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[en] The participants at the Conference called on decision makers both in the European Union (EU) and in Slovakia to provide fair treatment to nuclear power compared with other energy sources, especially with renewable, without prejudice to nuclear safety. This implies ensuring equality in terms of economics, tax, and accounting for externalities. The participants called on the Slovak government to initiate studies that compare the full life-cycle costs, impacts and risks, across the spectrum of energy sources and uses. They should also internalize the external costs. The participants called for a debate on the Slovak energy needs, taking into account the environmental impact of all potential sources of energy and the costs of providing electricity from those sources, and in addition a rational and objective analysis of the security of supply of those sources. It is necessary to have a range of sources for electricity generation that are cost effective and reliable, and respect the environment. The Slovak economy cannot withstand a sudden loss of its guaranteed energy supply. The participants believe that the major government role is setting overall policy for the economy, energy and the environment, with an adequate base in legislation and institutional competence. The Slovak government should have clear strategies for achieving self-sufficient energy-policy goals with reserve power and for meeting climate-change and air-quality goals. The Conference concluded that the nuclear option should remain open in Slovakia, as part of a balanced energy mix, in line with developments abroad and the EU Green Paper from 2000; the alternative is Slovak's failure to secure an affordable energy supply for its citizens. The participants supported the completion of Mochovce 3, 4, complying with enhanced safety requirements, as the most effective option. In Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) privatization, the government should insist on as large an involvement of Slovak firms in the completion as possible. The Slovak participants at the Conference stated with deep concern that the commitment of the Slovak government to close V1 Bohunice, accepted during EU pre-entry negotiations and reminding energy imperialism, as warned by the former Finnish premier Paavo Lipponen, is not fair as it is based on a political appraisal from G7 summit in Munich in 1992 that VVER-440/V230 reactors cannot be upgraded with reasonable costs, which had been disproved by the Slovak evidence. The participants called on the Slovak government and the future Slovak members of the European Parliament to revive negotiations on a revision of this groundless commitment. The participants called on the European nuclear community to support the Slovak demand to revise the commitment to close the two V1 Bohunice units and to complete the construction of the Mochovce units 3 and 4. So the major message from the Conference is: Go Nuke Slovakia!
[en] A special tax for monopolies is not the only new tax the cabinet of Robert Fico is yet to introduce. As of the beginning of the year, new excise taxes prescribed by Brussels should have entered into force in Slovakia. According to the new arrangements, we should pay for energy consumed and for the coal and natural gas used to produce heat. And so the energy prices for companies should have already increased. Although the deadline set by the European Commission has already passed, the cabinet has still not completed the final version of the relevant legislation. Work stopped after the elections. The Ministry is very careful when it comes to making statements related to the excise tax. 'We do not wish to talk about details. There are still some minor issues that require fine tuning,' said Adrian Belanik, General Director of the Tax and Customs Section. Companies will have to get ready for the new costs related to the new excise taxes. The only thing that is clear is that the new taxes will be paid on the electricity and fuel used for heat production. (authors)
[en] The greatest potential for the future development of renewable energy in the region lies in biomass. It is comprised of materials of plant and animal origin, fit for an energy utilisation. Slovakia is considered to have ideal natural conditions for developing the biomass energy, it is definitely among countries that are rich in biomass. But the environmental awareness in Slovakia is still low and many people consider biomass as a fuel used by nature enthusiasts and environmentalists. A successful project implementation, in which people can see in practice that pellets are a competitive and a cost-effective heating fuel, might be a 'first step' overcoming the people's mistrustfulness. A real development of renewables will only be possible on the assumption of effective supportive legislative and economic measures such as: incentive purchase prices, soft investment credits in the construction of installations, country-wide support schemes, promotion of domestic manufacture of equipment, tax relief and strong research support. (authors)
[en] Based on the proposal of the Minister of Economy L. Jahnatek, the government resolved that in so called general economic interest the electric power producers have to guarantee for households and small enterprises the supply of at least (!) 6 TWh a year for the price that will be defined by the Regulatory Office for Network Industries (URSO). It means that it is necessary to supply 6 and more TWh, so it can freely be not only regulation of the whole production of Slovakia, that reached almost 28 TWh last year, but also the electric power that is necessary to import to satisfy the consumption in Slovakia which is approximately 30 TWh a year. (author)
[en] The aim of this contribution is to familiarize potential person concerned in obtaining of support for projects of utilization of renewable energy sources from the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic through so-called 'Programme for realization of environmental measures' which is managed by the Section for realization of environmental measures
[en] The research dealing with lifespan of selected components from nuclear plants started officially on 26 June 2012. 'Centrum pre vedu a vyskum, s.r.o.' a subsidiary of Slovenske Elektrarne received a grant for the project from eurofunds. Slovenske elektrarne makes investments amounting to 8 - 10 million per year into innovations, safety, and research in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authorised project crowns a long-lasting effort. (author)
[en] Alternative sources of energy represent a great area of progress nowadays. The trend of the 21. century is energetically demanding with an increaming tendency to use fossil fuels, sources of which are however limited. The article will deal with an inevitability of the use of marketing tools with the aim to increase the share of these energetic resources on the Slovak market. The result will be obtaining of some financial advantage for future users on one side and the increase of volume of sales for vendors on the other side. (authors)
[en] This paper deals with the history of discoveries and scientists which worked in the Siemens company. First Nobel prize winners from Siemens company was Gustav Ludwig Hertz from Hamburg. In his doctoral dissertation he deals with the study of collisions of electrons with molecules of gases. In the physics this experiment is known as 'Franc and Hertz experiment', which confirmed state of energy in Bohr theory and in 1925 he obtained Nobel prize. In 1945, as a director of the Department of physics in the research laboratories of Siemens, he constructed cyclotron kernel - magnet with mass of 80 tonnes. The second Nobel prize winner was Dennis Gabor worked in the Laboratory for measurement and medicinal technology in Siemensstadt (Berlin). When he tried to increase the resolution of electron microscopy he discovered the holography (method of 3-dimensional imaging). In 1971 he obtained the Nobel prize. The third scientist - Ernst Ruska discovered electron microscope. At Siemens, he was involved in developing the first commercially-produced electron microscope in 1939. In 1986, Ernst Ruska was awarded half of the Nobel Prize in Physics for his many achievements in electron optics.