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[en] ADaMS is CERN's Access Distribution and Management System. It evaluates access authorisations to more than 400 zones and for more than 35000 persons. Although accesses are granted based on a combination of training courses, administrative authorisations and the radio-protection situation of an individual, the policies and technicalities are constantly evolving along with the laboratory's activities; the current version of ADaMS is based on a 7 year old design, and is starting to show its limits. A version 3 of ADaMS will allow improved synchronization with CERN's scheduling and planning tools (used heavily during technical shutdowns, for instance), will allow CERN's training catalogue to change without impacting access management and will simplify and reduce the administrative workload of granting access. The new version will provide enhanced self-services to end users by focusing on access points (the physical barriers) instead of safety zones. ADaMS 3 will be able to cope better with changing and new requirements, as well as the multiplication of access points. The project requires the cooperation of a dozen services at CERN, and should take 18 months to develop. (author)
[en] The quality of regulations issued by government institutions needs to be improved and simplified to encourage the realization of Nawa Cita, so that Indonesia can become an independent nation economically and competitively. This was conveyed by President Joko Widodo through a package of economic policies that have been published. BAPETEN as a government institutions needs to take a role in this momentum by improving the quality of BAPETEN Chairmen Regulation (BCR). One way to improve the quality of regulations is to apply the quality management system ISO 9001:2015 in the process of making the regulation. By implementing ISO 9001:2015 in the regulation making process, it is expected that the regulations issued by BAPETEN in particular the BAPETEN Chairman regulations are truly qualified. (author)
[en] As stipulated in the Act Nr. 10 Year 1997 on Nuclear Energy that any utilization of nuclear energy shall be subjected for licensing. Government Regulation Nr. 29 Year 2008 on Licensing of the Utilization of Ionizing Radiation Sources and Nuclear Materials is dividing the utilization activities into 3 groups: group A, B and C, one of which is license for radioactive material storage. A license for radioactive material storage is required by the TENORM producer when the TENORM producers failed to intervene through remedial action until it reaches certain value below the intervention level. The provisions of the intervention are described in Government Regulation Nr. 33 Year 2 and further regulate in BAPETEN Chairman Regulation Nr. 9 Year 2009 on Intervention Exposure from Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials. The licensee shall conduct analysis in order to know the radioactivity content in TENORM. Radioactivity analysis should be performed by an accredited laboratory. In the development of this regulation, the laboratory of environmental radioactivity analysis must be accredited by the National Accreditation Committee (KAN) or other state accreditation agencies that posses Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) agreements with KAN. An accredited laboratory must obtain a registration letter from the BAPETEN Chairman by submitting an application to the BAPETEN Chairman. The validity period of the registration letter in accordance with the validity period of the accreditation certificate. In case an accredited laboratory of environmental radioactivity analysis is not available, must be officially appointed by BAPETEN Chairman to perform radioactivity analysis. The requirements to be appointed as the laboratory for environmental radioactivity analysis should at least include administrative, management, and technical requirements. (author)
[en] Human factors play an inevitable role in maintenance activities, and the occurrence of Human Errors (HEs) affects system reliability and safety, equipment performance and economic results. The high HE rate increased researchers’ attention towards Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) and HE assessment approaches. In these approaches, various environmental and individual factors influence the performance of maintenance operators affecting Human Error Probability (HEP) with a consequent variability in the success of intervention. However, a deep analysis of such factors in the maintenance field, often called Performance Shaping Factors (PSFs), is still missing. This has led the authors to systematically evaluate the literature on Human Error in Maintenance (HEM) and on the PSFs, in order to provide a shared PSF taxonomy. A Systematic Literature Review (SLR) was conducted to identify and select peer-reviewed papers that provided evidence on the relationship between maintenance activities and human performance. The obtained results provided a wide overview in the field of interest, shedding light on three main research areas of investigation: methodologies for human error analysis in maintenance, performance shaping factors and maintenance error consequences. In particular, papers belonging to the area of PSFs were analysed in-depth in order to identify and classify the PSFs, with the aim of achieving the PSF taxonomy for maintenance activities. The effects of each PSF on human reliability were defined and detailed. Findings: A total of 63 studies were selected and then analysed through a systematic methodology. 46% of these studies presented a qualitative/quantitative assessment of PSFs through application in different maintenance activities. Starting from the findings of the aforementioned papers, a PSF taxonomy specific for maintenance activities was proposed. This taxonomy represents an important contribution for researchers and practitioners towards the improvement of HRA methods and their applications in industrial maintenance.The analysis outlines the relevance of considering HEM because different error types occur during the maintenance process with non-negligible effects on the system. Despite a growing interest in HE assessment in maintenance, a deep analysis of PSFs in this field and a shared PSF taxonomy are missing. This paper fills the gap in the literature with the creation of a PSF taxonomy in industrial maintenance. The proposed taxonomy is a valuable contribution for growing the awareness of researchers and practitioners about factors influencing maintainers’ performance.
[en] The study of the effects of the Industrial wave 4.0 on nuclear regulatory systems in Indonesia has been carried out. Industry 4.0 is a term applied to a revolution or such a rapid changes in the design, manufacture, operation, and service of manufacturing systems and products. The use of 4.0 signifies that this is the fourth industrial revolution in the world, continuing three previous giant leaps: Manufacturing of steam and water mechanics, electrically powered mass production based on labor division, and the age of electronics and information technology with the automation of complex tasks. Some studies have suggested that Industry 4.0 changes many things, including: increased production flexibility, mass customization, productivity, product quality, customer engagement in the design process, shortening the production sites to the customers, and the business models. All these developments must be anticipated by the Regulatory Body. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the items that are or should be done by BAPETEN in order to anticipate the Industry 4.0 era. The study was conducted by descriptive, analytic and qualitative methods which were completed with literature study and observation of existing practices at BAPETEN. From this study it can be concluded that BAPETEN has partially anticipated the coming of Industry 4.0 era and there are still many opportunities for improvement. (author)
[en] Radioactive sources/sealed radioactive sources are used in various fields, but if they are not controlled properly it will create problems in the future, especially the environment for the next generations. The potential of disused radioactive sources/disused sealed radioactive sources as known as DSRS is relatively high considering in Indonesia the use of sealed radioactive sources (SRS) is widely used in the medical, industrial and research fields. The potential of DSRS become more risky when the handling is not worked properly and correctly. Through this paper, it is proposed on how to manage the radioactive waste from a regulatory perspective, either from existing or planned regulations by reviewing references. Basically, the regulation for management of radioactive waste including DSRS is already regulated starting from the Act to the Chairman Regulations. But its implementation should be more implemented and good controlled to avoid any problems in the future. Radioactive waste generators, manager of radioactive waste facility and regulators must be worked in line to support an integrated radioactive waste management program by playing their respective roles as well. (author)
[en] Based on the experience feedback of the comprehensive emergency exercise of one chinese NPP in 2014, this paper offers some viewpoints and practice about the systematization and Non-Notice mode of emergency exercise of nuclear power plant (NPP) which focus on how to organize and improve the effectiveness of the large-scale nuclear accident emergency exercise. It is hopeful to provide reference to chinese industry. (authors)
[en] Operating Experience Feedback (OEF) is one of the ways of improving the nuclear safety of operating nuclear power plants. The EC-Clearinghouse initiative was set up in 2008 to support nuclear regulatory authorities of EU Member States, but also Technical Support Organizations, international organizations and the broader nuclear community, to enhance nuclear safety. The differing regulatory regimes in the EU member countries and a significant diversity of the nuclear power plant (NPP) designs have been a challenge in the establishment of the European Clearinghouse. The European Clearinghouse is organized as a Network operated by a Central Office located at the Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) which is part of Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. It gathers 17 European regulatory authorities and three major European Technical Support organizations (TSO). The Clearinghouse aims at providing lessons learnt, raises recommendations and identifies best practices from operational experience of NPPs based on support and commitment from the EU nuclear regulatory authorities. The objectives of the European Clearinghouse help to improve methodologies and capabilities for the assessment of unusual events in NPPs. The paper presents the main activities of the European Clearinghouse. These include (a) Topical studies providing in-depth assessment of selected topics important for the safe operation of NPPs. Statistical tools help to identify interesting subjects for these studies;(b) Quarterly reports on operating experience; (c) Training courses in the field of root cause analysis and event investigation; (d) Development, maintenance and population of a database for storage of operating experience related information and (e) Collaboration with international organizations such as IAEA and OECD/NEA on all aspects of OEF. All activities of the Clearinghouse initiative focus on providing an added value to nuclear regulation in Member States. (author)
[en] Young drivers have the lowest rate of seat belt use among all age groups. The objective of this study was to investigate and assess the seat belt use behavior of young drivers by means of various methods, including observational surveys, short interviews, and self-report questionnaire surveys. The results revealed that approximately two-thirds of young drivers wear seat belts. The self-reported rates of seat belt use were slightly higher than the seat belt usage rates obtained from the observational data. The results also showed that young passengers had a much lower rate of seat belt use compared to young drivers and elderly passengers. The logistic regression model for the observational data revealed that male drivers, SUV drivers, and subjects driving at night had a higher probability of driving without a seat belt. The results of the questionnaire surveys were consistent with the results of the observational surveys. The questionnaire surveys revealed that the reasons for wearing seat belts included safety, fear of getting a traffic citation, and obedience to traffic law. The main reasons for not using seat belts included discomfort and not believing that seat belts could save lives. The logistic regression model for the questionnaire data showed that drivers who believe that seat belts can save lives and drivers who attended a prior seat belt safety campaign had a higher probability of using seat belts while driving. The results will help policymakers to develop strategies that enforce and promote safer behaviors for this age group.
[en] Since the 12th Five-Year Plan, China has continuously strengthened capacity building of nuclear safety supervision and management, and nuclear safety supervision and management ability gradually increases. At present, the adjustment and optimization of economic structure leads to rapid development of nuclear energy and nuclear technology utilization business, the tasks of nuclear safety supervision and management are increasingly heavy, and the requirements of nuclear safety supervision and management are more and more strict, as a result, current capabilities of supervision and management are difficult to well adapt to new age demands of supervision and management. This study firstly puts forward the connotation of capacity building of nuclear safety supervision and management, and based on the connotation brings forward the basic framework of capacity building of nuclear safety supervision and management, which is composed of institution building, agency building, equipment building and team building. Under the perspective of the basic framework, this study analyses the status quo of capacity building of national nuclear safety supervision and management, states the main ideas and directions of capacity building of nuclear safety supervision and management in the near future, and proposes some suggestions for strengthening capacity building of national nuclear safety supervision and management. (authors)