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[en] Each system runs with the aim of achieving organisational objectives through the management system. However, even though it has been anticipated in various ways through various kinds of safety engineering approaches, incidents and even severe accidents are still possible to be happen. Management systems with their derivative documents like standard operating procedures are prepared to keep the system operating under normal conditions. However, such management system tools are sometimes cannot be applied in an emergency condition which requires a beyond ordinary action. That action is becoming the scope of resilience engineering in the effort to restore the system into normal conditions and/or to avoid more severe accidents. This article explaining the concepts of resilience engineering, how this concept should be applied together with the management system through the spectrum leadership approach as an effort to anticipate events that possibly can lead to severe accidents. This study shows that the resilience engineering, system management and spectrum leadership are very close correlated and have to be owned by all levels of personnel in the high-risk installation organization. (author)
[en] This section treats of the following legal text: Sixteenth Amendment to the Atomic Energy Act (16. Amendment) of 10 July 2018. The German Bundestag has adopted the following Act: Article 1. Amendment to the Atomic Energy Act: The following Sections 7e to 7g shall be inserted after Section 7d Atomic Energy Act in the version promulgated on 15 July 1985 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1565), as most recently amended by Article 2(2) of the Act of 20 July 2017 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2808): Section 7e - Financial settlement for investments made; Section 7f - Financial settlement for electricity volumes; Section 7g - Administrative procedure; Article 2. Amendment of the Code of Administrative Court Procedure: Section 48(1) Sentence 1 Code of Administrative Court Procedure in the version promulgated on 19 March 1991 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 686), as most recently amended by Article 5(2) of the Act of 8 October 2017 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3536), shall be amended by insertion of the following Number 1a after Number 1: 1a. the merits and amount of financial settlement claims pursuant to Section 7e and Section 7f of the Atomic Energy Act; Article 3. Entry into force: This Act shall enter into force on the day when the European Commission gives its approval under State-aid law or makes a binding declaration to the effect that no such approval shall be required; the Federal Ministry in charge of nuclear safety and radiation protection shall announce the date of the entry into force and do this by means of the Federal Law Gazette.
[en] The study of the effects of the Industrial wave 4.0 on nuclear regulatory systems in Indonesia has been carried out. Industry 4.0 is a term applied to a revolution or such a rapid changes in the design, manufacture, operation, and service of manufacturing systems and products. The use of 4.0 signifies that this is the fourth industrial revolution in the world, continuing three previous giant leaps: Manufacturing of steam and water mechanics, electrically powered mass production based on labor division, and the age of electronics and information technology with the automation of complex tasks. Some studies have suggested that Industry 4.0 changes many things, including: increased production flexibility, mass customization, productivity, product quality, customer engagement in the design process, shortening the production sites to the customers, and the business models. All these developments must be anticipated by the Regulatory Body. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the items that are or should be done by BAPETEN in order to anticipate the Industry 4.0 era. The study was conducted by descriptive, analytic and qualitative methods which were completed with literature study and observation of existing practices at BAPETEN. From this study it can be concluded that BAPETEN has partially anticipated the coming of Industry 4.0 era and there are still many opportunities for improvement. (author)
[en] Highlights: • Energy expenditure shares are noticeably higher in New Member States than in the EU15. • A common pan-EU fuel/energy poverty metric is likely to be problematic. • Targeting high-level fuel poverty metrics could distort policymaking. • New survey questions on the lived experience of fuel poverty are suggested. - Abstract: This paper provides a pan-EU mapping of energy affordability using energy expenditure shares. Large variations in energy expenditure shares are identified, with the shares being significantly higher in New Member States than the EU15. First, these variations indicate that a single expenditure-based pan-EU fuel poverty metric is problematic; there is a trade-off between a metric identifying households in most need within individual Member States and one identifying households in a similar position across Member States. Second, household-level data from the UK, France and the Republic of Ireland are used to simulate the impact of ‘policy interventions’, involving energy expenditure reductions or income increases, on the recorded rate of fuel poverty. These simulations highlight that emphasising high-level fuel poverty metrics may distort policymakers’ choices towards improving the ‘picture’ of fuel poverty rather than maximising welfare improvements. Robust impact assessments identifying the fuel poverty interventions which deliver the greatest welfare increases for a given cost offer a better means of policy evaluation.
[en] This guide aims at helping farm-based methanization project holders in informing, communicating and discussing about their project which will have an impact on the territory and on its environment. It explains how to analyse the situation, how to determine who is to be informed, how to inform and where to look for help. It describes how to understand challenges related to the territory, how to organise dialogue on a theme, and proposes a set of tools and methods for a better information, a well planned dialogue, and also addresses the issue of crisis management. A set of sheets on returns on experience is also provided
[en] In 2017, the Ae issued 96 opinions, slightly less than in previous years, which can be explained in particular by the first measurable effects of the 2016 orders which have changed the regulatory framework for impact studies and especially the thresholds of submission for systematic or case-by-case impact assessment. These orders thus have a clear impact on the number of case-by-case decisions which, for projects, has increased in inverse proportion to that of opinions, and has also substantially increased for plans and programs. Following the creation of environmental authority regional missions in 2016, the Ae actively supported them, whether for their current operation or to initiate the sharing of experience and good practices and consolidate some of their analyses. In 2017, as also provided for by the regulations, the Ae took up 8 cases within its competence, in view of their complexity and the environmental issues involved. By its decision no. 400559 of 6 December 2017, the Council of State puts an end to a long period of controversies and hesitations regarding the role and the designation of environmental authorities. This decision extends to projects, the 2015 jurisprudence concerning plans and programs: the regional prefects no longer have vocation to be designated as an environmental authority. Its argumentation recalls in particular that the environmental authority 'must be able to fulfil the consultation mission which is entrusted to it and to deliver an objective opinion on the project concerned', this opinion being intended to enlighten the public and the decision-making authorities, prior to the authorisations they issue. Based on this rule, the Council of State's decision approves the creation of environmental authority regional missions and recognises their independence, especially in view of their collegial operation and their functional authority on the DREAL officials who prepare the opinions which they submit to them. The independence of the Ae which examines itself all its opinions, in a collegial manner and according to very strict ethic rules, is thereby reinforced. Drawing all the consequences of the independence imperative recalled by the Council of State will guarantee the due recognition of the environment, as well as the legal security of authorisation decisions and thus of the projects. Regardless of the organisational option adopted, at the end of a transitional period that the Ae wishes to be very short, guarantees must be provided so that all the structures concerned have the necessary competencies and resources to deliver high quality and consistent opinions across the country, in a sustainable way. It is a matter of proper democratic functioning. It is also a matter of compatibility of the plans/ programs and projects with the public policies, including France's international commitments, particularly in the fight against climate change and the erosion of biodiversity. Content: 1 - Editorial, The Ae in 2017 (Expertise and missions; Ae members; Methods and internal operations; 2017 Referrals); 2 - Zoom on (From work programs to 'projects'; Preliminary framing to specify the scope of the projects; Application of these principles to the joint development zone projects; Protection against coastal flooding: the project and the Flood Prevention Action program (PAPI); Road widening projects - climate change and energy transition; Dredging - sediment classification and management; Regional natural parks: issues of environmental reporting - environmental arbitration; 'E.R.C': the ABC; Medium term follow-up to Ae opinions); 3 - Appendices (Decisions for evocation 2017; Case-by-case decisions for projects 2017; Case-by-case decisions for plans/ programs 2017; Abbreviations and acronyms).
[en] Whereas the European Commission presented in November 2016 a legislative package called 'a clean energy for all Europeans' which proposed important reforms for tomorrow's electric power system. This sheet presents an overview of this procedure which has important consequences on the French energy and environmental policy. Thus, it describes how the European Commission has a monopoly as far as legislative initiative is concerned, how the EU Council and the European Parliament amend and vote the law, how the final text is negotiated, how the legislation is transposed and implemented at the national level, and how implementation standards are defined by a secondary legislation at the European level.
[en] This document aims at proposing an overview of the legal and regulatory framework which is presently applicable for the installation of solar panels on roofs, and also at presenting some interesting returns on experience, and at formulating recommendations for a good integration of solar energy into the French built heritage. Thus, it first presents the general framework for the installation of solar panels, and then addresses the specific case of installation of solar panels within protected areas (procedure in remarkable patrimonial sites and at the vicinity of historical monuments, in classified buildings or in those classified or registered as historic monuments). Then, the authors discuss the technical characteristics and the integration into building: cost and efficiency of solar panels, examples. Finally, eleven propositions are stated for an easier development of solar installations within the protected heritage. These propositions notably aim at promoting co-construction of projects, at financially valorising the integration of solar panels, and at simplifying procedures for the development of projects
[en] This report presents the results of the qualitative aspect of the study relative to the 2017-2018 French market follow up of residential photovoltaic systems. These results complement those about the quantitative aspect of this same market segment. Content: 1 - Main trends of the photovoltaic market: comparison with the previous year and brakes on sector development; 2 - Supply: a market of innovation, self-consumption, the recurrent problem of environmental crime; 3 - Institutional environment: institutional support to the photovoltaic industry, 'Grenelle Environment' qualification, regulatory aspects of grid connection; 4 - Three proposals to support the sector.
[en] The authors propose an overview of the evolution of legal and regulatory arrangements regarding renewable energies during 2017. They first address wind energy (proposals of reforms, proposals of simplification for offshore wind energy, suppression of building permission for some onshore wind farms, single authorisation regime, compensation of a wind operator for a non kept promise, remuneration system, development of participative financing, technical and financial capacities, jurisprudence evolutions regarding relationships between wind turbines, radars and aeronautical constraints, landscape issues). The next part addresses solar energy (tariff reduction, strengthening of the self-consumption legal framework, tax measures in favour of self-consumption, cancelling or modification of decrees, higher control of the impact of landscape, and so on). The third part addresses biogas (growth and financial measures, cost of connection to the gas network, control of installations, extension of the commissioning delay, legal framework for manure). The fourth part addresses hydroelectricity (bidding in France, authorisation regime, evolution of concession regime). The fifth part addresses geothermal energy (site development in France, new exploitation tax, modification of expertise rules)