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[en] The new Sustainable Taxonomy aims at identifying activities that contribute to the ecological transition, in accordance with European climate and environmental objectives. While the eagerly awaited regulation is almost operational and received the European Parliament's approval, the European Commission is considering the reintegration of natural gas and nuclear energy in the taxonomy. Looking closely at the chronology of events and at the European transparency register, Reclaim Finance sheds a light on the intense gas and nuclear lobbying that led to these dangerous last-minute discussions. Key findings: - It took two years of work to exclude fossil gas and nuclear from the new European sustainable taxonomy. Now, backdoor dealings and special procedures could lead to their integration. - 189 players from the fossil gas and nuclear sector mobilize 825 lobbyists -450 full-time equivalents (FTE)- to put pressure on the European Commission. They are spending between Euros 71.4 million and Euros 86.6 million a year to influence EU decisions. This is a conservative estimate as the EU transparency register is voluntary and non-binding, thus allowing unreported and under-reported lobbying. - The European Commission largely listens to fossil gas and nuclear lobbyists. Between January 2018 and July 7, 2020, EU officials held 310 meetings, 52 between the publication of the final report on the taxonomy in March 2020 and July 7, 2020. Since the taxonomy process started, in 2018, they had 2.36 meetings a week with them. The frequency of these meetings slightly increased after the last report was published in March 2020 from 2.28 to 2.86 times a week. - The fossil gas lobby is especially vast and powerful. It gathers 167 entities that spend between Euros 68.8 million and Euros 82.9 million each year and devotes 759 employees-419 FTEs-to promoting the sector as a 'bridge' energy.
[en] Whereas new skills and new tools have been created for local communities to support them in the development of projects related to renewable energies, this publication first proposes an overview of the different parts of the role these communities can play to favour the emergence of projects, to develop and to support projects, to participate to project funding, and to communicate and to inform actors of the territory. Various actions are associated with these action axes, and figures indicate the distributions of the various tools used to develop such projects, and the various energy aspects which are addressed by these projects. Two main ways for communities to enter directly the governance of a project of renewable energies on their territory are identified: participation to the capital of a private company (description of the associated legal framework, before and after the adoption of the law for Energy-Climate), and use of intermediate structures (local public companies, local board). An overview of tools of participatory finance is then proposed. Tools aimed at supporting project funding are addressed; they may concern the development phase or the construction phase, and several bodies and organisations can provide financial support. A table indicates provisional objectives (by 2023 and by 2028) of energy production for the different renewable energies, as mentioned in the French multi-year energy programming (PPE). Maps indicate the present level of renewable production in the French regions