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[en] Technical assistance is today a widespread activity. Large numbers of persons with special qualifications in the applied sciences go to the developing countries to work on specific research and development projects, as do educationists on Fulbright or other programmes - usually to teach elementary or intermediate courses. But I believe that until now it has been rare for a person primarily interested in fundamental research to go to one of these countries to help build up advanced education and pure research work. Having recently returned from such an assignment, and having found it a most stimulating and enlightening experience, I feel moved to urge strongly upon others who may be in a position to do so that they should seek similar experience themselves. The first step is to show that advanced education and fundamental research are badly needed in the under-developed countries.
[en] Some of the more important isotope applications, especially those which are or can be profitably introduced in the developing countries, are reviewed. The use of radioisotopes in industry, medicine, agriculture, and hydrology is discussed
[en] More and more nuclear power reactors are coming into operation in different parts of the world. In June 1962, 19 power stations utilizing five reactor types with a total capacity of 1600 MW were in operation in six countries. By the end of this year there are expected to be 55 stations in ten countries with a total capacity of 4500 MW. In another three years the total capacity is likely to go up to 9500 MW, and at the end of the present decade to 15 000 - 18 000 MW. Many developing countries are interested in determining the most advantageous time for starting power reactor programmes. The data required for such a decision cannot be summarized in a single document, but some guidance in the analysis and interpretation of such data can be obtained from a consideration of the technical status of different power reactors, their cost aspects, the materials required for nuclear power production, and the steps to be taken by a country interested in a nuclear power programme. The power reactors to be considered may be divided into three broad categories: (a) those already in commercial use, (b) those considered promising for the near future, and (c) those based on advanced concepts, whose suitability for industrial use still needs extensive technological and experimental development
[en] The performance of electronic instruments is often affected by climatic conditions prevailing in tropical regions. This constitutes a special problem in atomic energy operations, including the widespread applications of radioisotopes, in which electronic instruments play a vital role. On the one hand, these sensitive devices are at present manufactured only in a limited number of countries, mostly with temperate climates, and on the other hand, many of the developing countries which need these instruments are situated in tropical regions. The Agency convened a meeting of consultants examine the problem and make recommendations as to the technical specifications of nuclear electronic instruments for use in tropical countries. Largely based on these recommendations, a document has now been prepared for providing general guidance to the Agency when purchasing equipment for supply to tropical countries. Some of the main specifications set forth in this document, as well as the considerations underlying them, are briefly summarized in this article
[en] The main concepts motivating the decision to establish an international agency for peaceful uses of atomic energy are presented in the paper. They consists of: 1) co-ordination in the fields of safety field, legal liability and safeguards; 2) ensuring that scientific and technical data are made freely accessible on a worldwide scale and 3) assisting the developing countries in benefiting from this new science and technology and use the atomic energy for economic and social development