] The Finnish national standards for ionizing radiation are maintained by the Radiation Metrology Laboratory (DOS) at Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) in Helsinki. STUK maintains national standards for ionizing radiation in accordance with Finnish legislation (Radiation Act 859/2018). STUK was established in 1958 operating under the Medical Administration as the Department of Radiation Physics with the task of inspecting radiation sources used in hospitals. At the end of 1960’s, STUK became an independent safety authority operating under the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. The national standards for ionizing radiation have been maintained since 1971.
[en] VSL, the Dutch National Metrology Institute (NMI), is situated in the historic town of Delft in The Netherlands. It is appointed by the government to maintain and develop the national measurement standards. VSL provides measurements traceable to internationally accepted standards and contributes to the reliability, quality and innovation of products and processes. VSL’s services are relevant for (inter)national trade, innovation in science, industry, safe and effective healthcare. The VSL dosimetry standards have a long-standing history, originating from the first primary standard developed by one of the founding fathers of the Dutch radiotherapy, Dr. Daniël den Hoed (MD), back in the 1920s at the Antoni van Leeuwenhoekhuis (currently Netherlands Cancer Institute, NKI, in Amsterdam). After WWII, the standard was moved to the Rotterdams Radio-Theraputic Institute (currently Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam), and later to the Dutch institute of public health (RIVM) in Bilthoven.
[en] Switzerland enjoys a long history of exploiting nuclear energy for a significant share of its national electricity needs. Today, four nuclear power units are in operation in Switzerland. They are Beznau-1 and -2 (1969, 1972), Gösgen (1979) and Leibstadt (1984). Their average age is more than 40 years. All the while, nuclear has been a subject of great public interest. The public has had significant influence on the country's nuclear story thanks to the federal nature of the state, which includes direct democracy.
[en] This parliamentary report first recalls the objectives of the French energy policy as they are defined in a decree related to a preliminary dialogue for the PPE and the low-carbon strategy, in terms of mandatory energy savings, and regarding the carbon budget specific to the international transport and the French carbon print. Then, it discusses measures which have been already applied, are about to be applied or foreseen in favour of climate, and notably regarding the shutting down of coal-fired plants, to housing energy performance. The next parts present and comment legal and regulatory measures related to environmental assessment, to the struggle against the fraud on energy saving certificates, to the adaptation of the law to the case of overseas territories, to energy regulation, and to gas and electric power sales regulated prices.
[en] Background: In patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), cardiogenic shock (CS), and multivessel disease (MVD) questions remain unanswered when it comes to intervention on non-culprit arteries. Objective: This article aims to 1) characterize patients with MI, CS and MVD included in the Portuguese Registry on Acute Coronary Syndromes (ProACS); 2) compare different revascularization strategies in the sample; 3) identify predictors of in-hospital mortality among these patients. Methods: Observational retrospective study of patients with MI, CS and MVD included in the ProACS between 2010 and 2018. Two revascularization strategies were compared: complete during the index procedure (group 1); and complete or incomplete during the index hospitalization (groups 2-3). The primary endpoint was a composite of in-hospital death or MI. Statistical significance was defined by a p-value <0.05. Results: We identified 127 patients with MI, CS, and MVD (18.1% in group 1, and 81.9% in groups 2-3), with a mean age of 7012 years, and 92.9% of the sample being diagnosed with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI). The primary endpoint occurred in 47.8% of the patients in group 1 and 37.5% in group 2-3 (p = 0.359). The rates of in-hospital death, recurrent MI, stroke, and major bleeding were also similar. The predictors of in-hospital death in this sample were the presence of left ventricle systolic dysfunction on admission (OR 16.8), right bundle branch block (OR 7.6), and anemia (OR 5.2) (p ≤ 0.02 for both). Conclusions: Among patients with MI, CS, and MVD included in the ProACS, there was no significant difference between complete and incomplete revascularization during the index hospitalization regarding the occurrence of in hospital death or MI. (author)
[en] This legal document contains the different modifications and additional arrangements brought to different articles and chapters of the French Code of Energy in order to integrate and to take into account the development of the use of renewable hydrogen as an energy vector, and thus its production, various characteristics of its transport and distribution (traceability for example), administrative and control aspects