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[en] If in the 19th century scientific knowledge moved from a generalist perspective to a growing specialization, in recent decades, problems that transcend disciplinary and political boundaries have required solutions based on interdisciplinary research and global actions, which led to the establishment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Viewing from the latter perspective, the study of ecosystem services has converged on a fast-growing, transdisciplinary area of knowledge, at the same time that the advances in the nuclear field have enabled applications in industry, health, agriculture and the environment. Considering the development of these two areas of knowledge, the objective of this study is to evaluate the correlation between Ecosystem Services (ES) and Nuclear Science and Technology (NST), by means of category building and content analysis applied to articles compiled from Web of Science. From 1980 to June 2020, 27,301 records (articles and reviews) were listed for the term 'Ecosystem Service*'. When refining the result with the application of descriptors related to the nuclear field, correspondences were found for 'Uranium'=14; 'Nuclear Power'=6; 'Nuclear Energy'=3; 'Nuclear Technology*'=1; 'Nuclear Fuel*'=1; 'Nuclear Material*'=1; 'Radiation'=7; 'Isotope*'=188, totalizing 221 correspondences. On the other hand, 9,949 records were obtained for the same time interval, when using the descriptors for the nuclear field, plus the terms 'Nature' or 'Ecosystem*' or 'Environment'. Despite attesting that NST truly converges on ES, this correlation needs to be made more explicit in ES studies, in order to expand the perspectives for the conservation, preservation and recovery of the ecosystem services and their contribution to human well-being. (author)
[en] The Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR) service, launched by the IAEA in 2009, was designed to support the evaluation of the infrastructure for the introduction of a nuclear power programme. An INIR mission is conducted upon Member States request and it enables countries to identify areas of infrastructure development where further attention is needed. The INIR mission also identifies good practices to be shared with other Member States. In addition, it provides an opportunity for the exchange of information between local experts and a team of IAEA and international experts on their experiences. This publication is intended to provide information and analysis on the main results of INIR missions and to share lessons learned. The publication also explains the recent developments in the INIR process and the mechanisms to support Member States after an INIR mission is conducted.
[en] Outline: - EU nuclear energy context: 106 nuclear reactors are in operation in 13 EU Member States; Nuclear energy provides about 25% of EU gross electricity generation, around 50% of EU low carbon electricity generation, and supports around 1 mil. jobs; In EU, each Member State can decide on the inclusion of nuclear power in its energy mix; 4 new reactors are under construction (FR, FI, Slovakia); About 20 reactors are in different stages of planning and preparation in 8 Member States (BG, CZ, EE, FI, HU, LT, PL, RO). - JRC Work Programme 2021 2022 related to the LMFR Safety. - Examples of the JRC technical activities in support to the LMFR Safety. - DG RTD activities in support to the LMFR Safety.
[en] Economic and Performance Implications for SLR: • U.S. has the largest and best run fleet of nuclear power plants in the world. • Generate 20% of America's electricity overall; 62% of emissions free electricity. • Over a 20 year period, a single nuclear plant will generate billions of dollars in economic output. • Nuclear energy needs to be included in any plan to rebuild America
[en] In April 2021 , Barakah Unit 1 became commercially operational generating thousands of megawatts of electricity 24/7. The single largest electricity generator in the region, producing 1,400 MW of clean electricity for our nation. Barakah is leading the largest decarbonization project of any industry in the UAE. Four key elements to success were presented.
[en] The Jordan Research and Training Reactor (JRTR) is Jordan’s first critical nuclear facility, owned and operated by the Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC). The reactor was successfully commissioned in 2016, has obtained its operating license from Jordan’s nuclear regulatory body, and is currently working on optimizing and extending its operation and utilization activities. In this work, prospects of utilizing the JRTR are presented by describing potential utilization applications suitable for the JRTR and of interest to its stakeholders, and afterward, challenges on the way of realizing and implementing those applications are discussed. (author)
[en] Several countries are planning their first/new research reactor as a key national facility for the development of their nuclear science and technology programmes, including nuclear power. The introduction of a new research reactor in a country requires the establishment of an adequate national infrastructure, covering a wide range of technical areas. This paper briefly describes certain special characteristics of a nuclear power programme which need to be kept in mind by government planners and policy makers before any country embarks on a nuclear energy programme. It also briefly describes the infrastructure and institutions that are required to be built for sustenance of a nuclear energy programme. In the end, it also describes India’s nuclear energy programme. (author)
[en] The effectiveness of nuclear regulatory systems is enhanced by portraying transparency and openness in communicating all matters relating to safety to the public and stakeholders. This plays an important role in maintaining and enhancing public confidence on the safe use of nuclear energy for socioeconomic development. The regulatory body, in presenting the comprehensive safety status of nuclear installations, can use the outcome of integrated safety assessment mechanism which considers all important aspects of safety, with openness and transparency. This data driven process provides the public, relevant organizations and decision makers with comprehensive information on safety and regulatory decisions related to nuclear installations and is intended to provide a strong basis for, confidence in the regulatory decisions and information system. This publication provides practical information on the development of an integrated safety assessment mechanism by the regulatory bodies for nuclear installations. The integrated safety assessment model proposed in the publication comprises three steps: organizing input data for integrated safety assessment, trending and analysis, and development of overall results and conclusions.