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[en] Injecting hydrogen in the natural gas grid poses a number of problems. Does hydrogen hold the key to the great energy transition to come? France and other countries believe this to be the case, and have chosen to invest heavily in the sector. Such spending will be needed to solve the many issues raised by this energy carrier. One such issue is containers, since hydrogen tends to damage metallic materials. At Mines Saint-etienne, Frederic Christien and his teams are trying to answer these questions.
[fr]L'injection d'hydrogene dans le reseau de gaz naturel n'est pas sans poser certains problemes. L'hydrogene represente-t-il la cle de la future grande transition energetique? C'est la conviction de la France, ainsi que d'autres pays qui ont choisi d'investir massivement dans cette filiere. Un budget qui ne sera pas de trop pour resoudre les nombreux problemes souleves par ce vecteur energetique. Parmi eux figure la question de son conditionnement, l'hydrogene ayant tendance a endommager les materiaux metalliques. a Mines Saint-etienne, Frederic Christien et ses equipes tentent d'y apporter des elements de reponse.
[en] On December 13, 2011, Luc Oursel, CEO, and Pierre Aubouin, Chief Financial Officer presented the group's strategic plan for the period 2012-2016. The plan has been drawn up collectively and is based on a thorough-going analysis and a realistic assessment of perspectives for all group activities and associated resources. Development of nuclear and renewable energies: the fundamentals are unchanged. In this context, the German decision remains an isolated case and the great majority of nuclear programs around the world have been confirmed. More conservative in its projections than the International Energy Agency, the group expects growth of 2.2% annually, reaching 583 GW of installed nuclear capacity by 2030, against 378 GW today. However, the Fukushima accident will lead to delays in launching new programs. 'Action 2016' plan aims to consolidate AREVA's leadership in nuclear energy and become a leading player in renewable energy. The group's strategic action plan 'Action 2016' is based on the following strategic choices: - commercial priority given to value creation, - selectivity in investments, - strengthening of the financial structure. These demand an improvement in the group's performance by 2015. This plan makes nuclear safety a strategic priority for the industrial and commercial performance of the group. This ambitious performance plan for the period 2012-2016 will give the group the wherewithal to withstand a temporary slowdown in the market resulting from the Fukushima accident and to deliver safe and sustainable growth of the business. The plan sets out the strategic direction for the group's employees for the years ahead: taking advantage of the expected growth in nuclear and renewable energies, targeted investment programs, and return to self-financing as of 2014
[en] A number of scientists and other professionals have pushed for nuclear energy, arguing it would help mitigate climate change. The scientists had gathered at the ICAPP 2019 congress in Juan-les-Pins, France, to sign a declaration. There were forty nuclear associations who demanded public investment in the nuclear sector as it has experienced almost stagnant public investment since 2000 (around $4 billion per year for nuclear research and development) and private players too have shown little interest. The scientists gave several reasons for the lack of enthusiasm among the private sector. These included mixed or negative political signals as well as electricity market designs that have had a negative impact on the business case for nuclear energy. They underlined new reactor technologies like small modular reactors, Gen IV reactors and new applications like desalination, district heating, process heat for industry and hydrogen production and emphasised on the need of resources for research and development. The meet also raised the issue of R and D infrastructure, which has become obsolete and needs to be renewed. The statement demanded doubling of public investment in nuclear-related R and D and innovation within the next five years, with a focus on innovative applications of advanced nuclear systems to enable the clean energy mix of the future.
[en] France is currently engaged in the energy transition where ambitious goals are at stake to allow the country to be one of the leading European countries in renewable energies. The cost of onshore wind is getting more and more competitive and for this reason, wind energy professionals are committed in contributing actively to reach the 32 % objective of renewable energies in the final energy consumption and 40 % of renewable energies in the electricity mix for 2030. 2014 was marked by a swift growth of the installed onshore wind energy, the positive trend is confirmed in 2015 with more than 500 MW connected to the grid in the first half of the year, corresponding to the annual forecast of 1,200 MW for 2015. Thanks to the energy transition law, operational policies will be implemented through the multi-annual energy programming (PPE- programmation pluriannuelle de l'energie). France will therefore continue increasing its development of renewable energies. This law will also allow France to develop offshore wind energy and to strengthen its position regarding wind energy: with an objective of 15 GW of fixed offshore wind energy and 6 GW of floating wind energy to be built in the 2030 horizon, the sector will be able to guarantee its development, especially in the current context of strong worldwide competition. Some 10,000 direct and indirect jobs are awaited for offshore wind energy on the national territory and wind energy professionals underline that the development of the offshore wind sector will contribute to the economic dynamism of the country. This sector is thus a job creating sector as confirmed in the figures of the wind employment monitor (observatoire de l'emploi) in France, recording a significant growth in 2013 with 10,800 jobs. This upward trend was confirmed in 2014. This proves the continuous commitment of the wind industry in seeing the success of the energy transition in France in a context marked by numerous energy and climate events. This sector proves, once again, its significance and impact by responding the requirements of the society in terms of environmental protection, job creation, regional development, urbanisation etc. This wind energy directory is more than a practical tool displaying the wind energy in sector France: it details companies active in the sector as well as the major stakeholders in France and in the world
[en] AREVA announced the acquisition of a 51% stake in Multibrid, a designer and manufacturer of multi-megawatt off-shore wind turbines based in Germany. With this acquisition, AREVA has entered into a joint venture with Prokon Nord, a German off-shore wind turbine and biomass plant developer and current owner of Multibrid. This transaction values Multibrid at euro 150 million. AREVA plans to rapidly further develop Multibrid's activities by giving the company access to its industrial resources, financial base and international commercial network. In return, Multibrid will provide AREVA with its leading-edge technology which, developed for 5 MW turbines, can achieve a very high output while reducing operating costs thanks to a simplified maintenance system. With this stake in Multibrid, AREVA aims to increase its presence on the offshore wind market that meets land settlement requirements and that should grow significantly in the years to come (from 300 MW in Europe today to an expected 1400 MW by 2011). As an exclusive supplier of Prokon Nord, Multibrid will participate in projects such as Borkum West (30 MW), the first offshore project in Germany, Borkum West 2 (400 MW), and Cote d'Albatre (105 MW), the first offshore wind farm project in France. The stake in Multibrid strengthens AREVA's strategic positioning on the CO2-free energy market, thanks to complementary solutions ranging from nuclear technologies to renewables. A number of recent achievements illustrate this strategy: - bio-energy (crucial energy supply in numerous rural areas): delivery of turnkey biomass power plants; ongoing construction of 10 plants in India, Thailand and Brazil; future development plans in fast-growing regions, such as Latin America; - wind power: Multibrid adds to the Group's stake in REpower and to its partnership with Suzlon for which AREVA is the number one supplier of transmission and distribution solutions for wind power; - hydrogen and fuel cells: design and manufacture of power systems at Helion, a dedicated subsidiary; wide range of potential applications (emergency generators for hospitals and communication systems, clean urban transport)
[en] All, or nearly all, claim that they are sensitive to environmental concerns. This does not, however, stop French banks, most prominently Societe Generale and BNP Paribas, from bankrolling natural gas fracking, an industry which has adverse effects on water resources, local communities, and the global climate. This is the conclusion of a study commissioned by Friends of the Earth Europe. The study details the source of investments and loans financing the oil and gas companies most active in the global fracking industry. In contrast to French banks, other large banks have excluded natural gas fracking from their investment portfolios
[en] Mirova is publishing the first measurement of its equity portfolios' carbon impact. They total euro 2.8 billion and 47% of its assets under management, in accordance with the commitments made as part of the Montreal Carbon Pledge and the Portfolio Decarbonization Coalition. This measurement has been carried out using Carbon Impact Analytics, an innovative methodology co-developed with Carbone 4, which emphasises: - Emissions induced by the activity of investees on their overall scope of responsibility, from cradle to grave, - Emissions avoided through the implementation of low-carbon strategies. The consolidated equity Portfolio presents induced emissions that are less than half that of a European benchmark (97 tCO_2/Meuro vs. 222 tCO_2/Meuro). This performance owes its strength mainly to the absence of very high-carbon companies (coal or oil) in all of Mirova's portfolios. As for its European environmental strategy, Mirova presents avoided emissions that are more than three times higher than the benchmark (-43 tCO_2/Meuro vs. -12 tCO_2/Meuro), thanks to investments specifically targeting leading companies providing low-carbon solutions. This particular investment strategy illustrates Mirova's determination to be aligned with a scenario in which the rise in temperatures does not exceed the 2 deg. C threshold. (authors)
[en] This conference was organised in the framework of the CrowdFundRES European project (European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 646435). Its objectives were: - to provide a comprehensive overview of solar energy crowd-funding in Europe and in France; - to inform about the French legal framework; - to answer the pending questions regarding the conditions of application of the call for bids; - to identify the most suitable modalities for project developers; - to shed light on the possibilities offered to local communities and to their citizens; - to present concrete examples of realisations with their experience feedback; - to exchange on crowd-funding structuring at the service of energy transition in France and in regions. This document brings together the different presentations (slides) given at this conference
[en] As a public utility, GRTgaz ensures that the natural gas market in France functions smoothly, in the interests of all consumers: - industrial sites and gas-fired power plants directly connected to the transmission network, - households, local authorities and businesses supplied by distribution networks, which are in turn supplied by the transmission network. Connected to LNG terminals on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts, to neighbouring European networks and underground storage facilities, the GRTgaz transmission network provides access to diverse supply sources. It thus contributes to both France's and Europe's energy security and the competitiveness of our industry. The transmission of natural gas via underground pipelines is a safe, inconspicuous and economical way of transporting large quantities of energy while protecting local activities, landscape and biodiversity. It is therefore a driver of future energy solutions, which favour the development of renewable energies, including renewable gas. This brochure summarizes GRTgaz activities and stresses on the company qualities: inconspicuous and efficient network, Commercial and operational excellence, commitment and success with its partners, facilitating the development of wind and solar energies, injection of renewable gas within the network, Power-to-Gas development for storing renewable electricity renewable energy
[en] Second-generation biofuels produced from lingo-cellulosic biomass are now one of the main technological options for reducing the climatic impacts imposed by fuels used in transportation. These processes are designed to significantly boost the quantities of biofuels available and to take over from their first-generation counterparts, given the ready availability of raw materials and their excellent environmental performances. They are already the subject of multiple pre-industrial scale projects in many regions of the world as part of R and D programs, and the first industrial installations are already operational or under construction, the majority of them in Europe and the United States. They now require a stable regulatory framework in order to progress to the industrial learning stage required for them to become fully competitive. This is why the current uncertainties surrounding regulations in Europe and to a lesser extent in the United States could delay their development. (authors)