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[en] Ontario Power Generation has a rich history of innovation. With a strong foundation in research and development, we have a reputation as world leaders in the safe and reliable generation of nuclear energy. The world is changing though, and the electrical sector is not immune. Improvements in alternative power generation and challenging pricing models are a clear indication that the nuclear industry must continue to evolve. I will discuss the importance of innovation in the current energy ecosystem and discuss the future of nuclear in Canada and the world. I will also touch on how thinking differently and acting with Innovation Velocity can play a part in shaping the future and have a global impact
[en] A number of scientists and other professionals have pushed for nuclear energy, arguing it would help mitigate climate change. The scientists had gathered at the ICAPP 2019 congress in Juan-les-Pins, France, to sign a declaration. There were forty nuclear associations who demanded public investment in the nuclear sector as it has experienced almost stagnant public investment since 2000 (around $4 billion per year for nuclear research and development) and private players too have shown little interest. The scientists gave several reasons for the lack of enthusiasm among the private sector. These included mixed or negative political signals as well as electricity market designs that have had a negative impact on the business case for nuclear energy. They underlined new reactor technologies like small modular reactors, Gen IV reactors and new applications like desalination, district heating, process heat for industry and hydrogen production and emphasised on the need of resources for research and development. The meet also raised the issue of R and D infrastructure, which has become obsolete and needs to be renewed. The statement demanded doubling of public investment in nuclear-related R and D and innovation within the next five years, with a focus on innovative applications of advanced nuclear systems to enable the clean energy mix of the future.
[en] GRTgaz is a European leader in natural gas transportation and a world expert in gas systems. In France, the company operates more than 32,000 km of buried pipelines to transport gas from suppliers to consumers connected to its network: managers of public distribution services that provide gas to municipalities, power plants, industrial sites. GRTgaz has a public service mission to ensure the continuity of supply of natural gas. Along with its subsidiaries - Elengy, the European leader in LNG terminal services, and GRTgaz Deutschland, the operator of the MEGAL transmission network in Germany - GRTgaz plays a key role in the European gas infrastructure scene. The company also exports its know-how internationally, in particular thanks to the services developed by its research centre, RICE (Research and Innovation Center for Energy). As a player in the energy transition, GRTgaz invests in innovative solutions to accommodate as much renewable gas as possible on its network, including hydrogen. The goal is to provide support for these new sectors, and thus contribute to achieving carbon neutrality. This brochure presents GRTgaz assets in 2019: A discreet and efficient network; Commercial and operational excellence (Tailored and scalable services, Focused on needs, A regulated activity, An integrated research centre: RICE, Fuel oil-gas and coal-gas conversion); A responsible company; The energy of all possibilities (NGV and bio-NGV as ecological and competitive fuels, Power to Gas for storing renewable energy, Biogas as a local renewable energy); Beyond French borders (Research and cooperation, GRTgaz Deutschland, Brussels).
[en] The main objective of this thesis is to define and study the hydrogen social acceptability process, as well as the challenges of the energy transition in territories. Two fields of study with a hydrogen mobility demonstration project were selected: Navibus H2 (Nantes) and HyWay (Lyon). For comparison, this thesis includes the results of a study completed upstream, on a third field, GRHYD (Dunkirk). Hydrogen is relatively unheralded by the general public, therefore the methodology for studying was built using various theoretical concepts. The survey was conducted by questionnaire and interviews. In Nantes, it was conducted upstream the demonstration, with users of a river shuttle, the actors of the district served by this shuttle and the project directors. In Lyon, it was conducted while the demonstration, with drivers of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and members of the metropolitan organisation. Statistical and textual analyses provided comparisons between the results, as well as one with those of the preliminary survey conducted in Dunkirk. Dealing with perceptions, representations, expectations and attitudes related to hydrogen, makes possible to study how they are shared between groups. It finally leads to think about how to consider a social acceptability study related to demonstration projects, as well as its advantages to engage an energy transition in territories. (author)
[fr]L'objectif principal de cette these de doctorat consiste a definir et etudier le processus de co-construction de l'acceptabilite sociale de l'hydrogene, ainsi que les enjeux qu'il represente pour la transition energetique dans les territoires. Pour cela, deux terrains d'etudes ont ete selectionnes, qui comprennent chacun un projet de demonstration de mobilite liee a l'hydrogene: Navibus H2 (Nantes) et HyWay (Lyon). A titre comparatif, les resultats d'une etude realisee en amont de la these sur un troisieme terrain, GRHYD (Communaute Urbaine de Dunkerque), ont egalement ete integres a cette these. La methodologie, faisant appel a divers concepts theoriques, a ete concue pour apprehender le fait que le sujet d'etude soit peu connu du grand public. Les enquetes ont ete realisees par questionnaire et par entretiens: a Nantes, en amont de la demonstration, aupres d'usagers d'une navette fluviale electrique et d'acteurs du quartier desservi par cette navette, et a Lyon, en cours de demonstration, aupres d'utilisateurs de vehicules electriques fonctionnant avec de l'hydrogene, ainsi qu'aupres de charges de mission et d'elus de la metropole. Les resultats sont ensuite analyses a partir d'analyses statistiques et textuelles, puis compares entre eux, ainsi qu'a ceux de l'enquete prealable realisee a Dunkerque. Il a pu ainsi etre mis en evidence un ensemble de representations, d'attentes ou d'attitudes liees a l'hydrogene et plus ou moins partagees entre les groupes etudies. Une reflexion est ensuite proposee sur la maniere d'envisager une etude d'acceptabilite sociale en lien avec des projets de demonstration, ainsi que les atouts que cela represente pour une transition energetique dans les territoires. (auteur)
[en] Whereas new skills and new tools have been created for local communities to support them in the development of projects related to renewable energies, this publication first proposes an overview of the different parts of the role these communities can play to favour the emergence of projects, to develop and to support projects, to participate to project funding, and to communicate and to inform actors of the territory. Various actions are associated with these action axes, and figures indicate the distributions of the various tools used to develop such projects, and the various energy aspects which are addressed by these projects. Two main ways for communities to enter directly the governance of a project of renewable energies on their territory are identified: participation to the capital of a private company (description of the associated legal framework, before and after the adoption of the law for Energy-Climate), and use of intermediate structures (local public companies, local board). An overview of tools of participatory finance is then proposed. Tools aimed at supporting project funding are addressed; they may concern the development phase or the construction phase, and several bodies and organisations can provide financial support. A table indicates provisional objectives (by 2023 and by 2028) of energy production for the different renewable energies, as mentioned in the French multi-year energy programming (PPE). Maps indicate the present level of renewable production in the French regions
[en] After having presented the various reasons for the development of a solar map (aid to decision, assessment of the potential to cover energy needs, identification of areas of production of solar energy, information of owners, triggering of a dynamics for individual or collective projects), this publication proposes a methodology for the design and development of solar projects. It comprises the access to geographical and climatic data regarding the territory, a modelling of the received solar energy, a calculation of solar potentials, a passage from a cartographic analysis to an economic analysis, the diffusion of results and the support to project holders, and the passage from a simple information to a territorial planning. Some principles are stated for communities which prefer to entrust an external provider to carry out the elaboration of the solar map. The case of the Brest Metropole is briefly reported as a return on experience
[en] This academic report produced within the framework of the 'Sustainable town planning and Territorial projects' curriculum aims at proposing some analysis elements for the issue of energy transition by means of renewable energies, notably with the contribution of onshore wind energy. Based on a bibliographical study, the author first proposes an overview of the national institutional and political context. In a second part, based on the examination of projects developed by the Aalto Power company, he proposes a presentation of wind energy industrial sector and its operational mechanisms. In a third part, he reports an analysis of the anti-wind energy criticism, and proposes another possible vision of the renewable energy project for a sustainable and citizen-based energy transition.
[fr]La lutte contre le rechauffement climatique annonce devient l'un des enjeux majeurs de notre societe moderne. Afin de relever ce defi, la Transition ecologique et energetique doit permettre la transformation de nos pratiques et modes de vie, en vue d'un developpement durable. Pour y parvenir, les energies Renouvelables sont au coeur de la transition energetique, constituant le mix energetique de la France demain et la sortie des energies fossiles. La France s'est fixe des objectifs ambitieux en termes de developpement d'energie renouvelable: d'ici a 2030, le mix energetique national devra comporter 32 % d'energie renouvelable dont 40 % d'electricite d'origine renouvelable. Le Gouvernement, dans sa strategie energetique renouvelable, a positionne l'energie eolienne terrestre, comme 'le pilier de sa transition energetique'. Aujourd'hui, l'eolien terrestre represente plus de 1500 parcs eoliens. Pour atteindre les objectifs de la Programmation Pluriannuelle de l'Energie, son deploiement doit maintenant etre accelere et sa puissance devra etre multiplie par 2,5 d'ici 2028. Cet essor incroyable et dans un calendrier aussi restreint doit s'accompagner d'une parfaite maitrise des enjeux territoriaux lies a ce developpement industriel eolien. Les collectivites territoriales et acteurs publics, doivent jouer un role preponderant dans la strategie de developpement eolien. Cette derniere doit s'inscrire dans une demarche energetique territoriale, specifique au projet de chaque territoire. Pourtant, les pratiques operationnelles du developpement eolien ne refletent pas cette vision d'une planification territoriale eolienne reflechie. Un mouvement anti eolien se developpe, lie au refus d'acceptabilite des projets eoliens sur leur territoire. La pensee anti eolienne s'inscrit egalement dans une critique de l'ensemble du systeme technico-economique de la filiere eolienne en place. La place du citoyen pourrait alors etre une cle de l'acceptabilite du projet eolien a condition que le processus de participation citoyenne s'accompagne d'un mode de gouvernance du projet energetique et du sens donne aux energies renouvelables. La transition ne constitue pas qu'un virage industriel, mais correspond a une nouvelle direction a donner pour le developpement de notre societe moderne, aujourd'hui destructrice. La Transition semble possible mais elle ne pourra se faire sans l'engagement du citoyen et de son action politique. (auteur)
[en] Whereas the development of methanization in France could be interesting, this publication outlines that this development could lead to the implementation of a concept possibly diverted by an economic system which looks for profit on the short term. Thus, it outlines and discusses limitations and risks of methanization regarding land grabbing, the uncertainty of the supposed additional revenue for farmers, the risk to freeze agricultural systems, the issue of digestate management. In a second part, it states some orientations for an energy project compliant with a peasant agriculture through energy saving, and through the development of a peasant methanization while impeding a methanization which grabs resources.
[en] This publication proposes abstracts of contributions presented during this conference. The contributions addressed the following topics: the absorption spectrum and optical detection of gaseous hydrogen and of its isotopes; hydrogen and the definition of governance for energy transition; biological production of hydrogen (from the control of the microbial metabolism to the bio-reactor); risk management and impacts of hydrogen underground storage; materials for hydrogen purification and storage; mineralogical transformations and localised production of hydrogen and of abiotic organic compounds during the low temperature alteration of ocean lithosphere; low temperature serpentinization; native hydrogen in ophiolite contexts and cratonic basins (possible expectations for large scale productions); mechanisms and biotechnological stakes of biological production of hydrogen by micro-algae; monitoring of a hydrogen system in continental environment; dihydrogen produced by water radiolysis on model systems such as titanium oxide and calcite in solution. The abstracts of about twenty posters are also provided.
[en] In order to strengthen the action of non-state actors and give credibility to climate stabilisation scenarios, the Climate Chance Association launched in 2018 a Global Observatory of Non-State Climate Action, which aims to explain the evolution of greenhouse gas emissions, by crossing national public policies, with sectoral dynamics, strategies of private actors, local public policies, and all the actions undertaken by non-state actors at the local level. In this book, we synthesize the elements of evaluation and assessment from members of the main local and subnational networks engaged in fighting climate change (Section I), we propose 13 new case studies of cities and regions analyzing the alignment of their local public policies (Section II), and finally we offer an illustrative and interactive global overview of local public policies led in 2019 through 80 short illustrations (Section III).