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[en] Ontario Power Generation has a rich history of innovation. With a strong foundation in research and development, we have a reputation as world leaders in the safe and reliable generation of nuclear energy. The world is changing though, and the electrical sector is not immune. Improvements in alternative power generation and challenging pricing models are a clear indication that the nuclear industry must continue to evolve. I will discuss the importance of innovation in the current energy ecosystem and discuss the future of nuclear in Canada and the world. I will also touch on how thinking differently and acting with Innovation Velocity can play a part in shaping the future and have a global impact
[en] Injecting hydrogen in the natural gas grid poses a number of problems. Does hydrogen hold the key to the great energy transition to come? France and other countries believe this to be the case, and have chosen to invest heavily in the sector. Such spending will be needed to solve the many issues raised by this energy carrier. One such issue is containers, since hydrogen tends to damage metallic materials. At Mines Saint-etienne, Frederic Christien and his teams are trying to answer these questions.
[fr]L'injection d'hydrogene dans le reseau de gaz naturel n'est pas sans poser certains problemes. L'hydrogene represente-t-il la cle de la future grande transition energetique? C'est la conviction de la France, ainsi que d'autres pays qui ont choisi d'investir massivement dans cette filiere. Un budget qui ne sera pas de trop pour resoudre les nombreux problemes souleves par ce vecteur energetique. Parmi eux figure la question de son conditionnement, l'hydrogene ayant tendance a endommager les materiaux metalliques. a Mines Saint-etienne, Frederic Christien et ses equipes tentent d'y apporter des elements de reponse.
[en] Countries in South East and Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia have enormous potential for renewable energy and energy saving. This potential remains largely untapped due to multiple political, financial, technical and social barriers. Energy transition could help solve pressing energy security and health issues, boost economic growth and contribute to democratization and peace building in the region. Some latest developments and best practices in the region are promising. Targeted support of German, EU and international stakeholders could help the countries in the region foster their transition process to green economies.
[en] A number of scientists and other professionals have pushed for nuclear energy, arguing it would help mitigate climate change. The scientists had gathered at the ICAPP 2019 congress in Juan-les-Pins, France, to sign a declaration. There were forty nuclear associations who demanded public investment in the nuclear sector as it has experienced almost stagnant public investment since 2000 (around $4 billion per year for nuclear research and development) and private players too have shown little interest. The scientists gave several reasons for the lack of enthusiasm among the private sector. These included mixed or negative political signals as well as electricity market designs that have had a negative impact on the business case for nuclear energy. They underlined new reactor technologies like small modular reactors, Gen IV reactors and new applications like desalination, district heating, process heat for industry and hydrogen production and emphasised on the need of resources for research and development. The meet also raised the issue of R and D infrastructure, which has become obsolete and needs to be renewed. The statement demanded doubling of public investment in nuclear-related R and D and innovation within the next five years, with a focus on innovative applications of advanced nuclear systems to enable the clean energy mix of the future.
[en] GRTgaz is a European leader in natural gas transportation and a world expert in gas systems. In France, the company operates more than 32,000 km of buried pipelines to transport gas from suppliers to consumers connected to its network: managers of public distribution services that provide gas to municipalities, power plants, industrial sites. GRTgaz has a public service mission to ensure the continuity of supply of natural gas. Along with its subsidiaries - Elengy, the European leader in LNG terminal services, and GRTgaz Deutschland, the operator of the MEGAL transmission network in Germany - GRTgaz plays a key role in the European gas infrastructure scene. The company also exports its know-how internationally, in particular thanks to the services developed by its research centre, RICE (Research and Innovation Center for Energy). As a player in the energy transition, GRTgaz invests in innovative solutions to accommodate as much renewable gas as possible on its network, including hydrogen. The goal is to provide support for these new sectors, and thus contribute to achieving carbon neutrality. This brochure presents GRTgaz assets in 2019: A discreet and efficient network; Commercial and operational excellence (Tailored and scalable services, Focused on needs, A regulated activity, An integrated research centre: RICE, Fuel oil-gas and coal-gas conversion); A responsible company; The energy of all possibilities (NGV and bio-NGV as ecological and competitive fuels, Power to Gas for storing renewable energy, Biogas as a local renewable energy); Beyond French borders (Research and cooperation, GRTgaz Deutschland, Brussels).
[en] The Orano group is a recognized international operator in the field of nuclear materials, mastering cutting-edge technologies and offering its customers high value-added products and services throughout the entire fuel cycle. It thus contributes to the production of low carbon electricity. With profound changes at work in a world facing climate, energy, economic and health challenges, Orano has sought to build a renewed strategic vision A collective undertaking over a period of more than 18 months. In 2020, the Group carried out a collective exercise in co-construction involving the Executive Committee, 1,300 of the Group's managers and co-workers, and more than 130 external stakeholders (customers, suppliers, elected officials, etc.) to reshape its strategic vision. The outcome of this collective reflection was the definition of a purpose, a set of commitments and a road-map to 2030, which now constitute our vision for the company. Through its actions, Orano intends to contribute to the fight against global warming, to the preservation of natural resources and to human health, all of which are major challenges of our century, and Orano is making them central to its purpose: 'To develop know-how in the transformation and control of nuclear materials, for the climate, for a healthy and resource-efficient world, now and tomorrow'. The Group's purpose was validated by the Board of Directors. To meet each of its commitments, Orano has set objectives for the period up to 2030, a 10-year horizon compatible with the transformation that the group wishes to carry out. In order to give a strong impetus to this approach, quantified markers have been set by the teams for as early as 2025.
[en] Biogas has crossed a new threshold in the European Union, as EurObserv'ER puts primary energy output in 2016 at more than 16 million tonnes of oil equivalent. Methanization plants purpose-designed for energy recovery, such as farm biogas, co-digestion biogas and industrial biogas now produce almost three-quarters of the total biogas output leaving landfill sites and wastewater sludge treatment plants far behind.
[fr]Avec une production d'energie primaire, evaluee par EurObserv'ER a plus de 16 millions de tonnes equivalent petrole en 2016, le biogaz a franchi un nouveau palier au sein de l'Union europeenne. Les unites de methanisation specialement concues pour la valorisation energetique, comme le biogaz a la ferme, le biogaz de codigestion et le biogaz industriel, representent desormais pres des trois quarts de la production totale de biogaz, loin devant le biogaz de decharge et le biogaz issu du traitement des boues d'epuration.
[en] Primary energy production from biogas in the EU28 countries has increased only slightly since 2017. According to EurObserv'ER, output reached 16.6 Mtoe in 2019, which is marginally higher than in 2018, but around the same level as in 2017. The rollout of regulations less supportive of using food-type energy crops for producing biogas has fuelled this general trend and has been compounded by the limitation on the capacity allocated to biogas tenders and less attractive biogas electricity payment terms. Nonetheless some member countries have posted positive output growth, thanks to their determination to both encourage biomethane injection and recover energy from fermentable waste.
[fr]Le niveau production d'energie primaire a partir de biogaz des pays de l'UE a 28 a peu evolue depuis 2017. Selon EurObserv'ER, elle a atteint un niveau de production de 16,6 Mtep en 2019, en tres legere croissance par rapport a 2018, mais du meme ordre qu'en 2017. Cette tendance generale s'explique par la mise en place de reglementations moins favorables a l'utilisation des cultures energetiques de type alimentaire pour la production de biogaz, ainsi que par la limitation de la puissance allouee aux appels d'offres biogaz et par des conditions de remuneration de l'electricite biogaz moins incitatives. La production de quelques pays membres affiche toutefois une croissance positive, grace a une double volonte de favoriser l'injection de biomethane et la valorisation des dechets fermentescibles.
[en] Under the current macro-economic trends, the so far abundant support system for renewables (mainly in the form of feed-in-tariffs and quota systems) has been drastically modified. In many EU countries, companies are trying to find alternative ways to secure financing for their renewable energy projects. Therefore, new ways of attracting private capital for the realisation of green energy goals have to replace the old schemes. Some new forms of financing are coming together with the EU Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 (project guarantees, packaging of small project for micro-financing schemes at the regional level, preferential loan instead of subsidies etc.). Advanced financial structures are likely to play an increasingly important role in the allocation of risk and reward among different investor classes. The finance and investment gap needs to be filled by the private sector. The challenge is to identify the appropriate policy options and financial tools to attract and scale-up private investments. There are, however, already innovative and promising business and financial models to promote the deployment of RES in the EU. The aim of the EurObserv'ER case studies is to find such examples and describe them so as to put forward the best practices and the replicability of the future promising financing mechanisms. EurObserv'ER will aim at choosing only the most promising ones and try to describe them in order to promote replicability in other geographical areas. The selection criteria for the choice of case studies should ensure (i) diversity across regions and RES, (ii) diversity across finance instruments/mechanisms, (iii) success of approach and its potential to be replicated, (iv) and a wide range of the 'size' of actors/ investors and the resulting RES investments (capacity). The current selection also takes into account the fact that there were already some case studies published in 2014, 2015, 2018 and 2019. These are also available for download on the project web site: www.eurobserv-er.org
[en] This publication proposes the 22. World Energy congress statements (official statement, the discussions of the future energy leader's programme, contribution of young French students and researchers, what works and does not work in energy efficiency policies in the world) and indicates its publications (the World Energy Trilemna, and World Energy Scenarios to 2050). The contributions of French speakers are then proposed on the following themes: vision and scenarios for the future, identifying business opportunities with resources and technologies, the energy trilemma or policy solutions to secure prosperity, and securing a sustainable energy future. Other contributions by company and government representatives are provided.