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[en] This report proposes an overview of Orano's practices of subcontracting in all its activities. It addresses the aspects related to the commissioner-supplier relationship, to the industrial policies and purchase process, to abilities and training of external interveners, to the preparation of and support to interventions, and to risk preventions. It also contains remarks made by stakeholders
[en] In a first part, this report presents the legal activity of the French Commission for the Regulation of Energy (CRE): organisation of the legal affairs directorate, statistics of legal activities and contentious appeals. The second part proposes an overview of the situation of important issues and of related actions: regulations of services of management of customers under unique contract, the certification of electric power and natural gas transport network managers (implementation of a new simplified procedure, new challenges), dynamic regulation of energy transition in non interconnected areas, the CORDIS expertise in the field of dispute resolutions. The third part presents syntheses of the main decisions and deliberations
[en] After a brief indication of Orano's operations (mining, uranium conversion and enrichment, used fuel recycling, nuclear packages and services, dismantling and services, engineering), of its objectives and strengths, and an indication of the composition of the Board of Directors and of the Executive Committee, this report proposes an interview of Orano's CEO who outlines the recovery of the company and its ability to perform on the long term, as well as the indispensable role of nuclear energy. Then, after an indication of some key figures and of highlights which occurred between January 2018 and September 2019, some aspects of the activity of more precisely commented. These are recycling with a focus on Asia (development of the FabLab in collaboration with Asian partners), the commitment in favour of a non-profit organization in Mongolia to be a responsible mining player, the move of engineers and cutting-edge technology into the Malvesi site, the role of nuclear energy in the French energy programming, the introduction of a new generation of nuclear packages (for the transportation and storage of used fuel, notably ultra-resistant casks), recruitment actions and policies, the development of services for power stations, the development of a decontamination robot, and the development of the activities of the medical branch with the development of medicines for alpha therapy by Orano Med
[en] The principal activities of EDF Energy Holdings Limited and subsidiaries together during the year continued to be the provision and supply of electricity and gas to commercial, residential and industrial customers, and the generation of electricity through a portfolio of generation assets including nuclear, coal, gas and renewable generation. The Group is also involved in the construction of nuclear new build assets. This document is EDF Energy group annual report for the year 2018. It includes: the Strategic report, the Directors' report, the Directors' responsibilities statement, the independent Auditor's report to the Members of EDF Energy Holdings Limited, the Consolidated income statement, the Consolidated statement of comprehensive income, the Consolidated balance sheet, the Consolidated cash flow statement, the Consolidated statement of changes in equity, the Notes to the consolidated financial statements, the Company balance sheet, the Company statement of changes in equity, and the Notes to the Company financial statements
[en] The Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) is responsible for overseeing nuclear installations in Switzerland. It inspects and monitors the five nuclear power plants: Beznau 1 and 2 (KKB-1 and -2), Muehleberg (KKM), Goesgen (KKG) and Leibstadt (KKL), the interim storage facilities based at each plant, the Central Interim Storage Facility (Zwilag) in Wuerenlingen together with the nuclear installations at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), the University of Basel and the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). Using a combination of inspections, regulatory meetings, checks, analyses and the reporting of the operators of individual facilities, ENSI obtains the required overview of nuclear safety and security in these facilities. It ensures that they are operated as required by law and in compliance with the terms of their operating licences. ENSI’s regulatory responsibilities also include the transport of radioactive materials from and to nuclear facilities, and preparations for a deep geological repository for radioactive waste. ENSI maintains its own emergency organisation, which is an integral part of the national emergency structure that would be activated in the event of a serious incident at a nuclear facility in Switzerland. In this Oversight Report, ENSI performs a separate safety evaluation for each of the 5 Swiss nuclear power plants, for Zwilag and for the nuclear facilities of the PSI, the research reactor of the EPFL and the decommissioned research reactor of the University of Basel, the transport of radioactive materials and the deep geological storage of radioactive waste. Finally, generic issues relevant to all facilities such as probabilistic safety analyses are treated. All five nuclear power plants in Switzerland operated safely during the past year; ENSI concluded that each had adhered to its approved operating conditions. Nuclear safety at all plants in operation was rated as good or satisfactory. In 2018, there were 33 reportable events at the nuclear power plants: 3 events related to KKB-1, and 1 event related to KKB-2; KKM was affected by 4 events, KKG by 13 and KKL by 12. A limited availability of three of the total five divisions with systems for heat dissipation and emergency core cooling in KKL led to a rating of INES-1 on the IAEA international nuclear and radiological event scale. ENSI also assessed an increase in the dose rate in the storage of the water separator in KKL as INES-1. The remaining events were rated as INES-0. ENSI evaluates the safety of each nuclear power plant as part of a systematic safety evaluation. This reflects both reportable events and other findings, in particular the results of inspections. Zwilag consists of several interim storage buildings, a conditioning plant and a plasma plant (incineration/melting plant). At the end of 2018, the cask storage hall contained 64 transport/storage casks with spent fuel assemblies and vitrified residue packages as well as one cask with the fuel assemblies from the shutdown research reactor DIORIT of the PSI and six casks with waste from the decommissioning of the experimental nuclear power plant at Lucens. One campaign to incinerate and melt radioactive waste was carried out in 2018. ENSI recorded no reportable events at Zwilag during the reporting year. The nuclear facilities of the PSI consist of the hot laboratory, the three former research reactors SAPHIR, DIORIT and PROTEUS now in varying phases of decommissioning, the former experimental incineration plant and the facilities for the disposal of radioactive materials. Five reportable events occurred at the PSI nuclear facilities during 2018. One event occurred at the EPFL research reactor. The research reactor at the University of Basel is decommissioned. ENSI concluded that the nuclear facilities at PSI and the research reactor at EPFL had complied with their approved operating conditions. Last year, release of radioactive material into the environment via waste water and exhaust air from all nuclear facilities was significantly below the limits specified in the operating licences. Analyses showed that the maximum dose for persons in the immediate vicinity of a plant was less than one percent of the annual exposure to natural radiation. All transport of radioactive substances took place without any incidents. The site selection procedure for the storage of radioactive waste has been running since 2008. Stage 2 started in 2011 and was concerned with the reduction of potential site areas to at least two site areas for deep geological repositories for low and intermediate level radioactive waste as well as highly radioactive waste. The Federal Council decided that the three site areas: Jura East, Zurich North-East and North of Lägern, should be further investigated. Nagra must present a comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of a combined store relative to two repositories in separate site areas. ENSI and its experts carried out a number of investigations and research work relevant for deep geological repository. A large part of this work was done in the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory. ENSI monitored the state of the art in science and technology in respect of the deep geological storage of radioactive waste by participating in various international programmes.
[en] This activity report first presents the High Committee operation, its missions, its composition, its organisation and operation rules, and its means. Then, it proposes an overview of Committee's activities between 2015 and 2018. These activities related to anomalies detected in the EPR vessel, to works on intentional addition of radioactivity in consumption goods and construction products, to the public participation in relationship with the life extension of 900 MWe reactors beyond forty years, to works on the presentation of the French fuel cycle in 2018, to works on the management of low radioactivity waste management, to plenary sessions, to the High Committee secretary, and to visits and other participations of the Committee
[en] The French Commission for Energy Regulation (CRE) ensures a good functioning of electricity and gas markets for the benefit of final consumers and in compliance with energy policy objectives. After an interview of its chairman, and a brief presentation of the CRE, this activity report proposes an overview of the CRE's commitment in international collaboration in Europe and in the world, provides some key figures regarding electric power production and consumption, gas import and consumption, gas and power residential consumption, gas and power imports and exports, and gross markets in France in 2018. The report proposes an overview of the situation of the consumer in front of energy price increase. Then, it addresses aspects related to technological innovation (new meters, development of self-consumption, anticipation of the deployment of electric vehicles), to the CRE support to energy transition, to the evolution of the gas market, and to projects concerning non-interconnected areas which are good examples of energy transition (notably in overseas territories)
[en] Why neutrons? Neutrons are essential, precious, and powerful. Their unique properties showing the structure and dynamics of materials have led to numerous advances and discoveries in basic materials science and made them an invaluable tool in industrial product development and manufacturing. They are vital to a number of scientific disciplines, including condensed matter, materials research and nuclear physics. In addition, they are essential for materials irradiation testing and the production of materials, especially radioisotopes for industry and medicine. Thus neutrons not only enable scientific advances, but also are crucial to the development of applied technologies, production of materials and nuclear medicine.