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[en] Highlights: • Present day methods deliver new knowledge about socio-ecological past of the lake. • Long term investigation reveals shifting goal setting of restoration over time. • Different, intertwined temporal scales complicate lake restoration endeavors. • Interannual weather variability influences restoration endeavors. • Prevailing understandings influence the anticipated futures of the lake. - Abstract: The history and future of the restoration efforts at the hypereutrophic southern Finnish lake, Tuusulanjärvi, are investigated. The interdisciplinary study is conducted within a modified DPSIR- framework, which allows us to both trace back and envision the future of the dynamics of the complex socio-ecological processes involved in restoration. The study covers the time period from the early 1970s up to 2030. The longitudinal study integrates environmental historical, limnological, and futures studies. The analyses reveal the multiple time scales of social and ecological processes present in long term restoration, the changing perceptions of and emphasis on restoration goals and outcomes over time, and the challenges that incidental and uncertain parameters, such as weather conditions, pose to sustainable and efficient restoration endeavors.
[en] This paper summarizes a number of fatal accidents that occurred in the Chinese construction industry from 2004 to 2016, and more detailed analysis is conducted on the data between 2010 and 2016. The data collected from 2010 to 2016 reveal that 3817 fatal accidents occurred during the construction of buildings and municipal facilities. Analysis is conducted to reveal the reasons of these construction accidents. The number of fatalities and accidents, the types of accidents, the effect of climate factors, the time period distribution of accidents, and provincial distribution are analyzed and compared. The results show that, falling from heights is the main cause of fatal accidents. The number of fatalities and accidents varies sharply across provinces and is closely related to the climate (the same gross output with less accidents in the cold weather areas). Due to annual transferring and traditional Chinese Spring Festival, project schedule is generally arranged less in December, January, and February so that a lower number of accidents are reported in these months. Daily, accidents in the afternoon are higher than that in the morning.
[en] An investigation of 2,6-diphenyl-1,4-benzoquinone (a class of substituted benzoquinones) and its dimer is performed to study the effect the solvents have on the reactivity of semiquinone radicals and their complexes and the courses of their reactions.
[en] Highlights: • LDN is not a social norm and its framing is yet to recognise how people structure their thinking about neutrality issues. • SES-based LDN approach reveals what it means to consider humans as part of nature in the pursuit of LDN. • SES science and practice can inspire progress towards identifying appropriate LDN baselines for tracking change. - Abstract: Viewing humans as drivers of change operating outside the natural environment is unhelpful for defining interventions that effectively manage change and complexity. Indeed, there is now broad agreement that environmental governance needs to consider integrated social-ecological systems (SES) in order to tackle the world’s grand challenges of land degradation. This requires a more differentiated, innovative approach that considers how changes in SES shape the functioning of land systems as a whole, and the synergies and trade-off these changes may produce. In this study, we identify and discuss some of the ways SES science and practice can inspire progress towards land degradation neutrality (LDN) outcomes in an integrated manner, through synthesis of literature and relevant documents related to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). We do these by considering: (i) how LDN has been approached to date and the challenges likely to undermine progress towards achieving it; and (ii) an SES-based LDN approach relevant to the neutrality agenda, in particular, by describing how LDN might be thought of differently through an SES lens. We argue that an SES approach focusing on: (i) “people as part of nature”, not “people and nature”; and (ii) the frame of reference against which neutrality can be assessed across temporal and spatial dimensions, is necessary to both inform policy and guide actions of the different groups involved in avoiding and combating land degradation. Such an (integrated) approach adds a dimension (to achieving neutrality goals) not previously explored in sustainable land management and LDN research. Important next steps in operationalising the SES-based LDN approach involve empirical and field case studies, requiring interdisciplinary, mixed method techniques.
[en] Each system runs with the aim of achieving organisational objectives through the management system. However, even though it has been anticipated in various ways through various kinds of safety engineering approaches, incidents and even severe accidents are still possible to be happen. Management systems with their derivative documents like standard operating procedures are prepared to keep the system operating under normal conditions. However, such management system tools are sometimes cannot be applied in an emergency condition which requires a beyond ordinary action. That action is becoming the scope of resilience engineering in the effort to restore the system into normal conditions and/or to avoid more severe accidents. This article explaining the concepts of resilience engineering, how this concept should be applied together with the management system through the spectrum leadership approach as an effort to anticipate events that possibly can lead to severe accidents. This study shows that the resilience engineering, system management and spectrum leadership are very close correlated and have to be owned by all levels of personnel in the high-risk installation organization. (author)
[en] This section treats of the following legal text: Sixteenth Amendment to the Atomic Energy Act (16. Amendment) of 10 July 2018. The German Bundestag has adopted the following Act: Article 1. Amendment to the Atomic Energy Act: The following Sections 7e to 7g shall be inserted after Section 7d Atomic Energy Act in the version promulgated on 15 July 1985 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1565), as most recently amended by Article 2(2) of the Act of 20 July 2017 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2808): Section 7e - Financial settlement for investments made; Section 7f - Financial settlement for electricity volumes; Section 7g - Administrative procedure; Article 2. Amendment of the Code of Administrative Court Procedure: Section 48(1) Sentence 1 Code of Administrative Court Procedure in the version promulgated on 19 March 1991 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 686), as most recently amended by Article 5(2) of the Act of 8 October 2017 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3536), shall be amended by insertion of the following Number 1a after Number 1: 1a. the merits and amount of financial settlement claims pursuant to Section 7e and Section 7f of the Atomic Energy Act; Article 3. Entry into force: This Act shall enter into force on the day when the European Commission gives its approval under State-aid law or makes a binding declaration to the effect that no such approval shall be required; the Federal Ministry in charge of nuclear safety and radiation protection shall announce the date of the entry into force and do this by means of the Federal Law Gazette.
[en] Highlights: • Assessing scientific and societal impact of a nation-wide project on fish decline. • Financial, conceptual, intellectual and practical contribution of all stakeholders. • Changes of law, by-laws and prompted governmental investments of • Analysis after 13 years after the end of the project. - Abstract: Long-term reviews are necessary to appreciate the full outcomes and impacts of the scientific, societal and policy perspectives of transdisciplinary projects. Here, thirteen years after its completion, we assess the significance of a five-year (1999–2004) Swiss research project. The Fischnetz project aimed to identify the causes of fish catch decline and propose remedial measures. Engineers and scientists from different disciplines collaborated with practitioners and policy makers to approach this real-world problem and develop and implement policy interventions. Fischnetz proved to be an exemplarily successful case of how transgressive and socially robust research can be conducted and result in high-quality scientific outputs and policy impacts. As a result of Fischnetz, The Swiss Federal Water Protection Act was fully revised, two by-laws were changed, and several parliamentary interventions were launched. Fischnetz produced 68 scientific ISI-papers with higher than average citations. In this report, the project setup and its overall outcomes were analysed via a Mode-2 knowledge production approach.
[en] Highlights: • An integrated Estuarine Planning Support System (EPSS) tool is presented. • The EPSS tool is a decision support tool to aid sustainable management. • The EPSS tool incorporates current natural and social science concepts. - Abstract: Estuaries are amongst the most socio-economically and ecologically important environments however, due to competing and conflicting demands, management is often challenging with a complex legislative framework managed by multiple agencies. To facilitate the understanding of this legislative framework, we have developed a GISbased Estuarine Planning Support System tool. The tool integrates the requirements of the relevant legislation and provides a basis for assessing the current environmental state of an estuary as well as informing and assessing new plans to ensure a healthy estuarine state. The tool ensures that the information is easily accessible for regulators, managers, developers and the public. The tool is intended to be adaptable, but is assessed using the Humber Estuary, United Kingdom as a case study area. The successful application of the tool for complex socio-economic and environmental systems demonstrates that the tool can efficiently guide users through the complex requirements needed to support sustainable development.
[en] Highlights: • Development of indicators to support policy formulation to improve urban water security. • Proposes tailored indicators to take into account the specific water security challenges of cities. • Applies a co-production method for indicator design with stakeholder consultation and verification. • Pilots the indicators in two cities–Singapore and Hong Kong. • Presents time series data to identify trends. - Abstract: Water security is widely recognised as an important and increasingly urgent policy challenge. To address this challenge, appropriate indicators are needed to stimulate policy action and measure the effectiveness of interventions. Indicators are more likely to have an impact on policy formulation when they are valid, credible and salient. This paper applies a co-production approach to develop a set of Urban Water Security Indicators which aim to meet these criteria. The approach was piloted in two cities, Singapore and Hong Kong. Data for a 15-year period were collected and stakeholder consultation and validation conducted. The paper reports on the indicator development process and findings, and reflects on the value of the Urban Water Security Indicators as a tool in policy formulation. The approach is being replicated in a larger group of cities as part of an ongoing research programme.