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[en] Important concepts concerning tubes in dynamical systems are defined in details. In the cases of a homoclinic tube and a heteroclinically tubular cycle in autonomous systems, existence of tubular chaos is established. The main goal of this article is to stress the importance of tubes in high dimensional dynamical systems
[en] Molecular motors are the workhorses of living cells. Seemingly by ‘magic’, these molecules are able to complete purposeful tasks while being immersed in a sea of thermal chaos. Here, we review the current understanding of how these machines work, present simple models based on thermal ratchets, discuss implications for statistical physics, and provide an overview of ongoing research in this important and fascinating field of study. (key issues review)
[en] Recently, a novel block encryption system has been proposed as an improved version of the chaotic cryptographic method based on iterating a chaotic map. In this Letter, a flaw of this cryptosystem is pointed out and a chosen plaintext attack is presented. Furthermore, a remedial improvement is suggested, which avoids the flaw while keeping all the merits of the original cryptosystem
[en] In this paper, we investigate the generalized Q-S synchronization between the generalized Lorenz canonical form and the Roessler system. Firstly, we transform an arbitrary generalized Lorenz system to the generalized Lorenz canonical form, and the relation between the parameter of the generalized Lorenz system and the parameter of the generalized Lorenz canonical form are shown. Secondly, we extend the scheme present by [Yan ZY. Chaos 2005;15:023902] to study the generalized Q-S synchronization between the generalized Lorenz canonical form and the Roessler system, the more general controller is obtained. By choosing different parameter in the generalized controller obtained here, without much extra effort, we can get the controller of synchronization between the Chen system and the Roessler system, the Lue system and the Roessler system, the classic Lorenz system and the Roessler system, the Hyperbolic Lorenz system and the Roessler system, respectively. Finally, numerical simulations are used to perform such synchronization and verify the effectiveness of the controller.
[en] We investigate the motion of the globally coupled maps (logistic map) driven by uniform disorder. It is shown that this disorder can produce multi-synchronization for the globally coupled chaotic maps studied by us. The disorder determines the synchronized dynamics, leading to the emergence of a wide range of new collective behaviour in which the individual units in isolation are incapable of producing in the absence of the disorder. Our results imply that the disorder can tame the collective motion of the coupled chaotic maps
[en] Highlights: • We give an algorithm to compute regularities of SNA’s based on tools of de la Llave–Petrov. • It uses the Keller convergence construction to the attractor. • It uses Daubechies Wavelets with 16 vanishing moments. • The precision is two decimal digits compared with Weierstraß function. • The loss of regularity as parameter changes is observed from wavelet coefficients. We estimate numerically the regularities of a family of Strange Non-Chaotic Attractors related with one of the models studied in (Grebogi et al., 1984) (see also Keller, 1996). To estimate these regularities we use wavelet analysis in the spirit of de la Llave and Petrov (2002) together with some ad-hoc techniques that we develop to overcome the theoretical difficulties that arise in the application of the method to the particular family that we consider. These difficulties are mainly due to the facts that we do not have an explicit formula for the attractor and it is discontinuous almost everywhere for some values of the parameters. Concretely we propose an algorithm based on the Fast Wavelet Transform. Also a quality check of the wavelet coefficients and regularity estimates is done.
[en] We have observed anti-synchronization phenomena in different chaotic dynamical systems. Anti-synchronization can be characterized by the vanishing of the sum of relevant variables. Anti-synchronization problem for different chaotic dynamical systems with fully unknown parameters in response system is analyzed. This technique is applied to achieve anti-synchronization between Lorenz system, Lue system and Four-scroll system. Numerical simulations are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
[en] The roles played by drive and response systems on generalized chaos synchronization (GS) are studied. And the generalized synchronization is classified, based on these roles, to three distinctive types: the passive GS which is mainly determined by the response system and insensitive to the driving signal; the resonant GS where phase synchronization between the drive and response systems is preceding GS; and the interacting GS where both the drive and response have influences on the status of GS. The features of these GS types and the possible changes from one types to others are investigated
[en] In [N.S. Philip, K.B. Joseph, Chaos for stream cipher, cs.CR/0102012] Philip and Joseph propose their own cipher algorithm. An efficient attack on the values of the key of this cipher is presented in this Letter. Other weaknesses of this cipher are presented, and proposals of algorithm's improvement as well