Results 21 - 30 of 15095
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[en] The requirements for data acquisition systems are reviewed briefly in relation to biological experiments on synchrotron radiation sources. CAMAC and GPIB interfacing schemes are discussed in outline and particular reference is drawn to experience at Embl, Hamburg. (U.K.)
[en] Employment of a data-acquisition system for data collection and calculations makes experiments with antennas more convenient and less time consuming. The determined directional patterns of the dipole antennas of different lengths are in reasonable agreement with theory. The enhancement of the signal by using a reflector is demonstrated, and a variant of the Yagi-Uda antenna is explored. The experiments are suitable as laboratory works and classroom demonstrations, and are attractive for student projects.
[en] A computer network architecture consisting of a common node processor for managing peripherals and files and a number of private node processors for laboratory experiment control is briefly reviewed. Central to the problem of private node-common node communication is the concept of a transaction. The collection of procedures and the data structure associated with a transaction are described. The common node properties assigned to a transaction and procedures required for its complete processing are discussed. (U.S.)
[en] GAPHYOR (Gaz Physique Orsay) is a retrieval system of the single properties of atoms and molecules, of the interaction properties between these particles and the macroscopic properties of the corresponding gases. Qualities, difficulties and possible improvements are discussed
[en] A programme has begun on MAST to replace its ageing CAMAC and VME based data acquisition systems with new modern hardware which, together with several improvements in the supporting infrastructure, will provide support for faster data acquisition rates, longer-pulse operation, faster data access and higher reliability. The main principle of the upgrade was to use commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware and well-established standards wherever possible. CompactPCI or PXI was chosen as the digitiser form factor to replace CAMAC/VME, and Ethernet would be used as the means to access all devices. The modular architecture of the MAST data acquisition software framework has helped to minimise the integration effort required to phase in new subsystems and/or new technologies whilst continuing to use the old hardware in other systems. The software framework was updated to allow more versatile use of the network-attached data acquisition devices. The new data acquisition devices had multiple connector types, which created difficulties with the cable interfacing. To resolve this and provide support for easy substitution, a standard connector interface was chosen, based on the most common connector type and pin-out already in use, and several cable assemblies were produced to connect the proprietary interface of the digitiser to the standard interface block. The in-house IDA-3 data storage format is unable to accommodate the larger file sizes and is increasingly difficult to maintain, so it is to be gradually phased out. The NetCDF-4/HDF5 data standard is being adopted as its replacement, thus reducing in-house maintenance whilst providing a data format that is more accessible to the Fusion community. Several other infrastructure upgrades were necessitated by the anticipated increase in data traffic and volume including the Central Timing System, the MAST Ethernet infrastructure and servers for front-end data processing, data storage and data access management. These improvements have provided higher reliability, faster data retrieval, greater longevity and capacity to extend the MAST pulse length to accommodate the future programme requirements.
[en] A well logging system and method are described in which a transmitter in a borehole has at least two radiation detectors sensing either the same condition or two different conditions relating to the earth's formation traversed by the borehole and providing data pulses corresponding in number and peak amplitude to the sensed condition. The transmitter also includes a reference pulse source and circuitry for combining the reference pulses with each set of data pulses to provide combined pulse signals. Each combined pulse signal is sampled at different times by a sampling circuit which provides pulses of opposite polarity whose amplitudes correspond to the maximum amplitude pulses occurring during sampling periods. The pulses from the sampling means are conducted to surface electronics by a single conductive path such as the inner conductor and the shield of an armored coaxial cable. The surface electronics include a pulse separation circuit which separates the pulses by polarity. Processing circuits process the separated pulses to provide records of at least two spectra. The invention is of particular utility as embodied in a nuclear logging system
[en] A programmable calculator has been used to provide automatic data acquisition and processing for flame spectrophotometric measurements. When coupled with an automatic wavelength selector, complete automation of sample analysis is provided for one or more elements in solution. The program takes into account deviation of analytical curves from linearity. Increased sensitivity and precision over manual calculations are obtained. (author)