Results 1 - 10 of 14
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[en] Although energy does not fall within the strict competence of the EU, a major influence of the European treaties can be seen in the shaping - or rather the dismantling - of the energy sector, particularly in France
[fr]Bien que l'energie ne releve pas de la stricte competence de l'UE, on peut constater une influence majeure des traites europeens dans le faconnage - ou plutot le demantelement - du secteur energetique, notamment en France
[en] - It will be possible to group the radioactive wastes from the perspectives on Systems, Structures and Components (SSCs). This paper covers systematic approaches for deregulating grouped decommissioning wastes. SSCs decomposition structure, mass flow of decommissioning waste, sequence and storage time estimation method for deregulation, and interrelationship between them are presented. The expected benefit is the ability possibly to apply deregulation process to SSCs because SSCs breakdown structure is connected with mass flow of decommissioning waste, deregulation option, and storage time. This allows for the application of deregulation strategies and processes on SSCs basis and can enhance the rationale and traceability of the waste grouping. The sequence for deregulation reflects the logic of ensuring that radioactive nuclides meet self-disposal criteria and storing or disposing radioactive wastes if not met. (authors)
[en] This publication comments the results of a survey on the relationship between French people and energy. It addresses the following topics: The increasing canvassing of households by energy suppliers; The energy market opening now known by 9 consumers out of 10; The progress of market knowledge and procedures; A degradation of consumers' confidence in the energy market; Energy consumption still remains a concern to French households; Consumers' mixed feelings regarding smart meters; 61 % of French people interested in green energy offers; The national energy mediation is better known and its reputation is improving.
[en] The National Energy Ombudsman is an independent administrative authority that was created by the law of 7 December 2006 relating to the energy sector, in preparation for the imminent liberalisation of the French gas and electricity markets. It has two legal roles: participating in the process of informing consumers about their rights, and recommending solutions for settling disputes. The Ombudsman reports directly to the French Parliament. This report summarizes the 2018 national energy ombudsman's activity in the domains of fight against energy precariousness, consumer information about energy markets, contracts and bills, consumer protection, conciliation, mediation and dispute settlement between energy operators and consumers regarding connection to networks, smart meters, quality of supplies, data protection etc.
[en] This paper reports the mechanism for decommissioning in overseas countries. The environment and mechanism surrounding decommissioning are different in each country. However, the comparison of the organization implementing decommissioning, situation of radioactive waste disposal sites, regulatory rules / organizational system, etc. in overseas countries with those in Japan would be useful as a reference for considering mechanism to safely and efficiently complete decommissioning in Japan. (A.O.)
[en] This guide first describes the structure of a PPA (Power Purchase Agreement) contract: definition of the Corporate Power Purchase Agreement (CPPA), nature of the CPPA, and number of counter-parties (purchasers and sellers). It indicates the different chapters of a typical CPPA and describes their content (date of entry into force, test period and implementation date, duration, supply point, producer's and purchaser's commitments, energy volumes, availability, price, negative spot price, and so on.). The last part addresses financing issues
[en] A first author introduces the issues faced by the European electricity system: the situation created by deregulation which gave room to the law of the market, the return of the prescribing State, and the consequences of this situation. He also proposes four different prospective views for the electricity market by 2030, and outlines the need for new regulations for a transition towards a carbon neutral world, and proposes six priorities for the Union of Energy. A second author gives an overview of European energy market developments to 2050 by addressing economic fundamentals, the relationship between geopolitics and European energy, the relationship between Europe's objectives and energy and climate policies, and capacity markets. The next contribution discusses vision, challenges and opportunities for action in Europe towards a world without fossil fuels, and the last one discusses policies and markets fit for the decarbonization of the power sector (need for an integrated policy approach, for more coordination and long term commitments, for better planning and governance for infrastructures across local, regional and European levels, and for a new electricity market design)
[en] To make the energy transition a success, the electricity grid is undergoing considerable changes: input from renewable sources, digitization, 'electricity mobility', steered consumption, etc. Automated meter management, which lies at the core of this revolution, is the first brick for making electricity grids smart. Smart grids will be necessary to reach the objectives set for the climate. This is a major stage in the energy revolution - an opportunity for France and Europe, even more so since they have internationally recognized leaders in this field. (author)
[fr]Pour garantir la reussite de la transition energetique, le systeme electrique subit des mutations considerables: integration des energies renouvelables, digitalisation, developpement de la mobilite electrique, pilotage de la consommation, etc. Le comptage communicant est au coeur de cette revolution et constitue la premiere brique des reseaux electriques intelligents de demain, qui seront necessaires pour l'atteinte des objectifs climatiques. Il s'agit la de la future etape majeure de la revolution energetique, que la France et l'Europe devront savoir pleinement saisir, d'autant qu'elles disposent en la matiere de leaders internationaux reconnus. (auteur)
[en] In Europe, liberalizing the electricity industry has brought along regulations for boosting the penetration rate of renewables, such as solar or wind power. The existence of natural monopolies (grids) and the preservation of the general interest are forcing public authorities to accept several exceptions to the freedom to compete (sometimes with deviant effects). The market alone cannot orient long-term choices about energy, but it does stimulate innovation and efficiency. (author)
[fr]La liberalisation du secteur de l'electricite s'est, en Europe, accompagnee du recours a des dispositifs reglementaires visant a promouvoir la penetration des energies renouvelables, comme le solaire ou l'eolien. L'existence de monopoles naturels que sont les reseaux et le maintien de missions d'interet general obligent les pouvoirs publics a accepter de nombreuses exceptions au principe de la libre concurrence, et cela a pu parfois conduire a des effets pervers. Le marche seul ne peut pas orienter les choix energetiques de long terme, mais il constitue un bon aiguillon a l'innovation et a l'efficience. (auteur)