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[en] The joint application is a tool, in the flexibility of greenhouse gases emissions reduction, as well as the negotiable license. The principle is simple. To allow to an actor submitted to a quantitative commitment to realize a part of this commitment by financing on the territory of an other country, the emissions reductions that will be placed on its account. The objective is is economical: with the joint application, the developed countries could act in priority where the emissions reductions are the less expensive. But the developing countries perceive this as a mean for rich countries to get round lightly their quantified commitments. (N.C.)
[en] According to the 1996 statistics, the worldwide energy consumption shown a 3.4% increase in 1996 with respect to 0.5% in 1993, 0.7% in 1994 and 1.8% in 1995. This increase is mainly due to the consumption from developing countries: Latin America (4.1%), Middle East (5.8%) and Asia (7%). The decay of the Russian demand has slow down (-2.6%) and the consumption is increasing again in central Europe (2 to 4%). North America remains at its usual rate of 2.1% while Australia's consumption boom (+12.3%) increases the Asia-Pacific value to 3.8%. The 3.2% mean of Western Europe results from a strong demand increase in Northern countries and a reduction in Southern countries. Natural gas is the energy leader with a 4.9% growth with respect to 3% for petroleum. Short paper. (J.S.)
[en] The WHO estimates that seven of every ten cancer deaths now occur in the developing world, amounting to 5.5 million cancer deaths annually. Dr. Chan warned that if no action is taken, cancer deaths in the developing world will continue to grow rapidly, reaching nearly 9 million in 2030. In the same period, cancer deaths in wealthy countries are expected to remain fairly stable.
[en] The engagements to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases by industrialized countries at Kyoto on the 10. of December 1997 are explained and discussed. The text of the agreement is given in its entirety. (N.C.)
[en] The world council in energy recommends different measures for a sustainable development. First, to increase the energy efficiency. In this point of view are: incentive to vehicles efficiency and electricity production efficiency, to encourage industrial people to invest in materials with a better energy efficiency. The second point is to improve the technological transfer in energy and environmental quality. In third point, consumption energy prices must be lined up on energy market prices. The fourth point is about research and development which must become more efficient. The fifth point concerns caution to prevent the atmospheric emissions especially, for diesel engines. the sixth point is about the utilisation of the principle: 'polluter payer'; the final and seventh point is about the use of nuclear energy and the management of nuclear wastes, with all these points it will possible to practice a sustainable development. (N.C.)
[en] Without concerted, coordinated action, over 13 million people worldwide will die from cancer every year by 2030. Almost 9 million of these deaths will be in developing countries. In many low-income countries, there is not a single radiation therapy machine. Millions of people who could be successfully treated die every year. Deaths from the disease disproportionately affect the poorest people in the poorest countries. The IAEA´s expertise lies in radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, radiology and medical radiation physics. And since 1980, the IAEA has delivered over US$220 million worth of cancer-related assistance to developing countries.
[en] New technologies have the potential to boost a country’s development, but a 2017 World Bank study suggests that many developing countries invest relatively little in realizing that technological potential.
[en] China has inaugurated its first facility that uses electron beams to treat industrial wastewater, ushering in a new era of radiation technology for the world’s leading textile producer. Textile dyeing accounts for a fifth of all industrial wastewater pollution generated worldwide. Although several industrialized countries have used radiation to treat some of the effluent from textile dyeing plants, the relocation of much of the industry to developing countries in Asia in recent years has meant that a lot of the wastewater goes untreated.
[en] The concrete content of nuclear know-how is defined, and the present position as to the exchange of know-how is discussed. The new forms which may be taken by this know-how are considered and the results which may be expected from a know-how transfer (both for the exporting and the importing countries) are related
[fr]Apres avoir defini le contenu concret du transfert de technologie nucleaire. On presente la situation actuelle des actions de transfert et analyse leurs conditions generales d'efficacite. On envisage ensuite les formes nouvelles que ces actions pourront revetir et evoque en conclusion les resultats a attendre du transfert de technologie, pour les pays exportateurs et importateurs