Results 1 - 10 of 6178
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[en] The implementation of a modern game-console controller as a data acquisition interface for physics experiments is discussed. The investigated controller is equipped with three perpendicular accelerometers and a built-in infrared camera to evaluate its own relative position. A pendulum experiment is realized as a demonstration of the proposed approach
[en] Employment of a data-acquisition system for data collection and calculations makes experiments with antennas more convenient and less time consuming. The determined directional patterns of the dipole antennas of different lengths are in reasonable agreement with theory. The enhancement of the signal by using a reflector is demonstrated, and a variant of the Yagi-Uda antenna is explored. The experiments are suitable as laboratory works and classroom demonstrations, and are attractive for student projects.
[en] A programme has begun on MAST to replace its ageing CAMAC and VME based data acquisition systems with new modern hardware which, together with several improvements in the supporting infrastructure, will provide support for faster data acquisition rates, longer-pulse operation, faster data access and higher reliability. The main principle of the upgrade was to use commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware and well-established standards wherever possible. CompactPCI or PXI was chosen as the digitiser form factor to replace CAMAC/VME, and Ethernet would be used as the means to access all devices. The modular architecture of the MAST data acquisition software framework has helped to minimise the integration effort required to phase in new subsystems and/or new technologies whilst continuing to use the old hardware in other systems. The software framework was updated to allow more versatile use of the network-attached data acquisition devices. The new data acquisition devices had multiple connector types, which created difficulties with the cable interfacing. To resolve this and provide support for easy substitution, a standard connector interface was chosen, based on the most common connector type and pin-out already in use, and several cable assemblies were produced to connect the proprietary interface of the digitiser to the standard interface block. The in-house IDA-3 data storage format is unable to accommodate the larger file sizes and is increasingly difficult to maintain, so it is to be gradually phased out. The NetCDF-4/HDF5 data standard is being adopted as its replacement, thus reducing in-house maintenance whilst providing a data format that is more accessible to the Fusion community. Several other infrastructure upgrades were necessitated by the anticipated increase in data traffic and volume including the Central Timing System, the MAST Ethernet infrastructure and servers for front-end data processing, data storage and data access management. These improvements have provided higher reliability, faster data retrieval, greater longevity and capacity to extend the MAST pulse length to accommodate the future programme requirements.
[en] MDSplus is a data acquisition system widely used in nuclear fusion experiments. It defines a file format for pulse files and provides a set of tools for data acquisition and management. The whole MDSplus package is used in several fusion experiments to set-up and supervise the data acquisition process. Other experiments use only the data management layer of MDSplus to provide a common format for data exchange between plasma fusion laboratories. HDF5 is a file format and a data access library used by a larger community, mainly outside fusion. HDF5 is used, for example, in earth science research, defense applications and weather services. HDF5 allows managing large and complex data sets and provides a common data format among heterogeneous applications. Both MDSplus and HDF5 support a rich set of data types and a hierarchical data organization, as well as multi-language data access libraries. There are however several significant differences between the two system architectures, making each system better suited in different application contexts. The paper provides a brief overview of the data architectures of MDSplus and HDF5 and analyzes more in detail the peculiar aspects of the two systems. It will be shown that the ranges of applications suitable for the two systems overlap only partially. Finally, some application scenarios will be presented, discussing to what extent each system can provide an optimal solution. This document is composed of an abstract and a poster. (author)
[en] This paper describes circuitry for deriving the quotient of signals delivered by position-sensitive detectors. Digital output is obtained in the form of 10 to 12 bit words. Impact position may be determined with 0.25% accuracy when the dynamic range of the energy signal is less than 1:10, and 0.5% accuracy when the dynamic range is 1:20. The division requires an average time of 5μs for 10-bit words
[fr]Un dispositif destine a effectuer le quotient des signaux issus des detecteurs a localisation, fournit le resultat numerique sous forme de mots de 10 a 12 bits. La precision possible sur la determination du point d'impact est de 0,25% pour une gamme dynamique en energie inferieure a 10 (0,5% pour une gamme de 20). L'operation demande 5μs en moyenne pour des mots de 10 bits
[en] Silicon photomultpiliers are robust, low voltage sensors capable of measuring low light levels. They are well suited for use in a cosmic ray detector using scintillator embedded with wavelength shifting fibre, designed for lab based and high altitude cosmic ray experiments. The development of such a detector, using an ARM Cortex M3 microcontroller based data acquisition system is discussed.
[en] We developed a system for data acquisition and analysis, designed around VMEbus and UNIX workstations. The system is designed to be scalable: If we distribute it throughout the network, a thousand channels can be dealt with in the same way as a dozen channels. The issues of choosing and installing amplifiers are also discussed. (orig.)