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[en] Ontario Power Generation has a rich history of innovation. With a strong foundation in research and development, we have a reputation as world leaders in the safe and reliable generation of nuclear energy. The world is changing though, and the electrical sector is not immune. Improvements in alternative power generation and challenging pricing models are a clear indication that the nuclear industry must continue to evolve. I will discuss the importance of innovation in the current energy ecosystem and discuss the future of nuclear in Canada and the world. I will also touch on how thinking differently and acting with Innovation Velocity can play a part in shaping the future and have a global impact
[en] Countries in South East and Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia have enormous potential for renewable energy and energy saving. This potential remains largely untapped due to multiple political, financial, technical and social barriers. Energy transition could help solve pressing energy security and health issues, boost economic growth and contribute to democratization and peace building in the region. Some latest developments and best practices in the region are promising. Targeted support of German, EU and international stakeholders could help the countries in the region foster their transition process to green economies.
[en] Primary energy production from biogas in the EU28 countries has increased only slightly since 2017. According to EurObserv'ER, output reached 16.6 Mtoe in 2019, which is marginally higher than in 2018, but around the same level as in 2017. The rollout of regulations less supportive of using food-type energy crops for producing biogas has fuelled this general trend and has been compounded by the limitation on the capacity allocated to biogas tenders and less attractive biogas electricity payment terms. Nonetheless some member countries have posted positive output growth, thanks to their determination to both encourage biomethane injection and recover energy from fermentable waste.
[fr]Le niveau production d'energie primaire a partir de biogaz des pays de l'UE a 28 a peu evolue depuis 2017. Selon EurObserv'ER, elle a atteint un niveau de production de 16,6 Mtep en 2019, en tres legere croissance par rapport a 2018, mais du meme ordre qu'en 2017. Cette tendance generale s'explique par la mise en place de reglementations moins favorables a l'utilisation des cultures energetiques de type alimentaire pour la production de biogaz, ainsi que par la limitation de la puissance allouee aux appels d'offres biogaz et par des conditions de remuneration de l'electricite biogaz moins incitatives. La production de quelques pays membres affiche toutefois une croissance positive, grace a une double volonte de favoriser l'injection de biomethane et la valorisation des dechets fermentescibles.
[en] Biogas has crossed a new threshold in the European Union, as EurObserv'ER puts primary energy output in 2016 at more than 16 million tonnes of oil equivalent. Methanization plants purpose-designed for energy recovery, such as farm biogas, co-digestion biogas and industrial biogas now produce almost three-quarters of the total biogas output leaving landfill sites and wastewater sludge treatment plants far behind.
[fr]Avec une production d'energie primaire, evaluee par EurObserv'ER a plus de 16 millions de tonnes equivalent petrole en 2016, le biogaz a franchi un nouveau palier au sein de l'Union europeenne. Les unites de methanisation specialement concues pour la valorisation energetique, comme le biogaz a la ferme, le biogaz de codigestion et le biogaz industriel, representent desormais pres des trois quarts de la production totale de biogaz, loin devant le biogaz de decharge et le biogaz issu du traitement des boues d'epuration.
[en] The study, carried out by the 'renewable energies' Pole of Competencies and Innovation (PCI) on behalf of the Cerema's PCI 'Politics and development of the mountain', aimed to identify what were the levers and brakes to develop renewable energies in mountain areas. In order not to be too general, but crossed with existing local concerns, this study also attempted to assess the development potential of renewable energies in the territory of the Serre-Poncon-Ubaye-Durance region, which includes 31 municipalities located in mountain areas and is the winner of the 'positive energy territories for green growth' call for projects
[fr]L'etude a ete realisee par le Pole de Competences et d'Innovation (PCI) 'energies renouvelables' pour le compte du PCI 'Politique et amenagement de la montagne' du Cerema. Cette etude a vise a identifier quels etaient les leviers et les freins pour developper les energies renouvelables en zone de montagne. Afin de ne pas etre trop generale, mais croisee avec des preoccupations locales existantes, cette etude s'est attachee egalement a evaluer le potentiel de developpement des energies renouvelables sur le territoire du Pays Serre-Poncon-Ubaye- Durance, compose de 31 communes situees en zone de montagne et laureat de l'appel a projet TEPCV (territoires a energie positive pour la croissance verte)
[en] This article addresses and comments different contradictory aspects of statements and decisions by the French government regarding the renewable energy production in the agriculture sector which already produces 20 pc of the French renewable energy. These aspects are: promotion of the development of renewable energies (with an important promotion of biomethane production), but with a decrease of biomethane purchase prices (which, according to unions and associations, would result in an 'assassination' of the biogas sector), threat of a renegotiation of photovoltaic contracts, but with a promise of a financial support by the Ministry of the Environment
[en] Under the current macro-economic trends, the so far abundant support system for renewables (mainly in the form of feed-in-tariffs and quota systems) has been drastically modified. In many EU countries, companies are trying to find alternative ways to secure financing for their renewable energy projects. Therefore, new ways of attracting private capital for the realisation of green energy goals have to replace the old schemes. Some new forms of financing are coming together with the EU Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 (project guarantees, packaging of small project for micro-financing schemes at the regional level, preferential loan instead of subsidies etc.). Advanced financial structures are likely to play an increasingly important role in the allocation of risk and reward among different investor classes. The finance and investment gap needs to be filled by the private sector. The challenge is to identify the appropriate policy options and financial tools to attract and scale-up private investments. There are, however, already innovative and promising business and financial models to promote the deployment of RES in the EU. The aim of the EurObserv'ER case studies is to find such examples and describe them so as to put forward the best practices and the replicability of the future promising financing mechanisms. EurObserv'ER will aim at choosing only the most promising ones and try to describe them in order to promote replicability in other geographical areas. The selection criteria for the choice of case studies should ensure (i) diversity across regions and RES, (ii) diversity across finance instruments/mechanisms, (iii) success of approach and its potential to be replicated, (iv) and a wide range of the 'size' of actors/ investors and the resulting RES investments (capacity). The current selection also takes into account the fact that there were already some case studies published in 2014, 2015, 2018 and 2019. These are also available for download on the project web site: www.eurobserv-er.org
[en] This publication proposes the 22. World Energy congress statements (official statement, the discussions of the future energy leader's programme, contribution of young French students and researchers, what works and does not work in energy efficiency policies in the world) and indicates its publications (the World Energy Trilemna, and World Energy Scenarios to 2050). The contributions of French speakers are then proposed on the following themes: vision and scenarios for the future, identifying business opportunities with resources and technologies, the energy trilemma or policy solutions to secure prosperity, and securing a sustainable energy future. Other contributions by company and government representatives are provided.
[en] Whereas conventional biofuels will not be enough for the reduction of the use of fossil resources and of greenhouse gas emissions, a set of articles sheds a light on the emergence of a new generation of alternative fuels. If ethanol is the most advanced sector, bio-fuels of second generation are nearly present (the BioTfuel project in Dunkirk which produces biofuels by thermal chemistry from ligno-cellulosic biomass is about to be validated). Research and experimental works regarding the use of micro-algae are evoked for a high efficiency production of biofuels of third generation. The perspective of production of electro-fuels from water, carbon dioxide and renewable electricity is discussed as an alternative to biomass. Finally, the European Sun-to-liquid pilot project is presented
[en] This article first proposes a presentation of the tidal theory and outlines the roles of Newton (to know the phenomenon), Laplace (to understand it) and Poincare (to act on it). The author then describes some tidal characteristics, notice than they can be different in different locations of the planet in frequency (two tides a day here, one tide a day there, or negligible) as well as in amplitude. Then, he addresses the history of cycles of use of tides, notably by exploiting the filling and emptying of basins by means of turbines (simple effect dam, double effect dam, pumping). He evokes some historical projects of tidal power plants in France, and then more particularly the Rance tidal power plant project, the Chausey and Minquiers projects. Article published in 'L'Astronomie' journal, Vol. 69, Dec. 1955, p.449-469.