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[en] Countries in South East and Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia have enormous potential for renewable energy and energy saving. This potential remains largely untapped due to multiple political, financial, technical and social barriers. Energy transition could help solve pressing energy security and health issues, boost economic growth and contribute to democratization and peace building in the region. Some latest developments and best practices in the region are promising. Targeted support of German, EU and international stakeholders could help the countries in the region foster their transition process to green economies.
[en] A number of scientists and other professionals have pushed for nuclear energy, arguing it would help mitigate climate change. The scientists had gathered at the ICAPP 2019 congress in Juan-les-Pins, France, to sign a declaration. There were forty nuclear associations who demanded public investment in the nuclear sector as it has experienced almost stagnant public investment since 2000 (around $4 billion per year for nuclear research and development) and private players too have shown little interest. The scientists gave several reasons for the lack of enthusiasm among the private sector. These included mixed or negative political signals as well as electricity market designs that have had a negative impact on the business case for nuclear energy. They underlined new reactor technologies like small modular reactors, Gen IV reactors and new applications like desalination, district heating, process heat for industry and hydrogen production and emphasised on the need of resources for research and development. The meet also raised the issue of R and D infrastructure, which has become obsolete and needs to be renewed. The statement demanded doubling of public investment in nuclear-related R and D and innovation within the next five years, with a focus on innovative applications of advanced nuclear systems to enable the clean energy mix of the future.
[en] This legal document contains the different modifications and additional arrangements brought to different articles and chapters of the French Code of Energy in order to integrate and to take into account the development of the use of renewable hydrogen as an energy vector, and thus its production, various characteristics of its transport and distribution (traceability for example), administrative and control aspects
[en] Whereas waste managers are looking for new ways to valorise their resources which are sometimes difficult to process, the emergence of pyro-gasification could be interesting for the development of projects. It offers a variety of technical solutions which can be adapted to local needs, but it still lacks public support and even a well suited regulation. These various solutions are briefly overviewed, and the energy valorization aspect is outlined
[en] Biogas has crossed a new threshold in the European Union, as EurObserv'ER puts primary energy output in 2016 at more than 16 million tonnes of oil equivalent. Methanization plants purpose-designed for energy recovery, such as farm biogas, co-digestion biogas and industrial biogas now produce almost three-quarters of the total biogas output leaving landfill sites and wastewater sludge treatment plants far behind.
[fr]Avec une production d'energie primaire, evaluee par EurObserv'ER a plus de 16 millions de tonnes equivalent petrole en 2016, le biogaz a franchi un nouveau palier au sein de l'Union europeenne. Les unites de methanisation specialement concues pour la valorisation energetique, comme le biogaz a la ferme, le biogaz de codigestion et le biogaz industriel, representent desormais pres des trois quarts de la production totale de biogaz, loin devant le biogaz de decharge et le biogaz issu du traitement des boues d'epuration.
[en] Primary energy production from biogas in the EU28 countries has increased only slightly since 2017. According to EurObserv'ER, output reached 16.6 Mtoe in 2019, which is marginally higher than in 2018, but around the same level as in 2017. The rollout of regulations less supportive of using food-type energy crops for producing biogas has fuelled this general trend and has been compounded by the limitation on the capacity allocated to biogas tenders and less attractive biogas electricity payment terms. Nonetheless some member countries have posted positive output growth, thanks to their determination to both encourage biomethane injection and recover energy from fermentable waste.
[fr]Le niveau production d'energie primaire a partir de biogaz des pays de l'UE a 28 a peu evolue depuis 2017. Selon EurObserv'ER, elle a atteint un niveau de production de 16,6 Mtep en 2019, en tres legere croissance par rapport a 2018, mais du meme ordre qu'en 2017. Cette tendance generale s'explique par la mise en place de reglementations moins favorables a l'utilisation des cultures energetiques de type alimentaire pour la production de biogaz, ainsi que par la limitation de la puissance allouee aux appels d'offres biogaz et par des conditions de remuneration de l'electricite biogaz moins incitatives. La production de quelques pays membres affiche toutefois une croissance positive, grace a une double volonte de favoriser l'injection de biomethane et la valorisation des dechets fermentescibles.
[en] The study, carried out by the 'renewable energies' Pole of Competencies and Innovation (PCI) on behalf of the Cerema's PCI 'Politics and development of the mountain', aimed to identify what were the levers and brakes to develop renewable energies in mountain areas. In order not to be too general, but crossed with existing local concerns, this study also attempted to assess the development potential of renewable energies in the territory of the Serre-Poncon-Ubaye-Durance region, which includes 31 municipalities located in mountain areas and is the winner of the 'positive energy territories for green growth' call for projects
[fr]L'etude a ete realisee par le Pole de Competences et d'Innovation (PCI) 'energies renouvelables' pour le compte du PCI 'Politique et amenagement de la montagne' du Cerema. Cette etude a vise a identifier quels etaient les leviers et les freins pour developper les energies renouvelables en zone de montagne. Afin de ne pas etre trop generale, mais croisee avec des preoccupations locales existantes, cette etude s'est attachee egalement a evaluer le potentiel de developpement des energies renouvelables sur le territoire du Pays Serre-Poncon-Ubaye- Durance, compose de 31 communes situees en zone de montagne et laureat de l'appel a projet TEPCV (territoires a energie positive pour la croissance verte)
[en] This article addresses and comments different contradictory aspects of statements and decisions by the French government regarding the renewable energy production in the agriculture sector which already produces 20 pc of the French renewable energy. These aspects are: promotion of the development of renewable energies (with an important promotion of biomethane production), but with a decrease of biomethane purchase prices (which, according to unions and associations, would result in an 'assassination' of the biogas sector), threat of a renegotiation of photovoltaic contracts, but with a promise of a financial support by the Ministry of the Environment
[en] This publication proposes the 22. World Energy congress statements (official statement, the discussions of the future energy leader's programme, contribution of young French students and researchers, what works and does not work in energy efficiency policies in the world) and indicates its publications (the World Energy Trilemna, and World Energy Scenarios to 2050). The contributions of French speakers are then proposed on the following themes: vision and scenarios for the future, identifying business opportunities with resources and technologies, the energy trilemma or policy solutions to secure prosperity, and securing a sustainable energy future. Other contributions by company and government representatives are provided.
[en] The World Energy Council (WEC), in collaboration with global management consulting firm Oliver Wyman, have prepared the fifth edition of the World Energy Trilemma report. This second of a two-part series of reports examines the drivers and risks preventing the development of sustainable energy systems. It then recommends an Agenda for Change to address these risks and to accelerate a global transition to more diversified, and therefore sustainable, energy systems that will present opportunities for economic growth. In response to the 2012 World Energy Trilemma report, describing the policies that more than 40 energy industry CEOs and senior executives consider are necessary to advance sustainable energy systems, the 2013 report describes what public sector stakeholders believe they need from the energy industry. It is based on interviews with more than 50 energy and environmental ministers, policymakers, government officials, representatives from multilateral development banks, international non-governmental organisations, and experts from more than 25 countries. The report also reflects the results of the 2013 Energy Sustainability Index prepared by the WEC in partnership with Oliver Wyman. The Index evaluates how well countries balance the three often conflicting goals of energy sustainability - energy security, energy equity, and environmental sustainability - what the WEC defines as the 'energy trilemma'. Each of the three legs of the trilemma is vital to the economic and social development of a country. Secure energy is critical to fuelling economic growth, energy must be accessible and affordable at all levels of society, and the impact of energy production and energy use on the environment needs to be minimised to combat climate change and maintain good air and water quality. Based on an analysis of 60 data sets used to develop 23 indicators across 129 countries (including 37 non-WEC member countries), the Index provides a comparative ranking and a balance score for how well countries manage the trade-offs among the three core elements of sustainable energy systems - energy security, energy equity, and environmental sustainability. The rank measures overall performance on the Index. For the first time the balance score highlights how well a country manages the trade-offs between each of the dimensions