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[en] This book gives explanations of the conception of technical innovation, development plan in Korea, connection between technology and a growth factor in national income, problem of technical innovation in developing country, analysis on cooperation between a developed country and a developing country, evaluation and strategy of technical development in Korea, technical innovation of industry, management of technical industry, analysis of special condition in Korea.
[en] This book introduces technology progress and economic growth, theoretical consideration of technology transfer, policy and mechanism on technology transfer of a developed country and a developing country, reality of international technology transfer technology transfer and industrial structure in Asia and the pacific region, technology transfer in Russia, China and Eastern Europe, cooperation of science and technology for development of Northeast Asia and strategy of technology transfer of Korea.
[en] The world is witnessing a new digital economic order which may be quantified by the diffusion of information technology and globalization process. The current information technology gap (digital divide) between developed countries and developing countries is huge. Improvements in information technology (measured by the digital opportunity index) usually open up an opportunity for national/regional growth and development. There is a need for scientific investigation on the digital divide, digital opportunity index and their consequences. This paper presents a critical analysis of existing digital divide and its trends, it also investigates the relationship between the digital divide and the digital opportunity index. A mathematical model based on analysis of the growing digital divide is presented as a possible tool for combating and eradicate the digital divide gap which is only possible if developing and poor nations take advantage of the digital opportunities that can transform them into global competitive partners in digital knowledge economy. (author)
[en] The Agency's Research Contract Programme expanded rapidly. Of the more than one thousand on-going projects within the research programme which are being carried out in 82 Member States, some four-fifths relate to coordinated research efforts. Approximately 80% of the 107 coordinated research programmes now monitored by the Agency's scientific staff relate to the use of isotopes and radiation techniques in the fields of Food and Agriculture, Life Sciences and the Physical Sciences, which are particularly well suited to projects of importance to the developing countries. The average award for each contract each year is now somewhat more than US$ 5000, and an average of some US$ 2 million a year has been made available from the Agency's regular budget in recent years to support research in all fields. Over the life of the programme more than three-quarters of research contract funds have been awarded to institutes in developing countries. Cooperation between institutes in advanced countries and developing countries, and between institutes in the developing countries, is strongly encouraged
[en] As far the poor countries of the world are concerned, during the past twenty years they have had access only to the technologies developed by the rich to suit the rich. It is now beyond question that some of the most daunting problems confronting the majority of the worlds populations stem directly from the kind of technology transferred to them under current aid and development programs. That the technology of the rich is generally inappropriate to meet the needs and resources of the poor countries is becoming more widley recognized both by aid-givers and aid-receivers. Yet it is this technology that continues to be almost exclusively and most powerfully promoted in the developing countries. To meet their needs a new technology must be discovered or devised: one that lies between the sickle and the combine harvester and is small, simple and cheap enough to harmonise withlocal human and material resources and lends itself to widespread reproduction with the minimum of outside help. What we now need most urgently is a new set of technologies, designed, by people who are informed by the need to develop capital-saving technologies capable of being decentralized to the maximum extend. The technology gap is not only wide, but the knowledge an resources required to fill is, although they exist in the industrialized countries, have not been mobilized to provide the right kind of knowledge and to make it available to those who need it. It was to do this that the Intermediate Technology Development Group was set up ten years ago. (orig.) 891 HP 892 EKI
[de]Seither hatten die armen Nationen lediglich Zugang zu Technologien, die von Reichen fuer Reiche entwickelt wurden. Es ist ausserordentlich entmutigend, dass eine Reihe sehr schwerwiegender Probleme, denen sich die Mehrheit der Weltbevoelkerung gegenuebersieht, direkt auf diese Technologien zurueckzufuehren ist, die durch die vorherrschenden Hilfs- und Entwicklungsprogramme verbreitet werden. Sowohl in Industrie- als auch in Entwicklungslaendern beginnt man sich darauf zu besinnen, dass die durch kapital- und energieintensive Grosstechnologien entstandenen Strukturen aus sozialen und humanen Erwaegungen immer weniger akzeptabel werden. Dementsprechend waechst in vielen Industrienationen das Bewusstsein, dass unsere vordringlichsten Aufgaben darin liegen, Moeglichkeiten und Wege zu finden, um die Industrie zu humanisieren, die Umwelt zu schuetzen und nicht regenerierbare Ressourcen zu schonen. Um diese Ziele zu erreichen, brauchen wir Technologien, die eine humane Anwendung unseres Wissens beinhalten, die kleiner, weniger profitgierig, kapital- und energiesparend und laenger einsetzbar sind. Wenn wir uns in dem vorliegenden Aufsatz auf die Beduerfnisse von Entwicklungslaendern beschraenken, so soll das nicht heissen, dass die reichen Nationen ihre Technologien nicht zu aendern brauchten. (orig.)
[en] The International Nuclear Information System of the IAEA, called INIS is the leading information source on peaceful application of nuclear sciences and technology. It is based on international cooperation and decentralized responsibilities. The INIS secretariat cooperates with 114 national and 19 international centres. INIS comprises more than 2.6 mill bibliographic references and more than 600 non-conventional full text papers. INIS assists the user to locate information in his/her field of interest over the time and informs about colleagues as well as the locations of research. INIS offers a single point of access to current and historical information, reliable and value-added information, ensures worldwide visibility for the researcher and addresses the need of developing and developed countries