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[en] Each system runs with the aim of achieving organisational objectives through the management system. However, even though it has been anticipated in various ways through various kinds of safety engineering approaches, incidents and even severe accidents are still possible to be happen. Management systems with their derivative documents like standard operating procedures are prepared to keep the system operating under normal conditions. However, such management system tools are sometimes cannot be applied in an emergency condition which requires a beyond ordinary action. That action is becoming the scope of resilience engineering in the effort to restore the system into normal conditions and/or to avoid more severe accidents. This article explaining the concepts of resilience engineering, how this concept should be applied together with the management system through the spectrum leadership approach as an effort to anticipate events that possibly can lead to severe accidents. This study shows that the resilience engineering, system management and spectrum leadership are very close correlated and have to be owned by all levels of personnel in the high-risk installation organization. (author)
[en] This section treats of the following legal text: Sixteenth Amendment to the Atomic Energy Act (16. Amendment) of 10 July 2018. The German Bundestag has adopted the following Act: Article 1. Amendment to the Atomic Energy Act: The following Sections 7e to 7g shall be inserted after Section 7d Atomic Energy Act in the version promulgated on 15 July 1985 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1565), as most recently amended by Article 2(2) of the Act of 20 July 2017 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2808): Section 7e - Financial settlement for investments made; Section 7f - Financial settlement for electricity volumes; Section 7g - Administrative procedure; Article 2. Amendment of the Code of Administrative Court Procedure: Section 48(1) Sentence 1 Code of Administrative Court Procedure in the version promulgated on 19 March 1991 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 686), as most recently amended by Article 5(2) of the Act of 8 October 2017 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3536), shall be amended by insertion of the following Number 1a after Number 1: 1a. the merits and amount of financial settlement claims pursuant to Section 7e and Section 7f of the Atomic Energy Act; Article 3. Entry into force: This Act shall enter into force on the day when the European Commission gives its approval under State-aid law or makes a binding declaration to the effect that no such approval shall be required; the Federal Ministry in charge of nuclear safety and radiation protection shall announce the date of the entry into force and do this by means of the Federal Law Gazette.
[en] The study of the effects of the Industrial wave 4.0 on nuclear regulatory systems in Indonesia has been carried out. Industry 4.0 is a term applied to a revolution or such a rapid changes in the design, manufacture, operation, and service of manufacturing systems and products. The use of 4.0 signifies that this is the fourth industrial revolution in the world, continuing three previous giant leaps: Manufacturing of steam and water mechanics, electrically powered mass production based on labor division, and the age of electronics and information technology with the automation of complex tasks. Some studies have suggested that Industry 4.0 changes many things, including: increased production flexibility, mass customization, productivity, product quality, customer engagement in the design process, shortening the production sites to the customers, and the business models. All these developments must be anticipated by the Regulatory Body. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the items that are or should be done by BAPETEN in order to anticipate the Industry 4.0 era. The study was conducted by descriptive, analytic and qualitative methods which were completed with literature study and observation of existing practices at BAPETEN. From this study it can be concluded that BAPETEN has partially anticipated the coming of Industry 4.0 era and there are still many opportunities for improvement. (author)