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[en] Since the energy crisis, a number of energy plans have been proposed, and almost all of these envisage some kind of energy demand adaptations or conservation measures, hoping thus to escape the anticipated problems of energy supply. However, there seems to be no clear explanation of the basis on which our foreseeable future energy problems could be eased. And in fact, a first attempt at a more exact definition of energy demand and its interaction with other objectives, such as economic ones, shows that it is a highly complex concept which we still hardly understand. The article explains in some detail why it is so difficult to understand energy demand
[en] Conclusions: ♦ SMR CHP has significant role in heat demand provision considering low emissions scenarios; ♦ SMR only electricity are not built; ♦ Only SMR CHP are ‘interesting’ to PLEXOS model; ♦ Due to high variability of heat demand (season but also during week) SMR CHP has rather low heat CF; ♦ SMR CHPs are superior even to Biomas CHP plants in this model.
[en] The paper describes the Polish experience in using the BALANCE model for the national energy sector. The data on end-use categories either do not exist or are fragmentary with unreliable quality, making it necessary to operate with final energy consumption data. A regression analysis based on statistical data of several OECD countries was made for forecasting energy growth in Poland. Two major problems in using the BALANCE model were found, namely insufficient number of available growth projection sets and lack of modeling of co-generation plants. The brief description of the additional programming tools for the BALANCE module is presented. (author). 5 figs, 1 tab
[en] Dr. Glen T. Seaborg, Leader of the US Delegation to the Third Geneva Conference, at a special evening lecture summed up the results of the ten-day meeting which, he said, brought us to the borders of the age of nuclear power and might be called the Conference of Fulfillment. Perhaps the most impressive indication of progress, he said, was the growth in world installed nuclear capacity - from only 5 MW(e) in 1955 to 185 MW(e) in 1958. Today in 1964 there was almost 5000 MW(e). One could see that, by 1970, the total world nuclear power capacity would be about 25 000 MW(e) and by 1980 this would have increased to 150 000 or 200 000 MW(e)
[en] The strategic guidelines of the Armenian Long-Term State Energy Policy are Energy and Environmental Security, as well as Energy and Budget Efficiency. Nuclear Scenario Fragmentation of Energy Policy Problems: Objective - Minimization of GHG emissions in mid-century long term perspective; Criteria - Estimated Values of the appropriate positions on ecology.
[en] With the worldwide increasing energy demand, the securing of resources and energy supplies for the future has become a very important theme. There is, therefore, no doubt that the importance of nuclear development will continue to increase. So, I think we need to establish common design safety criteria as the basis of nuclear development, and also to promote the international network activities. At present, multilateral international cooperative frameworks for research and development of the next generation reactors are only INPRO and GIF. I would like to emphasize the significance of information exchange and a cooperative partnership between INPRO and GIF, and of taking advantage of the merits that both initiatives offer.