Results 1 - 10 of 312
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[en] Cost-effective protected area networks require that decision makers have sufficient information to allocate investments in ways that generate the greatest positive impacts. With applications in more than 50 countries, the Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) method is arguably the tool used most widely to assist such prioritization. The extent to which its indicators provide useful measures of a protected area’s capacity to achieve its conservation objectives, however, has seldom been subject to empirical scrutiny. We use a rich spatial dataset and time series data from 66 forest protected areas in the Brazilian Amazon to examine whether RAPPAM scores are associated with success in avoiding deforestation. We find no statistically significant association between avoided deforestation and indicators that reflect preferential targets of conservation investments, including budget, staff, equipment, management plans and stakeholder collaboration. Instead, we find that the absence of unsettled land tenure conflicts is consistently associated strongly with success in reducing deforestation pressures. Our results underscore the importance of tracking and resolving land tenure in protected area management, and lead us to call for more rigorous assessments of existing strategies for assessing and prioritizing management interventions in protected areas. (letter)
[en] Procedure files have the following characteristics: large quantities, different contents mixed, and closely related to technical documents. But there are some problems in the management of procedure document such as: not associated with technical documents and other procedure documents, inadequate application of information technology. Integrated management model is proposed. It specifically includes: management integration of procedure files and technical documents, integration of information systems, optimization of authority of file department, integration of service. In the view of integrated mode, several measures are proposed to improve the level of procedure file management. (author)
[en] The objective of this investigation is to evaluate how visual perception varies as the rural landscape is altered by human interventions of varying character. An experiment is carried out using Semantic Differential Analysis to analyse the effect of the character and the type of the intervention on perception. Interventions are divided into elements of “permanent industrial character”, “elements of permanent rural character” and “elements of temporary character”, and these categories are sub-divided into smaller groups according to the type of development. To increase the reliability of the results, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient tool, is applied to validate the semantic space of the perceptual responses and to determine the number of subjects required for a reliable evaluation of the scenes.
[en] The FP7 ASAMPSAE (Advanced Safety Assessment Methodologies: extended PSA) project aimed to promote good practices for the investigation of critical situations induced by the occurrences of external hazards and their combination, and to develop some technical recommendations for improvement of PSAs studies. The paper presents the work performed in the frame of the ASAMPSAE work packages by the Institute for Nuclear Research (RATEN ICN) PSA team members, with specific focus on the activities to which they have contributed. The ways in which the End-Users were involved in the project and the modalities in which they have influenced the partner actions, directions for prioritization and progress of the project are also discussed. Some of the challenges and the recommendations of the project regarding the assessment of external hazards and their combinations are highlighted. (authors)
[en] The rapid development of Web technology has opened a new approach to Decision Support System (DSS) development. For instance, Social Media is one of the Web 2.0 digital platforms that allow the creation and exchanges of user-generate content through an interactive interface, high user control and mass participation. The concept and characteristics of Web 2.0 such as remote, platform-independent, context-rich and easy to use, which is fulfill the concept and purpose of DSS. This paper outlines some of the elementary concepts of Web 2.0 and social media technology which can be potentially integrated within DSS to enhance the decision-making process. Our initial investigation indicates that there is limited study attempt to embed Web 2.0 into DSS. Thus, this paper highlights the importance of Web 2.0 technology in order to foster the betterment of DSS development and its usability
[en] Highlights: • Develops a new systematic classification of barriers and drivers to energy efficiency. • Synthesise ideas from three broad perspectives, viz., micro, meso, and macro. • Develops actor-oriented framework. • Provides scope for appropriate policy interventions. - Abstract: This paper develops a new systematic classification and explanation of barriers and drivers to energy efficiency. Using an ‘actor oriented approach’, the paper tries to identify (a) the drivers and barriers that affect the success or failure of energy efficiency investments and (b) the institutions that are responsible for the emergence of these barriers and drivers. This taxonomy aims to synthesise ideas from three broad perspectives, viz., micro (project/end user), meso (organization), and macro (state, market, civil society). The paper develops a systematic framework by looking at the issues from the perspective of different actors. This not only aids the understanding of barriers and drivers; it also provides scope for appropriate policy interventions. This focus will help policy-makers evaluate to what extent future interventions may be warranted and how one can judge the success of particular interventions
[en] These Rules of Procedure apply mutatis mutandis to any meetings of the Contracting Parties to the Convention convened in accordance with Chapter 3 of the Convention
[es]El presente Reglamento se aplicara mutatis mutandis a toda reunion de las Partes Contratantes en la Convencion organizada de conformidad con el capitulo 3 de la Convencion
[en] This article aims to reflect on the exploration of paramilitary management in Northwest Regional Office of Nuclear and Radiation Safety Inspection, MEP, China under current situation, so as to the improve the working style construction of the regulatory team, strengthening consciousness on nuclear safety, and to promote the level of nuclear safety regulation. (authors)
[en] Biofuels development and adoption in Nigeria has progressed significantly since the inception of the country's biofuel program in 2007. The rapid growth of the biofuels subsector in Nigeria inspired this review which aims at identifying the key drivers, agents, enablers, incentives and objectives driving the development. From the upstream to the downstream sub-sectors, there is an increasing entry of players and participants (private and public investors). This paper aims to explore the underlining drivers, enablers and incentives promoting the investments and participations in biofuels development, adoption and utilization in Nigeria. The research sourced data from basically secondary sources and undertook desk review of available information. The drivers identified are classified into the endogenous and exogenous categories. From the review, the paper presents a multi-components conceptual framework that captures key elements of the biofuel development in Nigeria. - Highlights: ► Delineate factors (drivers) promoting biofuels. ► Identify agents and their roles in incentivizing the biofuel development. ► Delineate incentives from enablers of biofuel development and adoption. ► Categorize objective motives of actors within the sustainability triangle. ► Propose a framework as a foundation for further research, policy analysis and intervention.