Results 11 - 20 of 4721
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[en] The joint application is a tool, in the flexibility of greenhouse gases emissions reduction, as well as the negotiable license. The principle is simple. To allow to an actor submitted to a quantitative commitment to realize a part of this commitment by financing on the territory of an other country, the emissions reductions that will be placed on its account. The objective is is economical: with the joint application, the developed countries could act in priority where the emissions reductions are the less expensive. But the developing countries perceive this as a mean for rich countries to get round lightly their quantified commitments. (N.C.)
[en] Two approaches to slowing down the increase of the greenhouse effect are compared: (1) planting of trees, a solution largely considered in international meetings and (2) increase of productivity of agricultural land by soil fertility improvements. Option (2) appears 5 to 10 times cheaper and has a quicker effect on the atmosphere than option (1). It deserves, therefore, higher consideration as a possible option in developing countries. Whereas in industrialized countries with already highly intensive agriculture practices option (1) deserves more attention. (author)
[en] Paper dealing with the topic Energy consumption and economic development (in developed / wealthy and undeveloped / poor regions; energy price, social influence and energy efficiency. 'Brothers and sisters, I want to tell you this. The greatest thing on earth is to have the love of God in your heart, and the next greatest thing is to have electricity in your house.' In the early 1940s a farmer, who had just been connected to the electric grid, gave witness in a rural church in the United States of America(author)
[en] As one of the Dutch newspapers put it, after the end of CoP-6(b) (Convention of Parties) in Bonn: 'Operation successful, patient not yet deceased'. The conference drew the wildest creativity from the Dutch editors. 'Great climate for the greenhouse effect' was another of the headlines. But the media agreed about one thing. The result may not be spectacular, but it is at least something. In conversation, Hayo Haanstra gives us a look behind the scenes at the grand negotiating circus that was the international climate Conference of the Parties, 6th edition, follow-up, Bonn, 16 - 27 July 2001
[en] This book gives explanations of the conception of technical innovation, development plan in Korea, connection between technology and a growth factor in national income, problem of technical innovation in developing country, analysis on cooperation between a developed country and a developing country, evaluation and strategy of technical development in Korea, technical innovation of industry, management of technical industry, analysis of special condition in Korea.
[en] The author, who is Director General of the IAEA, is optimistic about the continued growth of nuclear energy worldwide, despite the accident at Chernobyl. Since then, new reactor orders have been placed in France, Japan, South Korea and Britain. The demand for electricity is rising, in both industrialized and developing countries. In many locations, nuclear is half the price of coal-fired electricity. The average capacity factor of nuclear plants has risen from 61% to 70% in nine years. Although nuclear generation accounts for about 16% worldwide, it is only 3.5% in developing countries; and probably nuclear development will continue to be small in developing countries because of stringent infrastructure requirements and high capital cost. Public confidence in nuclear energy must be regained, and future accidents must be avoided
[en] This book introduces technology progress and economic growth, theoretical consideration of technology transfer, policy and mechanism on technology transfer of a developed country and a developing country, reality of international technology transfer technology transfer and industrial structure in Asia and the pacific region, technology transfer in Russia, China and Eastern Europe, cooperation of science and technology for development of Northeast Asia and strategy of technology transfer of Korea.
[en] Despite significantly contributing to country's overall economic development through providing employment for the people and supplying raw materials for agro- and resource based industrial development, agriculture is putting serious burden on the environment in the process of production and consumption of agricultural produce. It is the largest consumer and polluter of water resources and contributor of atmospheric pollution, land degradation and forest reduction. Agriculture-environmental relationship is complex and the relationship depends on the spatial and biophysical factors and country's level of economic development. This paper tried to document the linkages between agricultural practices and policies with environment. The channels, through which agriculture impacts the environment, is discussed. It is seen that multilateral trade liberalization in agriculture interacts with the domestic agricultural policy reforms to determine the environmental impacts of agriculture. It is seen that agricultural policy reforms and agricultural trade liberalization can have separate environmental effects in the developed and developing countries. A wide range of theoretical and empirical literatures are reviewed, in this paper, to understand the concepts, linkages and environmental problems. Finally, this paper ends up with the conclusion that integrating environmental considerations into domestic agricultural policies and implementing agro-environmental programmes may ensure the decline of environmental problems of agriculture in both the developed and developing countries. (author)