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[en] About 220.000 people are working in French nuclear industry which makes this industry sensitive to issues like recruitment and training. This industry has a poor image among the young generation and faces difficulties to enlist. The main difficulty is to convince young graduates that nuclear industry is an industry for the future despite the fact that only one reactor is being built in France and the shutdown of Fessenheim. In order to overcome this difficulty the government has launched the EDEC plan. The EDEC plan will allow actions for preserving jobs, increasing attractiveness of the nuclear sector and supporting graduating curriculum in nuclear engineering. (A.C.)
[en] Radiology residents review information available on fellowship program websites for shortlisting programs and for applying for fellowships. The aim of this study was to evaluate the comprehensiveness of musculoskeletal (MSK) fellowship program websites. The content of US and Canadian MSK fellowship program websites was evaluated using 25 distinct criteria in the following domains: application, recruitment, research, clinical, education, clinical work, benefits. Programs without websites were excluded from analysis. In Canada and the USA, there were 100 MSK fellowship programs, 90 of them having dedicated websites. The average score across all programs was 9.5/25 or 38%. The most comprehensive program included 18/25 items or 72%. The least comprehensive program included only 1/25 items or 4%. The median score across all programs was 9/25 or 36%.More programs included information on the application process (65.5/90, 72.8%; SD 24.7%) than in education/research (24/90, 26.7%; SD 17.3%) or incentives (12.5/90, 13.9%; SD 7.8%).Mean scores amongst US schools did not differ based on geographical distribution (p = 0.32), although they did by rank; schools ranked in the bottom tier scored lower than the unranked, middle, and top tier schools (p < 0.05). The majority of MSK fellowship program websites are not comprehensive. Areas that needed the most improvement include incentives, education/research, clinical teaching, and recruitment information. Addressing these insufficiencies can help programs in easing the application process for prospective fellows and enhance recruitment.
[en] Fuel is periodically replaced in nuclear power plants (NPPs), generating “Spent Nuclear Fuel” (SNF). The paper attempts to calculate the relationships between the costs and the sizes of SNF storage facilities. This is done by estimating reduced-form equations based on publicly available data. The values reported here should not be considered as the only possible outcomes; they are used here to understand relative NPP owner economic incentives. The paper finds that once the NPP has been decommissioned, and only the on-site dry storage remains, there might not be a cost reason (from the point of view of the NPP owner/operator) to move the SNF to centralised facilities. However, there is a consensus that centralised facilities (a) would be more safe and secure than dispersed on-site storage locations, (b) would facilitate final disposal, and (c) can reduce the risks perceived by local communities near SNF storage facilities. (author)
[en] Looking Forward: • Need to think more broadly about how we value energy systems, especially infrastructure assets as parts of larger systems. • “Need” for clean energy and expanded markets is clear, but without economic incentive, it is unlikely to happen at scale. • Ones that can be expanded to new markets (electricity poverty). • Natural hazards are devastating infrastructure at an increasing rate and substantial cost: • Fuel supply chains; • System failure and cascading impacts; • Transmission and distribution vulnerability; • SMR and MMR technology is important in these contexts.
[en] Electricity generation is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in many countries. Most emissions trading systems (ETS) therefore address emissions from electricity generation. The de-sign of an ETS and the structure and regulation of the electricity sector have a large impact on the environmental effectiveness and the quality of the carbon price signal. This report analyses the interaction of carbon and electricity markets in California. The price in the Californian ETS is largely determined by the floor price. Its impact on the electricity sector is limited because of a monolithic capacity mix and stringent complementary policies. This case study is part of the project “Influence of market structures and market regulation on the carbon market” that aims to identify the impact of market structures and regulations on carbon markets and to investigate the interdependencies between carbon and energy markets in Europe, California, China, South Korea, and Mexico.
[en] The non-interconnected areas self-consumption tender mechanisms was put in place in order to develop medium-power (100 kW to 1 MW) installations in French non-interconnected areas (Corsica and overseas territories). Officialized in July 12, 2019, this tender targets a total volume of 28 MW for the year 2020, with 2 submission tranches of 12 and 16 MW respectively. This document presents the results of the first tranche published on April 1, 2020. The full possible capacity has been allocated to Corsica while the other areas have been partially allocated only. Only 2,8 MWc (out of 12 MWc) have been allocated. There is no winning project for Mayotte and French Guyana
[en] The self-consumption tender mechanism was put in place on March 17, 2017 with the aim of developing intermediate power (100 kW to 1 MW) installations in self-consumption for a total volume of 450 MW during 3 years and with 9 submission tranches (150 MW and 3 tranches each year). Interrupted in April 2019 for under-submission reasons, the tender resumed in June 2019 with lower capacity (25 instead of 50 MW) but more tranches (12 instead of 9). This document analyses the results of the 7. tranche of the self-consumption tender. This tender has been under-subscribed and therefore the volume of the next tranche has been lowered to 20 MW
[en] Whereas waste managers are looking for new ways to valorise their resources which are sometimes difficult to process, the emergence of pyro-gasification could be interesting for the development of projects. It offers a variety of technical solutions which can be adapted to local needs, but it still lacks public support and even a well suited regulation. These various solutions are briefly overviewed, and the energy valorization aspect is outlined
[en] In the context of the health crisis, responses must be found for an economic revival on the short as well as long term, but with a search for the general interest, notably the climatic one. Produced by a professional body of the solar energy sector, this paper proposes there main forms of actions: to immediately free the segment of small solar plants (pricing issues, administrative simplifications), to reduce the constraints of bidding processes (wider location eligibility criteria), and to boost project development cycles (quicker and more simple urban planning processes), and to develop a strong and dynamic solar sector (by supporting companies during the crisis, by implementing a favourable regulatory framework, by defining a new partnership with agriculture, by an industrial revival, by rationalizing connection costs)
[en] Under the current macro-economic trends, the so far abundant support system for renewables (mainly in the form of feed-in tariffs and quota systems) has been drastically modified. In many EU countries, companies are trying to find alternative ways to secure financing for their renewable energy projects. Therefore, new ways of attracting private capital for the realisation of green energy goals have to replace the old schemes. Some new forms of financing are coming together with the EU Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 (project guarantees, packaging of small project for micro-financing schemes at the regional level, preferential loan instead of subsidies etc.). Advanced financial structures are likely to play an increasingly important role in the allocation of risk and reward among different investor classes. The finance and investment gap needs to be filled by the private sector. The challenge is to identify the appropriate policy options and financial tools to attract and scale-up private investments. There are, however, already innovative and promising business and financial models to promote the deployment of RES in the EU. The aim of the EurObserv'ER case studies is to find such examples and describe them so as to put forward the best practices and the replicability of the future promising financing mechanisms. EurObserv'ER will aim at choosing only the most promising ones and try to describe them in order to promote replicability in other geographical areas. The selection criteria for the choice of case studies should ensure (i) diversity across regions and RES, (ii) diversity across finance instruments/mechanisms, (iii) success of approach and its potential to be replicated, (iv) and a wide range of the 'size' of actors/ investors and the resulting RES investments (capacity). The current selection also takes into account the fact that there were already some case studies published in 2014, 2015 and 2018. These are also available for download on the project website: www.eurobserv-er.org